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Complete Health Indicator Report of Tuberculosis Incidence

Definition

Tuberculosis incidence rate per 100,000 population

Numerator

Number of new tuberculosis cases

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

If not treated properly, tuberculosis (TB) disease can be fatal. TB bacteria usually attack the lungs but may attack any part of the body. The bacteria are typically spread through the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat expels tiny airborne particles which people nearby can breathe in and become infected. Early detection and treatment of TB are essential to control the spread of the disease and to prevent outbreaks.[https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/default.htm ^1^]

Healthy People Objective: Reduce tuberculosis (TB)

U.S. Target: 1.0 new cases per 100,000 population
State Target: 3.2 new cases per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TB-1''': Reduce the incidence rate of tuberculosis per 100,000 population to 3.2 among the total population, 0.4 among Whites, 3.8 among Blacks, 5.4 among Hispanics, and 13.3 among Asians. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TB-1''': Reduce the incidence rate of tuberculosis per 100,000 population to 3.5 among the total population. ''The NJDOH Tuberculosis Control Program does not have funding or personnel for targeted interventions. Because the effectiveness of non-existent interventions can not be determined, there are no targets by race/ethnicity.''

How Are We Doing?

The incidence of TB has been generally declining in New Jersey since 1992, the peak year of TB resurgence in the US,^2^ and the Healthy New Jersey 2020 target has been met. The TB incidence rate is highest among Asians, followed by Hispanics, Blacks, and Whites. The Asian rate is triple the rates among Hispanics and Blacks. The majority of cases among Asians and Hispanics are foreign-born.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The TB incidence rate in New Jersey was 14% above the U.S. rate in 2016 and New Jersey is one of only eight states reporting an incidence rate above the national rate.^2^

What Is Being Done?

The [http://www.state.nj.us/health/hivstdtb/tb/ Tuberculosis Control Program] supports TB ambulatory care activities (clinical evaluation, treatment, prevention and epidemiology) at the county, municipal, and institutional level through the provision of health service grant funds, staff, medication, consultation, and education. The program also collaborates closely with the [http://globaltb.njms.rutgers.edu/ New Jersey Medical School's Global TB Institute] at Rutgers University to provide training.

Health Program Information

[http://www.state.nj.us/health/hivstdtb/tb/ NJDOH Tuberculosis Control Program]


Related Indicators

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:



Data Tables


Tuberculosis Incidence Rate per 100,000 Population, by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2018 (HNJ2020)

US/NJYearNumber of Cases per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 38
US20005.8
US20015.6
US20025.2
US20035.1
US20045.0
US20054.8
US20064.6
US20074.4
US20084.2
US20093.8
US20103.6
US20113.4
US20123.2
US20133.0
US20142.9
US20153.0
US20162.9
US20172.8
US20182.8
NJ20006.7
NJ20016.2
NJ20026.2
NJ20035.7
NJ20045.6
NJ20055.7
NJ20065.8
NJ20075.4
NJ20084.9
NJ20094.7
NJ20104.6
NJ20113.7
NJ20123.4
NJ20133.6
NJ20143.4
NJ20153.6
NJ20163.3
NJ20173.1
NJ20183.2

Data Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective TB-1.

Data Sources

  • National TB Surveillance System (TB), CDC/NCHHSTP, [https://www.cdc.gov/tb/statistics/tbcases.htm]
  • Tuberculosis Information Management System, Tuberculosis Control Program, Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/hivstdtb/tb/]


Tuberculosis Incidence Rate per 100,000 Population, by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2000-2018 (HNJ2020)

Race/EthnicityYearNumber of Cases per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 76
White20001.5
White20011.1
White20021.4
White20031.1
White20040.7
White20051.3
White20061.3
White20071.1
White20080.9
White20090.8
White20100.8
White20110.8
White20120.6
White20130.7
White20140.5
White20150.5
White20160.4
White20170.5
White20180.4
Black200012.9
Black200111.6
Black200212.6
Black20039.1
Black20048.9
Black20059.3
Black20067.0
Black20075.7
Black20085.2
Black20095.6
Black20107.6
Black20116.3
Black20124.2
Black20134.8
Black20143.8
Black20154.2
Black20164.3
Black20173.7
Black20183.9
Hispanic200010.3
Hispanic200112.3
Hispanic200212.5
Hispanic200313.3
Hispanic200413.3
Hispanic200511.0
Hispanic200612.4
Hispanic200711.9
Hispanic20089.0
Hispanic20098.8
Hispanic20107.9
Hispanic20116.6
Hispanic20126.8
Hispanic20136.5
Hispanic20146.0
Hispanic20156.0
Hispanic20165.6
Hispanic20174.1
Hispanic20184.8
Asian200030.2
Asian200127.6
Asian200221.7
Asian200323.5
Asian200425.3
Asian200523.8
Asian200623.8
Asian200724.7
Asian200825.5
Asian200922.0
Asian201021.3
Asian201115.1
Asian201218.9
Asian201315.2
Asian201416.6
Asian201517.3
Asian201614.8
Asian201717.4
Asian201817.0

Data Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective TB-1. Data for Whites, Blacks, and Asians do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes all races.

Data Source

Tuberculosis Information Management System, Tuberculosis Control Program, Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/hivstdtb/tb/]


Tuberculosis Incidence Rate per 100,000 Population by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2018

Race/EthnicityNumber of Cases per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 6
White0.4
Black3.9
Hispanic4.8
Asian17.0
New Jersey3.2
United States2.8

Data Notes

Data for Whites, Blacks, and Asians do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes all races.

Data Sources

  • National TB Surveillance System (TB), CDC/NCHHSTP, [https://www.cdc.gov/tb/statistics/tbcases.htm]
  • Tuberculosis Information Management System, Tuberculosis Control Program, Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/hivstdtb/tb/]


Tuberculosis Incidence by Birthplace and Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2012-2016

Race/EthnicityPercent of TB Cases Who Were Foreign-born
Record Count: 5
White36.8%
Black33.9%
Hispanic90.5%
Asian98.1%
New Jersey81.6%

Data Source

Tuberculosis Information Management System, Tuberculosis Control Program, Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/hivstdtb/tb/]

References and Community Resources

1. [https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/default.htm] 2. NJDOH Tuberculosis Elimination and Laboratory Cooperative Agreement CDC-RFA-PS15-150104CONT18. Aug 31, 2017. CDC Tuberculosis Info: [http://www.cdc.gov/tb/ http://www.cdc.gov/tb/]

Page Content Updated On 03/04/2020, Published on 03/04/2020
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 04 December 2020 15:17:03 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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