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Complete Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Definition

Number or rate of deaths due to unintentional carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from fire, non-fire or unknown causes in a specific geographic area within a specified time period.

Numerator

Number of deaths due to unintentional CO poisoning occurring among residents of a specific geographic area within a specified year.

Denominator

For rates, estimated population of a specific geographic area in a specified time period (using mid-year population estimates).

Why Is This Important?

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless and odorless poisonous gas produced by the incomplete burning of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Unintentional CO exposure to people most frequently occurs due to improper ventilation, and or inhalation of exhaust fumes from vehicles, generators, gas furnaces or heaters. CO poisoning can also occur in combination with smoke inhalation and burns during residential fires. While most CO poisoning can be prevented, every year more than 500 Americans die as a result of exposure to this toxic gas. Thousands of Americans annually need to get medical care for non-fatal CO poisonings. Symptoms of CO exposure may include: headache, fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, dizziness and confusion. At high levels, CO poisoning causes loss of consciousness and death. Survivors of severe poisoning may suffer long-term neurological problems. CO poisoning can be prevented by the installation of CO detectors/alarms and the proper maintenance of heating systems.

How Are We Doing?

Between 2000 and 2015, death rates due to unintentional CO poisoning (and CO poisoning of unknown intent) have shown variation between 0 to 0.14 per 100,000 residents across all events (fire, non-fire and unknown intent).

What Is Being Done?

The NJ Division of Consumer Affairs in the Office of the Attorney General provides guidance on the prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning on their web site: [http://www.njconsumeraffairs.gov/News/Consumer%20Briefs/carbon-monoxide-poisoning.pdf#search=carbon%20monoxide]

Health Program Information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides a variety of important information on the prevention of CO poisoning: [http://www.cdc.gov/CO/basics.htm] [http://www.cdc.gov/CO/guidelines.htm]


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Deaths Due to Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, Annual Age-Adjusted Rate in New Jersey, by Year and Cause, 2000-2015

Death Cause Due to Unintentional CO PoisoningYearRate per 100,000 ResidentsNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 48
Fire20000.14128,434,216
Fire20010.12108,506,516
Fire20020.0448,577,514
Fire20030.0778,632,553
Fire20040.12108,675,879
Fire20050.0548,703,150
Fire20060.0448,724,560
Fire20070.0338,653,126
Fire20080.0558,663,398
Fire20090.0658,707,739
Fire2010008,792,822
Fire20110.0888,842,652
Fire20120.0888,874,893
Fire20130.13138,911,502
Fire20140.0988,938,175
Fire20150.0998,958,013
Non-Fire20000.0548,434,216
Non-Fire20010.13118,506,516
Non-Fire20020.0338,577,514
Non-Fire20030.0448,632,553
Non-Fire20040.0118,675,879
Non-Fire20050.0878,703,150
Non-Fire20060.0338,724,560
Non-Fire20070.0228,653,126
Non-Fire20080.0338,663,398
Non-Fire20090.0228,707,739
Non-Fire20100.0338,792,822
Non-Fire20110.11118,842,652
Non-Fire20120.1108,874,893
Non-Fire20130.0118,911,502
Non-Fire20140.0878,938,175
Non-Fire20150.0778,958,013
Unknown2000008,434,216
Unknown2001008,506,516
Unknown20020.0988,577,514
Unknown20030.0338,632,553
Unknown20040.0118,675,879
Unknown20050.0118,703,150
Unknown2006008,724,560
Unknown20070.0228,653,126
Unknown2008008,663,398
Unknown2009008,707,739
Unknown20100.0118,792,822
Unknown20110.0338,842,652
Unknown2012008,874,893
Unknown2013008,911,502
Unknown20140.0558,938,175
Unknown2015008,958,013

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

Page Content Updated On 10/31/2017, Published on 11/03/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 28 November 2020 21:05:29 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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