Salem County Public Health Profile Report
Deaths due to Colorectal Cancer: Deaths per 100,000 Population, 2018-2020
Salem16.8 95% Confidence Interval(11.0 - 22.7)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Salem Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in New Jersey and the US.
Risk and Resiliency FactorsAccording to the [https://www.cancer.gov/types/colorectal/hp/colorectal-prevention-pdq National Cancer Institute], both cigarette smoking and obesity are associated with an increased risk of mortality from as well as incidence of colorectal cancer. Conversely, there is solid evidence that daily use of aspirin reduces the risk of mortality from as well as incidence of colorectal cancer. [Last reviewed: 1/26/20]
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to colorectal cancer decreased 46% between 2000 and 2020 and, by 2013, the original Healthy New Jersey targets for Whites, Blacks, and the total population had been met. By 2020, the revised targets for Whites, Blacks, Asians, and the total population had been achieved. The rate is highest among Blacks, followed in order by Whites, Hispanics, and Asians. The rate is higher among men than among women but the gap is narrowing. County rates ranged from a low of 10 in Morris to a high of 17 in Salem.
Evidence-based PracticesScreening can find precancerous polyps (abnormal growths in the colon or rectum) so they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/basic_info/screening/ ^1^]
Healthy People Objective C-5:Reduce the colorectal cancer death rate
U.S. Target: 14.5 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 12.9 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
Health Care System Factors:
Health Status Outcomes:
Data SourcesDeath Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Measure Description for Deaths due to Colorectal Cancer
Definition: Deaths with malignant neoplasm (cancer) of the colon, rectum, and anus as the underlying cause of death ICD-10 codes: C18-C21
Numerator: Number of deaths due to cancer of the colon, rectum, and anus
Denominator: Total number of persons in the population