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Complete Health Indicator Report of Age-Specific Birth Rates

Definition

The number of resident live births to females in a specific age group per 1,000 females in the age group.

Numerator

The number of resident live births to females in a specific age group

Denominator

The number of females in the age group

Why Is This Important?

Tracking age-specific birth rate patterns shows not only trends in teen births but also trends among older mothers. Teenage pregnancy and childbearing are ongoing public health concerns and the focus of considerable public policy debate. Babies born to teenage mothers are at elevated risk of poor birth outcomes, including higher rates of low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant death. The limited educational, social, and financial resources often available to teenage mothers add to their higher risk profile.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce the pregnancy rate among adolescent females aged 15 to 17 years

U.S. Target: 36.2 pregnancies per 1,000
State Target: is not comparable because it is for births only, not all pregnancy outcomes

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-10''': Reduce the birth rate per 1,000 females aged 15-17 to 3.6 for the total population, 0.7 among Whites, 6.7 among Blacks, and 9.1 among Hispanics. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-10''': Reduce the birth rate per 1,000 females aged 15-17 to 11.4 for the total population, 2.5 among Whites, 25.6 among Blacks, and 31.4 among Hispanics. ''All targets have been met.''

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, the highest birth rate is among mothers 30-34 years old. Birth rates among women 30 years old and over increased while birth rates among mothers under 30 years old decreased between 1990 and 2018. For all age groups under 30, Hispanic mothers have the highest birth rate followed by Blacks and then Whites. For those 30-39 years old, Asians and Whites have the highest rates. Births to teens of all ages and races/ethnicities have been declining for decades and continue to do so. Teen birth rates are highest in the southern counties and in those in the New York metro area.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Teen birth rates in New Jersey as well as the rates among those 20-29 years old are substantially lower than in the nation as a whole. Rates among those 30 and over are higher in New Jersey than in the nation as a whole.

What Is Being Done?

The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Age-Specific Birth Rate by Mother's Age, New Jersey and the U.S., 2018

US/NJAge GroupNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific Females
Record Count: 14
US15-177.2
US18-1932.3
US20-2468.0
US25-2995.3
US30-3499.7
US35-3952.6
US40-4411.8
NJ15-174.2
NJ18-1920.2
NJ20-2447.6
NJ25-2988.1
NJ30-34123.3
NJ35-3971.3
NJ40-4416.8

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Natality public-use data. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/natality.html]
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Age-Specific Birth Rates by Mother's Age, New Jersey, 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2018

Years: 1990,2000,2010-2020Age GroupNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific FemalesLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 28
199015-1724.623.825.5
199018-1962.761.364.2
199020-2484.683.685.6
199025-29116.8115.8117.9
199030-3498.397.399.3
199035-3939.739.040.4
199040-446.36.06.6
200015-1716.515.917.1
200018-1957.055.658.5
200020-2479.778.680.8
200025-29105.7104.5106.9
200030-34111.2110.1112.3
200035-3953.552.754.2
200040-4410.810.511.2
201015-179.59.09.9
201018-1937.035.938.2
201020-2467.366.468.3
201025-2999.097.9100.1
201030-34116.5115.4117.7
201035-3961.260.462.1
201040-4413.112.813.5
201815-174.23.94.6
201818-1920.219.421.1
201820-2447.646.848.4
201825-2988.187.089.1
201830-34123.3122.1124.6
201835-3971.370.472.3
201840-4416.816.317.3

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 1990-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm] as of October 26, 2012.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Age-Specific Birth Rates by Year and Mother's Age, New Jersey Teens, 2000-2018

Age GroupYearNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 38
15-17200016.515.917.12,642
15-17200115.514.916.12,539
15-17200214.814.215.42,478
15-17200313.813.214.32,364
15-17200412.411.912.92,192
15-17200512.011.412.42,185
15-17200611.711.212.22,182
15-17200712.011.512.42,226
15-17200811.511.012.02,113
15-17200910.510.011.01,906
15-1720109.59.09.91,710
15-1720118.78.39.21,556
15-1720127.67.28.01,328
15-1720136.96.57.31,207
15-1720145.85.56.21,015
15-1720155.24.85.5898
15-1720164.44.14.7758
15-1720174.03.64.2676
15-1720184.23.94.6710
18-19200057.055.658.55,385
18-19200153.451.954.85,113
18-19200250.148.751.44,850
18-19200348.547.149.84,755
18-19200447.045.748.34,685
18-19200546.244.947.54,662
18-19200647.846.549.14,906
18-19200747.446.148.74,981
18-19200844.443.245.64,824
18-19200940.539.341.74,422
18-19201037.035.938.24,025
18-19201133.732.734.83,729
18-19201230.729.731.73,391
18-19201327.626.628.63,009
18-19201425.024.025.92,673
18-19201522.321.423.22,363
18-19201620.820.021.72,194
18-19201720.519.621.32,142
18-19201820.219.421.12,095

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 1990-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm] as of October 26, 2012.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Age-Specific Birth Rates by Race/Ethnicity and Year, New Jersey Females Aged 15-17 Years, 2000-2018 (HNJ2020)

Race/EthnicityYearNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Age-Specific FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 76
White20004.84.35.2466
White20014.23.84.6417
White20024.23.84.6431
White20033.53.13.8357
White20043.22.83.5333
White20053.02.73.3322
White20062.92.63.2312
White20073.02.63.3319
White20082.62.32.9275
White20092.62.32.9267
White20102.32.02.6235
White20112.01.72.3196
White20121.91.62.2185
White20131.91.72.2185
White20141.31.11.6124
White20151.10.81.398
White20160.90.71.181
White20170.80.60.967
White20180.70.60.964
Black200040.438.142.81,085
Black200136.734.438.9998
Black200234.632.536.8968
Black200330.228.232.2868
Black200425.223.527.0752
Black200525.523.827.3789
Black200624.923.226.6787
Black200726.424.628.2830
Black200825.423.627.1779
Black200922.620.924.3678
Black201020.218.621.8595
Black201118.817.220.3529
Black201215.714.217.1428
Black201312.911.514.2347
Black201412.511.113.8333
Black20159.48.310.6249
Black20167.96.99.0205
Black20177.06.08.0178
Black20187.86.78.9189
Hispanic200041.238.743.61,038
Hispanic200140.838.443.21,068
Hispanic200238.235.940.41,036
Hispanic200338.135.940.41,093
Hispanic200435.333.237.41,057
Hispanic200532.430.534.41,040
Hispanic200631.329.533.21,042
Hispanic200729.928.131.71,029
Hispanic200829.127.430.91,008
Hispanic200926.124.427.8923
Hispanic201023.321.724.8846
Hispanic201121.820.323.3803
Hispanic201218.717.320.0687
Hispanic201317.616.218.9646
Hispanic201414.313.115.5533
Hispanic201513.412.314.6515
Hispanic201611.210.212.2440
Hispanic201710.39.311.3414
Hispanic201810.49.411.4415
Total200016.515.917.12,642
Total200115.514.916.12,539
Total200214.814.215.42,478
Total200313.813.214.32,364
Total200412.411.912.92,192
Total200512.011.412.42,185
Total200611.711.212.22,182
Total200712.011.512.42,226
Total200811.511.012.02,113
Total200910.510.011.01,906
Total20109.59.09.91,710
Total20118.78.39.21,556
Total20127.67.28.01,328
Total20136.96.57.31,207
Total20145.85.56.21,015
Total20155.24.85.5898
Total20164.44.14.7758
Total20174.03.64.2676
Total20184.23.94.6710

Data Notes

Data for White and Black do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. The number of births to Asian females aged 15-17 years is too small to calculate reliable rates. This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective MCH-10.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 1990-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm] as of October 26, 2012.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, [https://www.census.gov/]


Teen Birth Rates by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey Females Aged 15-17 Years, 2018

Race/EthnicityLive Births per 1,000 Females Aged 15-17 YearsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
White0.70.60.96486,455
Black7.86.78.918924,343
Hispanic10.49.411.441539,745
Asian**
New Jersey4.23.94.6710167,209
United States7.244,2916,130,081

Data Notes

**The number of births to Asians is too small to calculate a reliable rate. Confidence intervals are not available for the U.S. data.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Teen Birth Rates by County of Residence, New Jersey Females Aged 15-17 Years, 2014-2018

CountyNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Females Aged 15-17 YearsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 23
Atlantic6.35.37.3
Bergen1.31.11.6
Burlington3.02.53.5
Camden7.56.88.3
Cape May7.65.69.6
Cumberland13.411.515.3
Essex8.57.89.1
Gloucester2.62.13.2
Hudson8.57.79.4
Hunterdon**0.41.4
Mercer7.16.28.0
Middlesex3.93.54.4
Monmouth2.31.92.7
Morris1.31.01.6
Ocean2.72.33.2
Passaic10.19.210.9
Salem6.84.78.9
Somerset2.62.03.1
Sussex1.50.92.1
Union5.54.86.1
Warren**0.82.3
New Jersey4.84.64.9
United States8.9

Data Notes

** Number too small to calculate a reliable rate.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

References and Community Resources

National Center for Health Statistics Teen Births Fast Stats: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/teen-births.htm] National Center for Health Statistics Birth/Natality Fast Stats: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/births.htm] National Center for Health Statistics Birth Data: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/births.htm]

Page Content Updated On 11/20/2020, Published on 11/20/2020
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 04 December 2020 15:17:52 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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