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Complete Health Indicator Report of Age-Specific Birth Rates

Definition

The number of resident live births to females in a specific age group per 1,000 females in the age group.

Numerator

The number of resident live births to females in a specific age group

Denominator

The number of females in the age group

Why Is This Important?

Tracking age-specific birth rate patterns shows not only trends in teen births but also trends among older mothers. Teenage pregnancy and childbearing are ongoing public health concerns and the focus of considerable public policy debate. Babies born to teenage mothers are at elevated risk of poor birth outcomes, including higher rates of low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant death. The limited educational, social, and financial resources often available to teenage mothers add to their higher risk profile.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce the pregnancy rate among adolescent females aged 15 to 17 years

U.S. Target: 36.2 pregnancies per 1,000
State Target: is not comparable because it is for births only, not all pregnancy outcomes

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-10''': Reduce the birth rate per 1,000 females aged 15-17 to 3.6 for the total population, 0.7 among Whites, 6.7 among Blacks, and 9.1 among Hispanics. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-10''': Reduce the birth rate per 1,000 females aged 15-17 to 11.4 for the total population, 2.5 among Whites, 25.6 among Blacks, and 31.4 among Hispanics. ''All targets have been met.''

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, the highest birth rate is among mothers 30-34 years old. Birth rates among women 30 years old and over increased while birth rates among mothers under 30 years old decreased between 1990 and 2020. For all age groups under 30, Hispanic mothers have the highest birth rate followed by Blacks and then Whites. For those 30-39 years old, Asians and Whites have the highest rates. Births to teens of all ages and races/ethnicities have been declining for decades and continue to do so. The original and the more stringent revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 targets were achieved by all racial/ethnic groups. The teen birth rate in Cumberland County, however, is significantly higher than the rates of every other New Jersey county.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Teen birth rates in New Jersey as well as the rates among those 20-29 years old are substantially lower than in the nation as a whole. Rates among those 30 and over are higher in New Jersey than in the nation as a whole.

What Is Being Done?

The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Age-Specific Birth Rate by Mother's Age, New Jersey and the U.S., 2020

US/NJAge GroupNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific FemalesLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 14
US15-176.3
US18-1928.9
US20-2463.0
US25-2990.2
US30-3494.9
US35-3951.8
US40-4411.8
NJ15-173.63.33.9
NJ18-1918.317.419.1
NJ20-2444.343.645.1
NJ25-2980.679.681.6
NJ30-34120.3119.2121.5
NJ35-3971.470.572.3
NJ40-4417.016.517.5

Data Notes

Confidence intervals not available for US data.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Natality public-use data. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/natality.html]
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Age-Specific Birth Rates by Mother's Age, New Jersey, 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2020

Years: 1990,2000,2010-2020Age GroupNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific FemalesLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 28
199015-1724.623.825.5
199018-1962.761.364.2
199020-2484.683.685.6
199025-29116.8115.8117.9
199030-3498.397.399.3
199035-3939.739.040.4
199040-446.36.06.6
200015-1716.515.917.1
200018-1957.055.658.5
200020-2479.778.680.8
200025-29105.7104.5106.9
200030-34111.2110.1112.3
200035-3953.552.754.2
200040-4410.810.511.2
201015-179.59.09.9
201018-1937.035.938.2
201020-2467.366.468.3
201025-2999.097.9100.1
201030-34116.5115.4117.7
201035-3961.260.462.1
201040-4413.112.813.5
202015-173.63.33.9
202018-1918.317.419.1
202020-2444.343.645.1
202025-2980.679.681.6
202030-34120.3119.2121.5
202035-3971.470.572.3
202040-4417.016.517.5

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 1990-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm] as of October 26, 2012.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Age-Specific Birth Rates by Year and Mother's Age, New Jersey Teens, 2000-2020

Age GroupYearNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 42
15-17200016.515.917.12,642160,197
15-17200115.514.916.12,539163,451
15-17200214.814.215.42,478167,681
15-17200313.813.214.32,364171,821
15-17200412.411.912.92,192176,930
15-17200512.011.412.42,185182,913
15-17200611.711.212.22,182186,109
15-17200712.011.512.42,226186,267
15-17200811.511.012.02,113183,458
15-17200910.510.011.01,906181,549
15-1720109.59.09.91,710180,329
15-1720118.88.39.21,556177,868
15-1720127.67.28.01,328175,185
15-1720137.06.67.41,207173,254
15-1720145.95.56.31,015172,075
15-1720155.24.95.6898171,727
15-1720164.44.14.8758170,524
15-1720174.03.74.3676169,061
15-1720184.23.94.6710167,079
15-1720194.13.84.4678166,379
15-1720203.63.33.9593166,092
18-19200057.055.658.55,38594,394
18-19200153.451.954.85,11395,838
18-19200250.148.751.44,85096,869
18-19200348.547.149.84,75598,130
18-19200447.045.748.34,68599,622
18-19200546.244.947.54,662100,830
18-19200647.846.549.14,906102,577
18-19200747.446.148.74,981105,056
18-19200844.443.245.64,824108,618
18-19200940.539.341.74,422109,175
18-19201037.135.938.24,025108,617
18-19201133.832.734.93,729110,323
18-19201230.829.831.83,391110,026
18-19201327.826.828.83,009108,228
18-19201425.224.226.12,673106,119
18-19201522.621.623.42,363104,794
18-19201621.120.222.02,194103,915
18-19201720.719.821.62,142103,392
18-19201820.219.421.12,095103,574
18-19201919.518.620.32,004102,861
18-19202018.317.419.11,841100,806

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 1990-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm] as of October 26, 2012.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Age-Specific Birth Rates by Race/Ethnicity and Year, New Jersey Females Aged 15-17 Years, 2000-2020 (HNJ2020)

Race/EthnicityYearNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 84
White20004.84.35.2466
White20014.23.84.6417
White20024.23.84.6431
White20033.53.13.8357
White20043.22.83.5333
White20053.02.73.3322
White20062.92.63.2312
White20073.02.63.3319
White20082.62.32.9275
White20092.62.32.9267
White20102.32.02.6235
White20112.01.72.3196
White20121.91.62.2185
White20132.01.72.2185
White20141.31.11.6124
White20151.10.81.398
White20160.90.71.181
White20170.80.60.967
White20180.70.60.964
White20190.70.50.960
White20200.40.30.637
Black200040.438.142.81,085
Black200136.734.438.9998
Black200234.632.536.8968
Black200330.228.232.2868
Black200425.223.527.0752
Black200525.523.827.3789
Black200624.923.226.6787
Black200726.424.628.2830
Black200825.423.627.1779
Black200922.620.924.3678
Black201020.218.621.8595
Black201118.817.220.4529
Black201215.714.217.2428
Black201312.911.614.3347
Black201412.511.213.9333
Black20159.58.310.6249
Black20168.06.99.0205
Black20177.06.08.1178
Black20187.86.68.8189
Black20196.65.67.6157
Black20206.35.37.3148
Hispanic200041.238.743.61,038
Hispanic200140.838.443.21,068
Hispanic200238.235.940.41,036
Hispanic200338.135.940.41,093
Hispanic200435.333.237.41,057
Hispanic200532.430.534.41,040
Hispanic200631.329.533.21,042
Hispanic200729.928.131.71,029
Hispanic200829.127.430.91,008
Hispanic200926.124.427.8923
Hispanic201023.321.824.9846
Hispanic201121.920.423.4803
Hispanic201218.817.420.2687
Hispanic201317.816.419.2646
Hispanic201414.513.315.8533
Hispanic201513.712.514.9515
Hispanic201611.510.412.5440
Hispanic201710.69.611.6414
Hispanic201810.59.411.5415
Hispanic201910.89.811.8439
Hispanic20209.28.310.2387
Total200016.515.917.12,642
Total200115.514.916.12,539
Total200214.814.215.42,478
Total200313.813.214.32,364
Total200412.411.912.92,192
Total200512.011.412.42,185
Total200611.711.212.22,182
Total200712.011.512.42,226
Total200811.511.012.02,113
Total200910.510.011.01,906
Total20109.59.09.91,710
Total20118.78.39.21,556
Total20127.67.28.01,328
Total20136.96.67.41,207
Total20145.85.56.31,015
Total20155.24.95.6898
Total20164.44.14.8758
Total20174.03.74.3676
Total20184.23.94.6710
Total20194.13.84.4678
Total20203.63.33.9593

Data Notes

Data for White and Black do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. The number of births to Asian females aged 15-17 years is too small to calculate reliable rates. This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective MCH-10.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 1990-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm] as of October 26, 2012.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Teen Birth Rates by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey Females Aged 15-17 Years, 2020

Race/EthnicityLive Births per 1,000 Females Aged 15-17 YearsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
White0.40.30.63783,741
Black6.35.37.314823,451
Hispanic9.28.310.238741,855
Asian**
New Jersey3.63.33.9593166,092
United States6.338,5876,137,162

Data Notes

**The number of births to Asians is too small to calculate a reliable rate. Confidence intervals are not available for the U.S. data.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Teen Birth Rates by County of Residence, New Jersey Females Aged 15-17 Years, 2016-2020

CountyNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Females Aged 15-17 YearsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 23
Atlantic6.35.37.3
Bergen1.00.81.2
Burlington2.52.02.9
Camden6.15.46.8
Cape May4.02.55.5
Cumberland12.210.414.0
Essex6.76.17.3
Gloucester2.31.82.9
Hudson6.45.77.1
Hunterdon**0.41.4
Mercer7.96.98.8
Middlesex3.32.93.7
Monmouth2.01.62.3
Morris1.10.81.4
Ocean2.21.82.6
Passaic8.47.69.2
Salem5.83.97.8
Somerset2.62.03.1
Sussex1.50.82.1
Union5.14.55.7
Warren2.01.22.9
New Jersey4.13.94.2
United States7.4

Data Notes

** Number too small to calculate a reliable rate.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

References and Community Resources

National Center for Health Statistics Teen Births Fast Stats: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/teen-births.htm] National Center for Health Statistics Birth/Natality Fast Stats: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/births.htm] National Center for Health Statistics Birth Data: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/births.htm]

Page Content Updated On 05/19/2022, Published on 05/19/2022
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 13 August 2022 10:44:03 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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