Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Complete Health Indicator Report of Leading Causes of Death

Definition

Deaths due to underlying causes of death eligible to be ranked as leading causes of death based on National Center for Health Statistics standards

Numerator

Number of deaths due to a particular underlying cause

Denominator

Percent: Total number of deaths due to all causes; Rate: Number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

Analysis of mortality by cause is essential for the development of prevention strategies.

How Are We Doing?

Preliminary 2017 data show that the ten leading causes of death in New Jersey remained the same as in 2016. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US, New Jersey, and each NJ county. Cancer is the second leading cause of death. Together, these two causes of death account for nearly half of all deaths each year. Unintentional injury, stroke, chronic lower respiratory diseases (CLRD), Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, septicemia (sepsis), kidney disease, and influenza/pneumonia round out the remainder of the ten leading causes of death for New Jersey in 2016 and in 2017. For each year of 2009-2014, the leading causes of death had been, in order, heart disease, cancer, stroke, CLRD, unintentional injury, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, septicemia (sepsis), kidney disease, and influenza/pneumonia. In 2015, fueled by the opioid overdose epidemic, unintentional injury replaced CLRD as the fourth leading cause of death. Alzheimer's disease and septicemia overtook diabetes in positions 6 through 8. In 2016, unintentional injury replaced stroke as the third leading cause of death and diabetes switched places with septicemia to become the seventh leading cause of death. [https://www-doh.state.nj.us/doh-shad/view/sharedstatic/LCODtable.pdf Table of leading causes of death for each year, 2000-2016]

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the US, but is 14th in New Jersey. New Jersey's 8th leading cause of death, septicemia, was 12th in the US in 2017. The other leading causes of death are in the Top 10 in both New Jersey and the US. The age-adjusted death rates in 2017 for New Jersey's ten leading causes of death are lower than those of the U.S. for each cause except septicemia.


Related Indicators

Health Status Outcomes

There are also indicator profiles for leading causes of death by age, race/ethnicity, and gender. These are accessible on the [https://www-doh.state.nj.us/doh-shad/topic/Mortality.html Mortality and Leading Causes of Death] page.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Leading Causes of Death: Counts and Percentages, New Jersey, 2016

Cause of DeathPercent of DeathsNumer- ator
Record Count: 11
Heart Disease25.4%18,598
Cancer22.4%16,377
Unintentional Injury5.2%3,840
Stroke4.6%3,401
CLRD4.2%3,065
Alzheimer's Disease3.3%2,435
Diabetes2.7%1,949
Septicemia2.6%1,925
Kidney Disease2.1%1,535
Influenza and Pneumonia1.6%1,208
All Other Causes25.8%18,884

Data Source

Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health


Leading Causes of Death: Age-Adjusted Rates, New Jersey and the U.S., 2016

US/NJCause of DeathDeaths per 100,000 Standardized PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 20
USHeart Disease165.5165.1165.9635,260
USCancer155.8155.4156.2598,038
USUnintentional Injury47.447.247.6161,374
USStroke37.337.137.5142,142
USCLRD40.640.440.8154,596
USAlzheimer's Disease30.330.130.5116,103
USDiabetes21.020.921.280,058
USSepticemia10.710.610.840,613
USKidney Disease13.113.013.350,046
USInfluenza and Pneumonia13.513.413.651,537
NJHeart Disease164.7162.0167.418,598
NJCancer149.7147.2152.216,377
NJUnintentional Injury40.839.542.13,840
NJStroke30.429.231.53,401
NJCLRD27.926.829.03,065
NJAlzheimer's Disease21.120.122.02,435
NJDiabetes17.816.918.71,949
NJSepticemia17.616.718.41,925
NJKidney Disease13.813.014.61,535
NJInfluenza and Pneumonia10.710.011.41,208

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics Reports, NCHS, CDC
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Leading Causes of Death: Percentages by County of Residence, New Jersey, 2016

Leading Causes of DeathCountyPercent of DeathsNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 46
Heart DiseaseAtlantic26.9%#17422,757
Heart DiseaseBergen25.8%#11,8437,149
Heart DiseaseBurlington23.8%#19974,181
Heart DiseaseCamden23.2%#11,0944,720
Heart DiseaseCape May29.0%#13711,279
Heart DiseaseCumberland23.5%#13581,525
Heart DiseaseEssex24.4%#11,4625,988
Heart DiseaseGloucester24.1%#16362,639
Heart DiseaseHudson24.5%#19113,713
Heart DiseaseHunterdon24.0%#2221919
Heart DiseaseMercer24.2%#17162,958
Heart DiseaseMiddlesex25.2%#11,5115,990
Heart DiseaseMonmouth25.5%#11,3825,426
Heart DiseaseMorris25.1%#19463,773
Heart DiseaseOcean29.5%#12,1437,267
Heart DiseasePassaic25.1%#19143,648
Heart DiseaseSalem27.0%#1208770
Heart DiseaseSomerset23.9%#15642,356
Heart DiseaseSussex23.9%#22891,209
Heart DiseaseUnion25.7%#11,0153,948
Heart DiseaseWarren27.5%#12751,000
Heart DiseaseNew Jersey25.4%#118,59873,217
Heart DiseaseUnited States23.1%#1635,2602,744,248
CancerAtlantic21.6%#25952,757
CancerBergen23.9%#21,7067,149
CancerBurlington23.3%#29744,181
CancerCamden21.1%#29984,720
CancerCape May22.8%#22921,279
CancerCumberland22.6%#23441,525
CancerEssex21.3%#21,2785,988
CancerGloucester23.8%#26282,639
CancerHudson22.1%#28193,713
CancerHunterdon25.4%#1233919
CancerMercer23.2%#26862,958
CancerMiddlesex21.8%#21,3035,990
CancerMonmouth21.0%#21,1405,426
CancerMorris23.2%#28773,773
CancerOcean21.7%#21,5757,267
CancerPassaic21.8%#27953,648
CancerSalem23.6%#2182770
CancerSomerset22.2%#25232,356
CancerSussex24.1%#12911,209
CancerUnion23.0%#29083,948
CancerWarren23.0%#22301,000
CancerNew Jersey22.4%#216,37773,217
CancerUnited States21.8%#2598,0382,744,248

Data Notes

In the data table, #1 = leading cause of death and #2 = 2nd leading cause of death.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]

References and Community Resources

U.S. Statistics, Data, and Related Documentation are available from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics on these websites: National Vital Statistics System: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss.htm http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss.htm] Mortality Data: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm] Datasets and Related Documentation for Mortality Data: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/mortality_methods.htm http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/mortality_methods.htm] Instruction Manuals: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/instruction_manuals.htm http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/instruction_manuals.htm]

Page Content Updated On 02/15/2019, Published on 02/15/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 23 March 2019 3:30:52 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: no date