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Complete Health Indicator Report of Emergency Department Visits for Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Definition

Annual number or rate of Emergency Department visits for unintentional carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning for New Jersey residents by county, and cause/intent (fire, non-fire or unknown). ICD-9 discharge diagnoses codes used through September 2015 were: E890.0-E899.9 for fire-related poisoning; E800-E848.0, E850-E869.9, E880-E888.9, E900-E928.9 for non-fire poisoning; and E986 for unknown. Beginning October 2015 onward, ICD-10 code T58 was used (with exclusions for intentional and additional coding for fire and non-fire subcategories).

Numerator

Number of Emergency Department visits due to unintentional CO poisoning occurring among residents of a specific geographic area within a specified time period.

Denominator

For rates, estimated population of a specific geographic area in a specified time period.

Why Is This Important?

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless and odorless poisonous gas produced by the incomplete burning of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Unintentional CO exposure to people most frequently occurs due to improper ventilation, and or inhalation of exhaust fumes from vehicles, generators, gas furnaces or heaters. CO poisoning can also occur in combination with smoke inhalation and burns during residential fires. While most CO poisoning can be prevented, every year more than 500 Americans die as a result of exposure to this toxic gas. Thousands of Americans annually need to get medical care for non-fatal CO poisonings. Symptoms of CO exposure may include: headache, fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, dizziness and confusion. At high levels, CO poisoning causes loss of consciousness and death. Survivors of severe poisoning may suffer long-term neurological problems. CO poisoning can be prevented by the installation of CO detectors/alarms and the proper maintenance of heating systems.

How Are We Doing?

Between 2015 and 2019, emergency department visit rates due to unintentional CO poisoning have averaged 0.15 per 100,000 persons from fire-related causes, 5.0 per 100,000 persons from non-fire related causes (e.g. fumes from improperly ventilated heaters, furnaces or motor vehicles) and 1.1 per 100,000 persons from unknown causes per 100,000 persons. Most of the cases are attributable to non-fire-related causes.

What Is Being Done?

The New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs in the Office of the Attorney General provides guidance on the prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning on their web site: [http://www.njconsumeraffairs.gov/News/Consumer%20Briefs/carbon-monoxide-poisoning.pdf#search=carbon%20monoxide]

Health Program Information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides a variety of important information on the prevention of CO poisoning on these web sites: [http://www.cdc.gov/CO/guidelines.htm]


Related Indicators

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Emergency Department Visits for Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, Annual Age-Adjusted Rate in New Jersey by Year and Cause, 2004-2020

CO ER Visit CauseYearRate per 100,000 ResidentsNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 51
Fire2004****8,675,879
Fire20050.14128,703,150
Fire20060.12118,724,560
Fire20070.19168,653,126
Fire2008****8,663,398
Fire20090.13118,707,739
Fire20100.21198,522,557
Fire20110.12118,769,272
Fire2012****8,769,272
Fire2013****8,833,625
Fire20140.17158,938,175
Fire20150.14128,958,013
Fire2016**8,944,469
Fire2017**9,005,644
Fire20180.16148,908,520
Fire2019**8,882,190
Fire2020**8,882,371
Non-Fire20045.194428,675,879
Non-Fire20055.554718,703,150
Non-Fire20065.024288,724,560
Non-Fire20075.454548,653,126
Non-Fire20085.704768,663,398
Non-Fire20094.143498,707,739
Non-Fire20105.224308,522,557
Non-Fire20115.434658,769,272
Non-Fire20127.406288,769,272
Non-Fire20134.203568,833,625
Non-Fire20144.023438,938,175
Non-Fire20152.942598,958,013
Non-Fire20165.985128,944,469
Non-Fire20175.774879,005,644
Non-Fire20185.985088,908,520
Non-Fire20194.293728,882,190
Non-Fire20202.472128,882,371
Unknown20042.291978,675,879
Unknown20052.061768,703,150
Unknown20062.291958,724,560
Unknown20072.351998,653,126
Unknown20082.592188,663,398
Unknown20092.432058,707,739
Unknown20102.962458,522,557
Unknown20113.312838,769,272
Unknown20125.304458,769,272
Unknown20133.202738,833,625
Unknown20142.842428,938,175
Unknown20153.062638,958,013
Unknown20160.66538,944,469
Unknown20170.45389,005,644
Unknown2018**8,908,520
Unknown20190.19168,882,190
Unknown2020**8,882,371

Data Notes

** Rates and counts are suppressed if fewer than 10 cases were reported in a specific year.

Data Sources

  • Office of Health Care Quality and Assessment, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/]
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Emergency Department Visits for Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, by Age Group, New Jersey Residents, 2020

Age GroupCounts
Record Count: 13
Under 510
5-916
10-1420
15-1911
20-2420
25-2921
30-3416
35-3918
40-4415
45-499
50-549
55-5913
60+40

Data Source

Office of Health Care Quality and Assessment, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/]

References and Community Resources

Carbon Monoxide Exposure Fact Sheets are available in both English and Spanish: English version: [https://www.nj.gov/health/ceohs/documents/ceohs%20content/CO_poisoning_homeowners2021_May_2021.pdf] Spanish version: [https://www.nj.gov/health/ceohs/documents/ceohs%20content/CO_poisoning_homeowners_sp.pdf]

Page Content Updated On 12/08/2022, Published on 12/22/2022
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sun, 05 February 2023 0:33:56 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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