Essex County Public Health Profile Report
Deaths due to HIV Disease: Deaths per 100,000 Population, 2016-2020
Essex6.3 95% Confidence Interval(5.6 - 7.1)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Essex Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?HIV is a virus that weakens a person's immune system by destroying cells that fight disease and infection. No cure exists for HIV but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.[https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html ^1^]
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to HIV disease has been steadily declining since 1996. All original Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) targets were achieved by 2010 and the revised targets were met by 2018. While the rate among Blacks decreased 88% between 2000 and 2020, it remains about 16 times the White rate and 4 times the Hispanic rate. The rate among males remains more than double that of females.
What Is Being Done?New Jersey has initiated an HIV Pre Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) initiative that places PrEP Counselors in 31 locations across the state. Free, confidential rapid HIV testing is offered at over 100 rapid HIV testing sites throughout NJ. The HIV Prevention Patient Navigator Program located in 15 HIV clinics is a linkage to care initiative that can help persons who test positive or are not in HIV care obtain an appointment for care and treatment on the same or next business day. There are also 44 community-based projects providing HIV prevention services to high risk populations located in areas that have been heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic. Several state-wide initiatives also provide intensive, specialized HIV prevention and risk reduction services including drop-in centers, syringe access programs, and church based prevention initiatives.
Healthy People Objective HIV-12:Reduce deaths from HIV infection
U.S. Target: 3.3 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 4.2 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
Health Care System Factors:
Note** Number of deaths too small to calculate a reliable rate.
Data SourcesDeath Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Measure Description for Deaths due to HIV Disease
Definition: Deaths with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: B20-B24
Numerator: Number of deaths due to HIV disease
Denominator: Total number of persons in the population