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Complete Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries

Definition

Deaths with motor vehicle-related injury as the underlying cause of death. Motor vehicle-related deaths include motor vehicle and motorcycle drivers and passengers, pedestrians, and bicyclists struck by motor vehicles both on roadways in traffic and in other areas such as parking lots and driveways. ICD-10 codes: V02-V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12-V14, V19.0-V19.2, V19.4-V19.6, V20-V79, V80.3-V80.5, V81.0-V81.1, V82.0-V82.1, V83-V86, V87.0-V87.8, V88.0-V88.8, V89.0, V89.2

Numerator

Number of deaths due to motor vehicle-related injuries

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

Motor vehicle crashes are the 2nd leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States and in New Jersey. Each year there are more than 270,000 motor vehicle crashes in New Jersey and nearly one-quarter of crashes result in injuries.[https://www.state.nj.us/transportation/refdata/accident/crash_statistics.shtm ^1^]

Healthy People Objective: Reduce motor vehicle crash-related deaths: Deaths per 100,000 population

U.S. Target: 12.4 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 7.1 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective IVP-5''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to motor vehicle-related injuries per 100,000 standard population to 5.8 among the total population, 5.4 among Whites, 7.7 among Blacks, 5.9 among Hispanics, and 3.2 among Asians. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective IVP-5''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to motor vehicle-related injuries per 100,000 standard population to 7.1 among the total population, 6.8 among Whites, 9.6 among Blacks, 8.2 among Hispanics, and 3.6 among Asians.

How Are We Doing?

Death rates due to motor vehicle-related injuries are on a slow downward trend in New Jersey and the United States dating back to the early 1990's. Rates do not vary much by race/ethnicity but they are very different for males and females with the rate among males 2.5 times that of females. Seventy percent of motor vehicle-related fatalities are among males. County rates vary from 4.0 per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) in Bergen County to 16.7 in Cumberland (2014-2016 data).

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The New Jersey motor vehicle-related mortality rate is about half that of the nation as a whole.

What Is Being Done?

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's "[http://www.nhtsa.gov/CIOT Click It or Ticket]" campaign is the most successful seat belt enforcement campaign ever, helping achieve an all-time high national seat belt usage rate of 90 percent.[https://www.nhtsa.gov/risky-driving/seat-belts ^2^] New Jersey's laws to protect drivers, passengers, bicyclists, and pedestrians are among the most stringent in the nation. All states require child safety seats for infants and children fitting specific criteria and nearly all states require booster seats or other appropriate devices for children who have outgrown their child safety seats but are still too small to use an adult seat belt safely. However, New Jersey is one of only 5 states that require the use of [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/childsafety_laws.html seat belts on school buses]. New Jersey is one of only 8 states (plus D.C.) that does not allow [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/license_laws.html full driving privileges until the age of 18] and it is the only state that requires drivers younger than 21 without full-privilege licenses to display a decal on their vehicle identifying them as new drivers. All states except Utah define [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/impaired_laws.html drunk driving] as operating a vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 or higher. New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island have increased penalties if the driver's BAC is 0.10 or higher. Increased penalties (if any) in other states are not levied unless the driver's BAC is 0.15 or higher. New Jersey is one of 16 states (plus D.C.) with primary hand-held [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/cellphone_laws.html cell phone bans], was one of the first states to enact universal [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/helmet_laws.html motorcycle helmet laws], and is one of 5 states that require all bicyclists under 17 years of age to wear a [http://www.ghsa.org/state-laws/issues/Bicyclists-and-Pedestrians bike helmet].

Available Services

Free Safety Checks for Infant and Child Car Seats: [http://www.state.nj.us/oag/hts/childseats/childseatchecks.html]

Health Program Information

NJ Division of Highway Traffic Safety: [http://www.nj.gov/oag/hts/index.html] New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission, Graduated Driver License (GDL) program: [https://www.state.nj.us/mvc/license/initiallicense.htm]


Related Indicators

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2016 (HNJ2020)

US/NJYearRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 34
US200015.415.215.543,354
US200115.315.215.543,788
US200215.715.615.845,380
US200315.315.215.544,757
US200415.215.115.444,933
US200515.215.115.345,343
US200615.014.915.245,316
US200714.414.314.643,945
US200812.912.813.039,790
US200911.611.511.836,216
US201011.311.111.435,332
US201111.111.011.235,303
US201211.411.211.536,415
US201310.910.811.035,369
US201410.810.710.935,398
US201511.411.311.537,757
US201612.112.012.340,327
NJ20009.28.69.8773
NJ20019.08.49.6758
NJ20029.28.69.9788
NJ20039.28.69.9789
NJ20049.08.49.6774
NJ20058.88.29.4762
NJ20069.08.39.6774
NJ20078.37.78.9720
NJ20086.76.27.3585
NJ20096.56.07.1575
NJ20106.56.07.1582
NJ20117.46.98.0672
NJ20127.16.57.6645
NJ20136.15.66.6564
NJ20146.25.66.7574
NJ20156.45.86.9591
NJ20166.86.27.3628

Data Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective IVP-5.

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries by Year and Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2000-2016 (HNJ2020)

Race/EthnicityYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 68
White20009.38.510.1539
White20018.67.89.4488
White20029.28.410.0531
White20039.18.39.9515
White20049.38.510.1524
White20059.28.410.0517
White20069.38.510.1516
White20077.87.08.5439
White20086.76.07.4368
White20096.86.17.5389
White20107.06.37.8391
White20117.56.88.3412
White20127.46.78.2414
White20136.15.46.8339
White20146.25.56.9347
White20156.05.46.7337
White20166.96.27.6372
Black200011.29.213.1123
Black200111.09.113.0122
Black200210.28.312.0114
Black200312.410.414.5138
Black20049.98.011.7111
Black200510.88.912.8121
Black20069.98.111.8114
Black200711.59.513.4130
Black20088.66.810.296
Black20096.04.67.468
Black20106.55.08.074
Black20119.47.611.2107
Black20127.45.89.088
Black20136.95.48.481
Black20147.35.88.986
Black20158.56.810.2102
Black20168.66.910.3102
Hispanic20008.26.59.994
Hispanic200111.29.313.1124
Hispanic20029.27.510.9103
Hispanic20038.06.49.6103
Hispanic20048.36.79.9105
Hispanic20056.24.97.678
Hispanic20067.86.39.3111
Hispanic20079.17.510.7116
Hispanic20087.15.78.593
Hispanic20096.04.77.286
Hispanic20105.03.96.180
Hispanic20116.85.68.1109
Hispanic20127.05.88.3105
Hispanic20136.35.17.5105
Hispanic20145.54.46.692
Hispanic20156.65.47.8109
Hispanic20166.55.37.7114
Asian2000**2.05.515
Asian2001**1.64.717
Asian20027.14.99.428
Asian20036.44.38.527
Asian20044.42.76.124
Asian20056.84.78.840
Asian20064.63.06.324
Asian20075.13.46.825
Asian2008**1.54.016
Asian20094.52.96.125
Asian20103.52.24.923
Asian20114.83.26.326
Asian20123.11.94.323
Asian20134.63.16.132
Asian20144.12.75.530
Asian20153.52.24.728
Asian2016**0.92.816

Data Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective IVP-5. Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes all races. ** Too few deaths to calculate a reliable rate.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2016

Race/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 6
White6.96.27.6372
Black8.66.910.3102
Hispanic6.55.37.7114
Asian**0.92.816
New Jersey6.86.27.3628
United States12.112.012.340,327

Data Notes

** Number of deaths is too small to calculate a reliable rate.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries by Year and Sex, New Jersey, 2000-2016

SexYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 34
Male200013.412.214.5525
Male200113.712.614.8547
Male200214.413.215.5576
Male200313.812.715.0564
Male200412.911.814.0531
Male200512.011.013.1499
Male200613.012.014.1539
Male200711.810.712.8490
Male200810.09.111.0422
Male20099.68.710.6405
Male20109.58.610.4402
Male201111.110.112.1481
Male201210.19.211.1444
Male20139.58.510.4416
Male20149.08.19.9402
Male20159.28.310.1411
Male20169.88.810.7434
Female20005.54.86.2248
Female20014.64.05.3211
Female20024.63.95.2212
Female20034.94.35.6225
Female20045.34.66.0243
Female20055.85.16.5263
Female20065.14.55.8235
Female20075.04.35.7230
Female20083.53.04.1163
Female20093.63.14.2170
Female20103.83.24.3180
Female20114.03.44.6191
Female20124.13.54.7201
Female20133.02.53.5148
Female20143.52.94.0172
Female20153.73.24.3180
Female20164.03.44.5194

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries by County, New Jersey, 2014-2016

CountyDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 23
Atlantic10.98.713.2
Bergen4.03.24.7
Burlington8.77.110.3
Camden8.57.010.0
Cape May14.09.618.3
Cumberland16.713.020.4
Essex5.74.76.6
Gloucester9.57.511.6
Hudson4.33.45.2
Hunterdon6.43.88.9
Mercer6.65.18.2
Middlesex4.63.85.5
Monmouth6.75.67.9
Morris4.23.25.2
Ocean7.66.38.9
Passaic6.24.97.4
Salem15.510.021.1
Somerset5.33.96.7
Sussex6.74.39.2
Union5.64.56.8
Warren8.55.311.7
New Jersey6.46.16.7
United States11.511.411.5

Data Notes

County is the decedent's county of residence, not the county where the injury occurred.

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]

References and Community Resources

1. NJ Department of Transportation Crash Record Summaries: [http://www.state.nj.us/transportation/refdata/accident/crash_data.shtm] (site accessed 6/28/18) 2. US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Seat Belts: [https://www.nhtsa.gov/risky-driving/seat-belts] (site accessed 6/28/18) NJ's Key Highway Safety Laws: [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/bystate/nj.html]

Page Content Updated On 08/14/2018, Published on 08/14/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 19 April 2019 17:03:37 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: no date