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Complete Health Indicator Report of Tobacco Use During Pregnancy

Definition

Self-reported use of any tobacco product by the mother during pregnancy

Numerator

Number of live births whose mothers used any tobacco product

Denominator

Total number of live births

Data Interpretation Issues

Tobacco use during pregnancy is self-reported and, thus, assumed to be under-reported to some degree.

Why Is This Important?

Use of tobacco products during pregnancy is associated with poor birth outcomes.

Healthy People Objective: Increase abstinence from alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs among pregnant women: Cigarette smoking

U.S. Target: 98.6 percent

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-5''': Decrease use of tobacco among pregnant women to 3.4% for the total population, 4.5% among Whites, 5.6% among Blacks, 1.8% among Hispanics, and 0.28% among Asians. '''Previous Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-5''': Decrease use of tobacco among pregnant women to 4.2% for the total population, 5.4% among Whites, 6.9% among Blacks, 2.4% among Hispanics, and 0.5% among Asians. ''All targets have been met.'' '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-5''': Increase abstinence from cigarette smoking among pregnant women to 94.8% for the total and White populations, 92.1% among Blacks, 96.8% among Hispanics, and 99.3% among Asians and Pacific Islanders.

How Are We Doing?

Tobacco use during pregnancy increases the likelihood of delivering preterm (< 37 weeks gestation), at low birth weight (< 2500 g), and at very low birth weight (< 1500 g). The average birth weight of infants whose mothers used tobacco during pregnancy is significantly lower at 3,066 grams compared to 3,266 grams for those who abstained. Tobacco use during pregnancy is much more prevalent in southernmost New Jersey than in the rest of the state. It is also much more likely among Black and White women than among Asian and Hispanic women.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The smoking rate among New Jersey mothers is about half the nationwide rate.

What Is Being Done?

[http://momsquit.com/ Mom's Quit Connection] (MQC) helps pregnant and postpartum women as well as their families by providing free, one-on-one counseling for those who want to quit smoking to protect their children from exposure to harmful tobacco smoke. MQC is a program of Family Health Initiatives funded by the NJ Department of Health.

Available Services

Mom's Quit Connection for Families: [http://momsquit.com/]

Health Program Information

Tobacco-Free for a Healthy New Jersey: [http://www.tobaccofreenj.com/] NJDOH Office of Tobacco Control, Nutrition and Fitness: [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/tobacco/] NJDOH Maternal and Child Health Services: [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/]


Related Indicators

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Tobacco Use During Pregnancy by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2000-2017 (HNJ2020)

Race/EthnicityYearPercentage of Live BirthsNumer- ator
Record Count: 90
White200011.2%6,938
White200110.8%6,585
White200210.2%6,078
White20039.4%5,582
White20049.7%5,514
White20059.3%5,147
White20068.5%4,653
White20078.4%4,473
White20088.2%4,169
White20097.8%3,826
White20107.0%3,475
White20117.0%3,414
White20126.8%3,208
White20136.8%3,192
White20147.2%3,350
White20156.0%2,720
White20165.0%2,283
White20174.7%2,127
Black200013.6%2,535
Black200112.6%2,317
Black200211.9%2,097
Black200311.2%1,939
Black200411.5%1,898
Black200511.1%1,819
Black200610.4%1,775
Black20079.4%1,631
Black20089.1%1,527
Black20099.4%1,538
Black20108.9%1,423
Black20118.4%1,303
Black20128.5%1,338
Black20138.8%1,326
Black20149.3%1,375
Black20157.7%1,090
Black20166.2%848
Black20175.9%795
Hispanic20005.9%1,291
Hispanic20015.1%1,191
Hispanic20024.9%1,190
Hispanic20034.6%1,201
Hispanic20044.6%1,230
Hispanic20054.4%1,208
Hispanic20064.2%1,212
Hispanic20073.6%1,062
Hispanic20083.6%1,037
Hispanic20093.4%959
Hispanic20103.4%949
Hispanic20113.3%932
Hispanic20123.2%887
Hispanic20133.4%922
Hispanic20143.9%1,055
Hispanic20152.7%745
Hispanic20162.1%573
Hispanic20172.2%585
Asian20001.3%118
Asian20011.2%115
Asian20021.2%118
Asian20031.0%105
Asian20041.1%111
Asian20050.9%96
Asian20060.9%98
Asian20070.9%99
Asian20080.9%105
Asian20090.7%77
Asian20100.6%75
Asian20110.6%72
Asian20120.7%79
Asian20130.9%101
Asian20141.1%129
Asian20150.6%64
Asian20160.3%37
Asian20170.2%24
Total20009.5%10,990
Total20018.9%10,326
Total20028.3%9,556
Total20037.6%8,906
Total20047.7%8,819
Total20057.3%8,346
Total20066.8%7,821
Total20076.3%7,352
Total20086.2%6,926
Total20095.9%6,508
Total20105.6%6,012
Total20115.5%5,822
Total20125.4%5,611
Total20135.5%5,671
Total20145.9%6,051
Total20154.7%4,816
Total20163.8%3,933
Total20173.6%3,673

Data Notes

This is revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective MCH-5. Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. New York City did not report race and ethnicity for births to New Jersey residents that occurred in NYC prior to 2010. Therefore, data by race/ethnicity for 2000-2009 is not directly comparable to data for 2010 and later.

Data Source

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health


Tobacco Use During Pregnancy by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2017

Race/EthnicityPercentage of Live Births
Record Count: 6
White4.7%
Black5.9%
Hispanic2.2%
Asian0.2%
New Jersey3.6%
United States6.9%

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Natality public-use data. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/natality.html]


Tobacco Use During Pregnancy by Birth Outcome, New Jersey, 2017

Tobacco Use During PregnancyBirth OutcomePercentage of Live BirthsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 6
UsedPreterm15.0%13.9%16.2%
UsedLow Birthweight14.8%13.7%16.0%
UsedVery Low Birthweight2.6%2.2%3.2%
AbstainedPreterm9.3%9.1%9.4%
AbstainedLow Birthweight7.7%7.5%7.9%
AbstainedVery Low Birthweight1.3%1.2%1.4%

Data Notes

Preterm is < 37 weeks gestational age. Low Birthweight is < 2500 grams. Very Low Birthweight is < 1500 grams.

Data Source

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health


Tobacco Use During Pregnancy by County of Residence, New Jersey, 2017

CountyPercentage of Live Births
Record Count: 23
Atlantic9.4%
Bergen1.2%
Burlington7.4%
Camden7.4%
Cape May14.9%
Cumberland12.1%
Essex2.6%
Gloucester8.6%
Hudson1.4%
Hunterdon3.4%
Mercer3.9%
Middlesex1.9%
Monmouth3.4%
Morris1.6%
Ocean4.0%
Passaic2.2%
Salem13.9%
Somerset2.1%
Sussex7.9%
Union1.3%
Warren8.0%
New Jersey3.6%
United States6.9%

Data Source

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health

References and Community Resources

NJ-PRAMS Smoking Cessation Brief: [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/documents/smoking_cessation_relapse_highlight.pdf] Drake P, Driscoll AK, Mathews TJ. [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db305.pdf Cigarette smoking during pregnancy: United States, 2016]. NCHS Data Brief, no 305. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.

Page Content Updated On 05/17/2019, Published on 05/17/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 18 June 2019 10:08:34 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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