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Complete Health Indicator Report of Incidence of Colorectal Cancer

Definition

Age-adjusted incidence rate of cancer of the colon and rectum per 100,000 standard population ICD-O-3 codes: C18.0-C20.9 (excl. types 9590-9992)

Numerator

Number of new cases of invasive colorectal cancer diagnosed

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

Of cancers affecting both men and women, colorectal cancer (cancer of the colon and rectum) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/ ^1^] Increases in colorectal cancer screening (which can include the removal of precancerous polyps), have led to decreases in colorectal cancer incidence.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce invasive colorectal cancer

U.S. Target: 39.9 new cases per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 39.7 new cases per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)

Other Objectives

'''Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-9''': Reduce the age-adjusted incidence rate of invasive colorectal cancer per 100,000 standard population to 39.7 for the total population, 39.8 among Whites, 41.2 among Blacks, 31.2 among Hispanics, and (revised) 21.6 among Asians.

How Are We Doing?

Preliminary 2016 rates show that the original Healthy New Jersey 2020 targets have been met by Asians, Whites, and the total population.

Evidence-based Practices

Screening can find precancerous polyps (abnormal growths in the colon or rectum) so they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/ ^1^]

Available Services

The [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/njceed.shtml New Jersey Cancer Education and Early Detection] (NJCEED) Program provides comprehensive outreach, education and screening services for colorectal cancer.

Health Program Information

NJDOH Cancer Initiatives: [http://nj.gov/health/ces]


Related Indicators

Health Care System Factors

Health care system factors associated with colorectal cancer incidence include colorectal cancer screening.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Colorectal cancer risk increases with age, inflammatory bowel disease, a personal or family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, and certain hereditary syndromes. A diet high in fat and low in fiber, lack of regular physical activity, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking are also thought to increase risk. A diet high in fruits and vegetables, hormone replacement therapy in post-menopausal women, and aspirin use may reduce colorectal cancer risk.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Using data from SEER 18 (2009-2015), the [https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/colorect.html National Cancer Institute] found the five-year relative survival for people diagnosed with colorectal cancer to be approximately 64% overall. [Last reviewed: 1/27/20]

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Age-adjusted Incidence Rate of Invasive Colorectal Cancer, by Race/Ethnicity and Year, New Jersey, 2009-2016 (preliminary)

Race/EthnicityYearRate of Cases per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 40
White200946.2
White201044.1
White201143.4
White201243.1
White201342.3
White201441.7
White201540.6
White201639.8
Black200950.4
Black201050.5
Black201149.6
Black201246.8
Black201339.9
Black201445.2
Black201545.3
Black201643.2
Hispanic200939.7
Hispanic201040.5
Hispanic201139.9
Hispanic201239.2
Hispanic201340.1
Hispanic201435.8
Hispanic201535.9
Hispanic201637.7
Asian200930.6
Asian201028.8
Asian201127.6
Asian201224.2
Asian201323.8
Asian201424.3
Asian201524.5
Asian201626.8
Total200946.0
Total201044.0
Total201143.4
Total201242.5
Total201341.4
Total201441.4
Total201540.6
Total201638.9

Data Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 objective CA-9. Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. 2016 data are preliminary.

Data Source

New Jersey State Cancer Registry, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey Department of Health


Age-adjusted Incidence Rate of Invasive Colorectal Cancer by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2016 (preliminary)

Race/EthnicityRate of Cases per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 5
White39.8
Black43.2
Hispanic37.7
Asian26.8
New Jersey38.9

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. 2016 data are preliminary.

Data Source

New Jersey State Cancer Registry, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey Department of Health

References and Community Resources

1. [http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/ CDC Colorectal (Colon) Cancer Info]

Page Content Updated On 02/21/2019, Published on 01/29/2020
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 28 November 2020 20:12:35 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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