Essex County Public Health Profile Report
Deaths due to Coronary Heart Disease: Deaths per 100,000 Standardized Population, 2020
Essex109.3 95% Confidence Interval(102.0 - 116.5)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Essex Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Heart disease is the leading cause of death of men and women in the United States and in New Jersey. Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease and can cause heart attack, angina, heart failure, and arrhythmias.
How Are We Doing?Age-adjusted death rates due to coronary heart disease have been declining for several decades and as of 2019, the Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) targets had been achieved by all groups. An across-the-board increase in coronary heart disease deaths in 2020 put the rates back above the HNJ2020 targets. However, this was likely due to the COVID-19 pandemic causing delays in medical care and fears of going to the hospital and being exposed to COVID. The age-adjusted coronary heart disease death rate in New Jersey is highest among Blacks, followed in order by Whites, Hispanics, and Asians. The rate among men is 1.8 times the rate among women. County rates range from a low of 73 in Somerset to a high of 174 in Cumberland.
What Is Being Done?The New Jersey [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/chronic/heart-disease-stroke/ Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program] (NJHDSPP) produces models for improving the prevention and management of heart disease and stroke in New Jersey. NJHDSPP uses these models to assist New Jersey-based healthcare organizations in meeting nationally-recognized best practices and standards for the prevention and treatment of heart disease and stroke. NJHDSPP administers federal funding to private and public sector recipients to affect policy and systems level change and seeks partnerships to perform facility and process assessments.
Evidence-based PracticesLiving a healthy lifestyle keeps blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels normal and lowers the risk for heart disease and heart attack. More information: [https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/prevention.htm]
Healthy People Objective HDS-2:Reduce coronary heart disease deaths
U.S. Target: 103.4 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: Not comparable. Healthy People 2020 objective does not include hypertensive heart disease (ICD-10 code I11).
Health Care System Factors:
- Cardiovascular Disease - High Blood Pressure
- Cardiovascular Disease - High Cholesterol
- Physical Activity-Adult Prevalence
- Diabetes (Diagnosed) Prevalence
- Heart Attack (Acute Myocardial Infarction) Hospitalizations
- Obesity Among Adults
- Cigarette Smoking Among Adults
Health Status Outcomes:
Data SourcesDeath Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Measure Description for Deaths due to Coronary Heart Disease
Definition: Deaths with coronary heart disease as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: I11 (hypertensive heart disease), I20-I25 (ischemic heart disease)
Numerator: Number of deaths due to coronary heart disease
Denominator: Total number of persons in the population