Essex County Public Health Profile Report
Suicide: Deaths per 100,000 Population, 2018-2020
Essex6.0 95% Confidence Interval(5.0 - 7.0)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Essex Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
Why Is This Important?Suicide was the 12th leading cause of death among Americans and 15th among New Jerseyans in 2020. The average annual suicide count among New Jersey residents is about 740 and there are about twice as many suicides as homicides in the state.
How Are We Doing?Suicide increased in New Jersey between 2005 and 2017 before declining each year from 2018 through 2020. However, the Healthy New Jersey 2020 target was not achieved. The majority (57%) of suicides are White males and the age-adjusted death rate among this group is at least 1.8 times that of other racial/ethnic/sex groups. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) in 2018-2020 ranged from 5.6 in Passaic to 11.3 in Atlantic.
What Is Being Done?In 2013, the [http://www.njhopeline.com/ NJ Hopeline Call Center] was launched to serve as a backup to the [https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org/ National Suicide Prevention Lifeline] network during times of excess call volume or after the Lifeline Crisis Centers' operating hours. The New Jersey [http://www.sprc.org/sites/default/files/New%20Jersey%202015-preventionplan.pdf Strategy for Youth Suicide Prevention 2015] was developed by community partners and the [https://www.nj.gov/dcf/providers/boards/njyspac/ New Jersey Youth Suicide Prevention Advisory Council] to guide the State's efforts to prevent youth suicides and the [http://www.sprc.org/sites/default/files/New%20Jersey%20Adult%20Suicide%20Prevention%20Plan%20Final%202014-17.pdf Adult Suicide Prevention Plan 2014-2017] from the NJ Division of Mental Health and Addiction Services contains strategies and actions in addition to crisis responses for the specific concerns related to adult suicide. The next Adult Suicide Prevention Plan 2018-2023 is nearly finalized, and features the [https://zerosuicide.sprc.org/ Zero Suicide Initiative]. The Governor's Study Commission on Violence [http://nj.gov/oag/newsreleases15/pr20151013a.html released a report] of recommendations to the Governor on ways to combat all types of violence from a public health perspective in October, 2015. The New Jersey Department of Health maintains the [http://www.nj.gov/health/chs/njvdrs/ New Jersey Violent Death Reporting System] (NJVDRS), a CDC-funded surveillance system that tracks suicides, homicides, unintentional firearm deaths, injury deaths of undetermined intent, and deaths by legal intervention and is used to educate public health and public safety professionals in the state and inform their interventions and decision-making, with the ultimate goal of reducing the incidence of violent deaths. NJVDRS is part of the [https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/datasources/nvdrs/index.html National Violent Death Reporting System].
Healthy People Objective MHMD-1:Reduce the suicide rate
U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 (age-adjusted)
State Target: 5.9 suicides per 100,000 (age-adjusted)
Relevant Population Characteristics:
Data SourcesDeath Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Measure Description for Suicide
Definition: Deaths with suicide as the underlying cause. Suicide is defined as death resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. ICD-10 codes: X60-X84, Y87.0
Numerator: Number of deaths due to suicide
Denominator: Total number of persons in the population