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Complete Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Septicemia

Definition

Deaths with septicemia as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: A40-A41

Numerator

Number of deaths due to septicemia

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

Septicemia is an infection that happens when bacteria or other germs enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body. That can trigger sepsis, which is the body's reaction to the infection. Septicemia was the ninth leading cause of death among New Jersey residents and fifteenth in the U.S. in 2020.

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, about 2,000 deaths each year are due to septicemia. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have higher death rates than females. The age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia is significantly higher among Blacks in New Jersey than among other racial/ethnic groups. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 9 in Hunterdon to a high of 23 in Essex.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia is 1.8 times that of the nation as a whole. New Jersey had the second highest age-adjusted septicemia death rate in the US in 2020 [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/sosmap/septicemia_mortality/septicemia.htm ^1^]

What Is Being Done?

In 2017, New Jersey became the third state to mandate sepsis protocols in its hospitals. [https://nj.gov/health/legal/documents/adoption/8_43G-14.9%20Sepsis%20Protocols.pdf ^2^] Under state law, New Jersey hospitals are required to submit uniform data to the New Jersey Department of Health on health care facility-associated infections. The Department reviews and analyzes these data and reports the results in New Jersey's annual [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/health-care-professionals/submit-reporting/hais/index.shtml hospital performance report]. (Note that not all cases of septicemia are acquired in a healthcare setting.)

Data Tables


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Septicemia by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2020

US/NJYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 42
US200011.311.211.431,224
US200111.511.311.632,238
US200211.911.712.033,865
US200311.711.611.934,069
US200411.311.211.533,373
US200511.411.211.534,136
US200611.211.111.334,234
US200711.211.011.334,828
US200811.311.211.435,927
US200911.010.911.135,639
US201010.510.410.734,812
US201110.510.410.635,748
US201210.310.210.435,842
US201310.710.610.838,156
US201410.710.610.838,940
US201511.010.811.140,773
US201610.710.610.840,613
US201710.610.510.740,922
US201810.210.110.340,718
US20199.59.49.638,431
US20209.79.69.840,050
NJ200019.818.820.71,745
NJ200120.519.621.51,831
NJ200222.021.023.01,987
NJ200320.819.821.71,904
NJ200420.619.721.61,904
NJ200520.719.721.61,932
NJ200619.818.920.81,871
NJ200718.217.319.11,733
NJ200818.517.619.41,794
NJ200917.816.918.71,747
NJ201016.515.717.41,660
NJ201116.815.917.61,726
NJ201216.015.216.81,672
NJ201316.916.017.81,785
NJ201416.415.617.31,764
NJ201517.917.018.81,957
NJ201617.516.618.31,925
NJ201716.816.017.71,897
NJ201817.016.117.81,948
NJ201917.116.318.01,983
NJ202017.716.818.62,060

Data Notes

Septicemia refers to the presence of a pathogen in the blood, whereas sepsis is the condition that is caused by the pathogen. In the context of mortality, if the cause of death is septicemia, sepsis is implied.

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Underlying Cause of Death File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [https://wonder.cdc.gov/Deaths-by-Underlying-Cause.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Septicemia by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2020

Race/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 6
White17.115.918.21,399
Black26.423.529.4321
Hispanic14.312.616.0196
Asian10.88.612.989
New Jersey17.716.818.62,060
United States9.79.69.840,050

Data Notes

Septicemia refers to the presence of a pathogen in the blood, whereas sepsis is the condition that is caused by the pathogen. In the context of mortality, if the cause of death is septicemia, sepsis is implied.   Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Septicemia by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Jersey, 2020

SexRace/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 8
MaleWhite20.018.221.8677
MaleBlack28.524.133.0135
MaleHispanic18.615.821.3112
MaleAsian14.410.818.053
FemaleWhite14.913.416.4722
FemaleBlack25.121.129.1186
FemaleHispanic11.08.913.284
FemaleAsian8.05.410.636

Data Notes

Septicemia refers to the presence of a pathogen in the blood, whereas sepsis is the condition that is caused by the pathogen. In the context of mortality, if the cause of death is septicemia, sepsis is implied.   Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Septicemia by County, New Jersey, 2018-2020

CountyDeaths per 100,000 Standardized PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 23
Atlantic15.212.517.9
Bergen11.610.312.9
Burlington14.912.817.0
Camden18.416.320.6
Cape May15.610.920.2
Cumberland16.913.120.7
Essex23.321.425.2
Gloucester19.616.722.6
Hudson19.717.821.6
Hunterdon8.75.811.7
Mercer15.813.518.2
Middlesex19.617.921.4
Monmouth17.215.319.0
Morris13.811.915.6
Ocean19.617.621.6
Passaic19.116.921.3
Salem22.015.328.7
Somerset15.412.917.8
Sussex15.511.819.3
Union19.817.621.9
Warren16.612.221.1
New Jersey17.316.817.8
United States9.89.89.9

Data Notes

Septicemia refers to the presence of a pathogen in the blood, whereas sepsis is the condition that is caused by the pathogen. In the context of mortality, if the cause of death is septicemia, sepsis is implied.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

References and Community Resources

1. Septicemia Mortality by State [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/sosmap/septicemia_mortality/septicemia.htm] 2. Infection Control: Sepsis Protocols [https://nj.gov/health/legal/documents/adoption/8_43G-14.9%20Sepsis%20Protocols.pdf] NJDOH Health Care Quality Assessment: [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/] CDC Sepsis Info: [https://www.cdc.gov/sepsis/index.html] Medline Plus: [https://medlineplus.gov/sepsis.html] Inpatient Care for Septicemia or Sepsis, NCHS Data Brief, No. 62, June 2011: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db62.pdf]

Page Content Updated On 04/29/2022, Published on 04/29/2022
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 15 August 2022 15:27:41 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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