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Complete Health Indicator Report of Heart Attack (Acute Myocardial Infarction) Hospitalizations

Definition

Number or rate of hospitalizations due to acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) in a geographic area in a period of time (primary diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, defined by ICD-9 codes 410.00-410.92 for January 2000 through September 2015, and ICD-10 codes I21 and I22 for the last quarter of 2015 and beyond)

Numerator

Number of inpatient hospitalizations due to acute myocardial infarction occurring among residents aged 35 and older within a geographic area in a period of time

Denominator

For rates, estimated population of a specified age within a specified geographic area using mid-year population estimates

Why Is This Important?

A heart attack (acute myocardial infarction) occurs because of coronary heart disease, which is the narrowing of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. When the blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted or blocked, the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen. This can result in chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, palpitations, sweating and anxiety. Risk factors for coronary heart disease include: high levels of low-density lipoprotein ("bad cholesterol") and triglycerides in the blood; high blood pressure; diabetes; a diet high in saturated fat; physical inactivity; obesity; and excessive alcohol use. Recent research has shown that fine particulate matter air pollution can increase the risk of heart attacks.

How Are We Doing?

According the the CDC, cardiovascular disease, listed as an underlying cause of death, accounts for nearly 801,000 deaths in the US. That's about 1 of every 3 deaths in the US. Nationally, about 2,200 Americans die of cardiovascular disease each day, an average of 1 death every 40 seconds. The American Heart Association reports the estimated annual incidence of heart attack in the US is 580,000 new attacks and 210,000 recurrent attacks. Average age at the first heart attack is 65.3 years for males and 71.8 years for females. From 2004 to 2019, the annual death rate attributable to coronary heart disease has steadily declined. Progress in reducing heart disease death rates may be attributed to changes in behaviors to reduce risk factors, improved medical management, and advances in medical treatment. Inpatient hospitalization rates for heart attack do not reflect the total burden of illness due to heart disease, since some people die of a coronary event in an emergency department or without being hospitalized. However, since heart attack inpatient hospitalization has been associated with fine particulate matter air pollution, this has been selected as an indicator for Environmental Public Health Tracking. In New Jersey, the age-adjusted hospitalization rate for acute myocardial infarction among adults 35 years and older has been slowly decreasing since 2002.

Available Services

In order to provide information on hospitals and their services, the New Jersey Department of Health makes available an annual hospital performance report. Information related to the treatment of heart attacks may be viewed at: [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/documents/cardconsumer16.pdf]


Related Indicators

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Hospitalizations Due to Heart Attack for Residents 35 Years of Age and Older, Annual Age-Adjusted Rate in New Jersey by Year, 2000-2019

YearRate per 10,000 ResidentsNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
200051.0722,9864,477,468
200149.5622,6034,542,902
200250.0323,1664,604,132
200349.7723,3104,655,003
200443.4520,6334,700,567
200540.2619,3644,745,076
200638.3718,6444,786,791
200736.2717,8014,774,648
200837.2018,4344,762,763
200935.5717,8844,795,438
201034.7417,8454,837,217
201133.6617,5944,887,333
201233.5617,9154,919,666
201332.7017,6824,949,956
201432.9217,9704,980,506
201532.6218,0795,011,198
201633.3018,6735,010,910
201731.5318,0485,068,335
201829.3216,8175,033,032
201928.3416,5085,037,700

Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 population.

Data Sources

  • Office of Health Care Quality and Assessment, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/]
  • U.S. Census Bureau


Hospitalizations Due to Heart Attack, Annual Age-Adjusted Rate in New Jersey for Residents 35-64 Years of Age, 2000-2019

YearRate per 10,000 ResidentsNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
200024.258,1103,362,721
200123.097,9173,426,592
200223.498,3103,485,608
200322.438,1553,533,129
200420.037,4573,577,432
200518.066,8813,619,912
200618.157,0653,659,049
200716.986,6863,639,421
200817.246,8263,607,006
200916.946,8133,622,414
201016.256,7413,646,741
201115.866,7293,678,943
201214.986,4043,669,105
201315.036,4613,667,570
201416.056,9173,667,003
201516.087,0223,667,572
201616.357,1643,638,298
201716.097,0183,649,732
201815.286,5923,594,505
201915.166,5173,562,165

Data Sources

  • Office of Health Care Quality and Assessment, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/]
  • U.S. Census Bureau


Hospitalizations Due to Heart Attack, Annual Age-Adjusted Rate in New Jersey by Year for Residents 65 Years of Age and Older, 2000-2019

YearRate per 10,000 ResidentsNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
2000132.7214,8761,114,747
2001130.1414,6861,116,310
2002130.8114,8561,118,524
2003133.0015,1551,121,874
2004114.7413,1761,123,135
2005107.8312,4831,125,164
200699.9111,5791,127,742
200794.9811,1151,135,227
200897.9611,6081,155,757
200992.2811,0711,173,024
201090.9911,1041,190,476
2011136.1017,5941,208,390
2012135.7117,9151,250,561
2013132.2517,6821,282,386
201484.2711,0531,313,503
201582.9611,0571,343,626
201684.8911,5091,372,612
201778.5411,0301,418,603
201872.0410,2251,438,527
201968.459,9911,475,535

Data Sources

  • Office of Health Care Quality and Assessment, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/]
  • U.S. Census Bureau


Hospitalizations Due to Heart Attack Age-Adjusted Rate by County for Residents 35 Years of Age and Older, 2019

CountyRate per 10,000 ResidentsNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 22
Atlantic29.56551152,832
Bergen22.391,476553,611
Burlington28.27857260,228
Camden30.15971280,219
Cape May22.3118259,732
Cumberland67.8861680,688
Essex26.191,195429,929
Gloucester25.56479166,751
Hudson32.571,124341,689
Hunterdon17.0616678,509
Mercer32.42745202,470
Middlesex27.931,417460,942
Monmouth30.821,360370,666
Morris21.31747293,189
Ocean39.061,876349,362
Passaic30.79919266,619
Salem27.2112336,692
Somerset19.15422194,497
Sussex35.8235086,167
Union21.19727308,780
Warren26.5620564,128
New Jersey28.3416,5085,037,700

Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 population.

Data Sources

  • Office of Health Care Quality and Assessment, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/]
  • U.S. Census Bureau


Hospitalizations Due to Heart Attack, Monthly Counts for Individuals 35 Years of Age and Older, 2015-2019

YearMonths of the YearNumber of Monthly Hospitalizations
Record Count: 60
2015January1,582
2015February1,407
2015March1,612
2015April1,519
2015May1,534
2015June1,454
2015July1,465
2015August1,509
2015September1,518
2015October1,555
2015November1,560
2015December1,364
2016January1,654
2016February1,493
2016March1,668
2016April1,495
2016May1,601
2016June1,482
2016July1,488
2016August1,489
2016September1,443
2016October1,624
2016November1,548
2016December1,688
2017January1,671
2017February1,478
2017March1,641
2017April1,544
2017May1,543
2017June1,530
2017July1,417
2017August1,440
2017September1,416
2017October1,375
2017November1,487
2017December1,506
2018January1,570
2018February1,354
2018March1,512
2018April1,346
2018May1,415
2018June1,338
2018July1,354
2018August1,399
2018September1,294
2018October1,422
2018November1,400
2018December1,413
2019January1,430
2019February1,360
2019March1,435
2019April1,351
2019May1,491
2019June1,322
2019July1,367
2019August1,265
2019September1,331
2019October1,376
2019November1,335
2019December1,445

Data Source

Office of Health Care Quality and Assessment, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/]

References and Community Resources

To prevent heart disease, people should prevent and control high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Since tobacco smoking increases the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease, quitting smoking will lower the risk of heart attack. People should also maintain a healthy weight, eat an overall healthy diet, and exercise regularly. Alcohol should only be used in moderation. For additionial information on heart disease and stroke, see: [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/hnj2020/chronic/heartdiseasestroke/] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: [http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/index.htm]

Page Content Updated On 11/02/2020, Published on 11/05/2020
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 28 November 2020 21:08:07 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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