Somerset County Public Health Profile Report
Deaths due to Influenza and Pneumonia: Deaths per 100,000 Standardized Population, 2014-2016
Somerset11.4 95% Confidence Interval(9.3 - 13.5)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Somerset Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Influenza and pneumonia combined are the tenth leading cause of death among New Jersey residents and eighth among all US residents.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to influenza and pneumonia has been generally declining for many years. In New Jersey, about 1,200 deaths each year are due to influenza and pneumonia, with pneumonia comprising 91.0 to 99.9% of the deaths. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have a higher death rate than females. The age-adjusted death rate due to influenza and pneumonia is significantly lower among Asians and Hispanics than among Blacks and Whites in New Jersey. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 8.3 in Morris to a high of 17.5 in Gloucester.
What Is Being Done?The New Jersey Department of Health has several programs that track influenza and pneumonia infections or that [https://njiis.nj.gov/core/web/index.html#/mission track] and/or promote vaccination. Health care professionals are to immediately call in confirmed or suspected cases of influenza to the local health department. The [https://njiis.nj.gov/core/web/index.html#/vfcDocs Vaccines for Children Program] provides pediatric vaccines at no cost to doctors who serve children who might not otherwise be vaccinated because of inability to pay.
Evidence-based PracticesAnnual influenza vaccination is the most effective method for preventing influenza virus infection and its complications. Vaccination against pneumococcal disease has been effective in reducing infections among seniors and persons with certain medical conditions.
Health Care System Factors:
Data SourcesDeath Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]
Measure Description for Deaths due to Influenza and Pneumonia
Definition: Deaths with influenza or pneumonia as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: J09-J18
Numerator: Number of deaths due to influenza and pneumonia
Denominator: Total number of persons in the population