Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Complete Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Unintentional Injury

Definition

Deaths with unintentional injury as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: V01-X59, Y85-Y86 Unintentional injuries are commonly referred to as accidents and include poisonings (drugs, alcohol, fumes, pesticides, etc.), motor vehicle crashes, falls, fire, drowning, suffocation, and any other external cause of death.

Numerator

Number of deaths due to unintentional injury

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

Unintentional injury is the leading cause of deaths among persons aged 1-44 years and the third leading cause among all ages combined. Unintentional injuries are, for the most part, preventable.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce unintentional injury deaths

U.S. Target: 36.4 deaths per 100,000 population

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, nearly 4,000 deaths were due to unintentional injuries in 2016. These include poisonings, motor vehicle-related fatalities, falls, suffocation, drowning, fire and smoke-related injuries, and others. The age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury had been increasing in recent years with a rise in unintentional poisonings. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have much higher death rates than females. In New Jersey, the age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury is highest among White males followed by Black males. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 26 in Bergen to a high of 71 in Cape May.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury is 14% below the U.S. rate but the gap is closing due to the opioid crisis. New Jersey's stringent helmet laws and laws related to motor vehicle safety likely contribute to the state's continued lower death rate overall. The state's dense population also allows most residents to be in close proximity to hospitals that offer high quality trauma treatment.

Available Services

Poison Control: [http://www.njpies.org/] or 1-800-222-1222 Child Safety Seat Check Events: [http://www.nj.gov/oag/hts/childseats/childseatchecks.html] Fall Prevention: [http://nj.gov/humanservices/doas/services/fallprev/index.html]


Related Indicators

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2016

US/NJYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 34
US200034.934.735.297,900
US200135.735.535.9101,537
US200237.136.937.4106,742
US200337.637.437.8109,277
US200438.137.838.3112,012
US200539.539.339.7117,809
US200640.240.040.5121,599
US200740.440.140.6123,706
US200839.239.039.5121,902
US200937.537.337.7118,021
US201038.037.838.2120,859
US201139.138.939.4126,438
US201239.038.839.3127,792
US201339.439.239.6130,557
US201440.540.340.7136,053
US201543.243.043.4146,571
US201647.447.247.7161,374
NJ200026.725.627.82,291
NJ200128.026.829.12,411
NJ200229.928.831.12,604
NJ200327.126.028.22,377
NJ200426.425.327.52,331
NJ200528.927.830.02,567
NJ200629.228.130.42,596
NJ200727.126.028.22,427
NJ200826.925.828.02,437
NJ200926.425.427.52,421
NJ201026.725.627.82,491
NJ201128.627.529.72,688
NJ201231.730.532.82,991
NJ201331.830.632.93,029
NJ201430.929.832.12,970
NJ201533.732.534.93,219
NJ201640.839.542.13,840

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2016

Race/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 6
White50.548.552.52,702
Black42.038.245.7507
Hispanic29.226.731.7489
Asian9.87.711.872
New Jersey40.839.542.13,840
United States47.447.247.7161,374

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Jersey, 2016

SexRace/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 8
MaleWhite71.668.274.91,755
MaleBlack62.355.768.9342
MaleHispanic45.541.149.9380
MaleAsian13.29.716.648
FemaleWhite29.827.732.0947
FemaleBlack25.221.229.2165
FemaleHispanic13.411.015.8109
FemaleAsian6.54.28.924

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Year and Cause, New Jersey, 2000-2016

Injury TypeYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 51
Poisoning20006.25.66.7527
Poisoning20016.76.17.2577
Poisoning20028.17.58.7704
Poisoning20037.26.67.8623
Poisoning20046.05.56.5520
Poisoning20058.47.89.0730
Poisoning20068.88.19.4759
Poisoning20077.77.18.3662
Poisoning20088.07.48.6707
Poisoning20098.57.99.1740
Poisoning20109.38.79.9822
Poisoning201110.810.111.5971
Poisoning201212.912.213.61,146
Poisoning201314.013.214.81,252
Poisoning201413.412.714.21,192
Poisoning201516.015.116.81,406
Poisoning201622.921.923.92,015
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20009.28.69.8773
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20019.08.49.6758
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20029.28.69.9788
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20039.28.69.9789
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20049.08.49.6774
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20058.88.29.4762
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20069.08.39.6774
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20078.37.78.9720
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20086.76.27.3585
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20096.56.07.1575
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20106.56.07.1582
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20117.46.98.0672
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20127.16.57.6645
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20136.15.66.6564
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20146.25.66.7574
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20156.45.86.9591
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20166.86.27.3628
Fall20002.82.53.2248
Fall20013.02.63.4266
Fall20023.22.83.6287
Fall20033.02.63.4271
Fall20043.93.54.3359
Fall20054.13.74.5380
Fall20064.03.64.5379
Fall20073.93.54.4375
Fall20084.23.84.7408
Fall20094.03.64.4391
Fall20104.03.64.5410
Fall20113.83.44.2386
Fall20124.94.45.3503
Fall20134.54.15.0479
Fall20144.84.35.2512
Fall20154.84.45.3511
Fall20164.94.45.4532

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Unintentional Injury Deaths by Cause, New Jersey, 2016

Injury TypePercentage of Unintentional Injury DeathsNumer- ator
Record Count: 11
Poisoning52.5%2,105
Motor Vehicle - Traffic15.9%610
Fall13.9%532
Suffocation4.6%176
Drowning/Submersion1.4%53
Fire/Flame/Smoke1.1%44
Pedestrian - MV Non-Traffic and Other0.7%26
Natural/Environmental0.6%23
Other Injury Mechanisms2.6%98
Unspecified Injury6.8%263

Data Notes

"Other Injury Mechanisms" include other land transport (non-traffic, non-motor vehicle), non-land transport (air, water, etc.), machinery, firearm, hot object/substance or caustic substance, cutting/piercing, and other specified injuries.

Data Source

Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity and Cause, New Jersey, 2014-2016

Race/EthnicityInjury TypeDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 24
WhitePoisoning24.623.825.3
WhiteMotor Vehicle - Traffic6.25.86.6
WhiteFall5.34.95.7
WhiteSuffocation1.71.51.9
WhiteDrowning/Submersion0.60.40.7
WhiteFire/Flame/Smoke0.50.40.6
BlackPoisoning16.314.917.6
BlackMotor Vehicle - Traffic8.17.19.0
BlackFall2.62.13.2
BlackSuffocation2.31.82.8
BlackDrowning/Submersion0.70.41.0
BlackFire/Flame/Smoke1.30.91.7
HispanicPoisoning10.49.611.3
HispanicMotor Vehicle - Traffic6.05.46.7
HispanicFall3.83.34.4
HispanicSuffocation1.20.91.5
HispanicDrowning/Submersion0.60.40.8
HispanicFire/Flame/Smoke**0.10.3
AsianPoisoning1.61.12.1
AsianMotor Vehicle - Traffic3.12.43.7
AsianFall2.72.13.4
AsianSuffocation**0.61.4
AsianDrowning/Submersion**0.41.0
AsianFire/Flame/Smoke**0.00.1

Data Notes

Data for White and Black do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. **There are too few deaths among Hispanics and Asians to calculate reliable rates for some injury types. Those are denoted by a blank bar in the graph.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Sex and Cause, New Jersey, 2014-2016

SexInjury TypeDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 12
MalePoisoning25.824.926.7
MaleMotor Vehicle - Traffic9.18.69.6
MaleFall6.96.57.4
MaleSuffocation2.32.02.6
MaleDrowning/Submersion1.00.81.2
MaleFire/Flame/Smoke0.50.40.6
FemalePoisoning9.28.69.7
FemaleMotor Vehicle - Traffic3.63.33.9
FemaleFall3.33.03.6
FemaleSuffocation1.31.11.5
FemaleDrowning/Submersion0.20.20.3
FemaleFire/Flame/Smoke0.50.40.6

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by County, New Jersey, 2016

CountyDeaths per 100,000 Standardized PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 23
Atlantic61.251.970.6173
Bergen25.622.428.9272
Burlington46.440.152.7216
Camden60.453.767.2314
Cape May70.853.887.871
Cumberland69.156.082.3112
Essex41.336.845.8349
Gloucester59.750.868.5174
Hudson27.123.231.0182
Hunterdon38.327.549.247
Mercer33.627.739.5130
Middlesex38.334.142.4334
Monmouth42.637.547.8273
Morris31.126.236.0161
Ocean64.758.371.2379
Passaic36.631.341.9191
Salem66.446.386.445
Somerset29.423.635.2104
Sussex49.838.261.475
Union31.526.836.2183
Warren56.041.870.255
New Jersey40.839.542.13,840
United States47.447.247.7161,374

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]

References and Community Resources

CDC Injury Prevention and Control: [https://www.cdc.gov/injury/index.html] CDC's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System: [https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html] See links in Related Indicators for more references and resources.

Page Content Updated On 04/23/2018, Published on 04/23/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 25 June 2019 8:43:18 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: no date