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Complete Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Unintentional Injury

Definition

Deaths with unintentional injury as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: V01-X59, Y85-Y86 Unintentional injuries are commonly referred to as accidents and include poisonings (drugs, alcohol, fumes, pesticides, etc.), motor vehicle crashes, falls, fire, drowning, suffocation, and any other external cause of death.

Numerator

Number of deaths due to unintentional injury

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

Unintentional injury is the leading cause of deaths among persons aged 15-49 years and the third leading cause among all ages combined. Unintentional injuries are, for the most part, preventable.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce unintentional injury deaths

U.S. Target: 36.4 deaths per 100,000 population

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, nearly 4,500 deaths were due to unintentional injuries in 2017. These include poisonings, motor vehicle-related fatalities, falls, suffocation, drowning, fire and smoke-related injuries, and others. The age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury has been increasing in recent years with a rise in unintentional poisonings. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have much higher death rates than females. In New Jersey, the age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury is highest among White males followed closely by Black males. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 29 in Bergen to a high of 94 in Cape May.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury was 33% below the U.S. rate in 2007, but the gap has decreased to 4% (2017) due to the opioid crisis. New Jersey's stringent helmet laws and laws related to motor vehicle safety likely contribute to the state's continued lower death rate overall. The state's dense population also allows most residents to be in close proximity to hospitals that offer high quality trauma treatment.

Available Services

Poison Control: [http://www.njpies.org/] or 1-800-222-1222 Child Safety Seat Check Events: [http://www.nj.gov/oag/hts/childseats/childseatchecks.html] Fall Prevention: [http://nj.gov/humanservices/doas/services/fallprev/index.html]


Related Indicators

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2017

US/NJYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 36
US200034.934.735.297,900
US200135.735.535.9101,537
US200237.136.937.4106,742
US200337.637.437.8109,277
US200438.137.838.3112,012
US200539.539.339.7117,809
US200640.240.040.5121,599
US200740.440.140.6123,706
US200839.239.039.5121,902
US200937.537.337.7118,021
US201038.037.838.2120,859
US201139.138.939.4126,438
US201239.038.839.3127,792
US201339.439.239.6130,557
US201440.540.340.7136,053
US201543.243.043.4146,571
US201647.447.247.7161,374
US201749.449.249.6169,936
NJ200026.725.627.82,291
NJ200128.026.829.12,411
NJ200229.928.831.12,604
NJ200327.126.028.22,377
NJ200426.425.327.52,331
NJ200528.927.830.02,567
NJ200629.228.130.42,596
NJ200727.126.028.22,427
NJ200826.925.828.02,437
NJ200926.425.427.52,421
NJ201026.725.627.82,491
NJ201128.627.429.72,688
NJ201231.630.432.82,991
NJ201331.730.532.93,029
NJ201430.929.732.02,970
NJ201533.632.434.83,219
NJ201640.639.341.93,840
NJ201747.345.948.74,484

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2017

Race/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 6
White58.556.460.63,076
Black56.652.260.9690
Hispanic31.629.034.1546
Asian10.68.412.788
New Jersey47.345.948.74,484
United States49.449.249.6169,936

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Jersey, 2017

SexRace/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 8
MaleWhite85.181.488.82,062
MaleBlack79.972.487.4446
MaleHispanic48.143.652.5418
MaleAsian16.112.319.964
FemaleWhite32.530.334.71,014
FemaleBlack36.731.941.5244
FemaleHispanic15.212.717.7128
FemaleAsian5.63.57.824

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Year and Cause, New Jersey, 2000-2017

Injury TypeYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 54
Poisoning20006.25.66.7527
Poisoning20016.76.17.2577
Poisoning20028.17.58.7704
Poisoning20037.26.67.8623
Poisoning20046.05.56.5520
Poisoning20058.47.89.0730
Poisoning20068.88.19.4759
Poisoning20077.77.18.3662
Poisoning20088.07.48.6707
Poisoning20098.57.99.1740
Poisoning20109.38.79.9822
Poisoning201110.810.111.5971
Poisoning201212.912.113.61,146
Poisoning201314.013.214.81,252
Poisoning201413.412.714.21,192
Poisoning201515.915.116.81,406
Poisoning201622.821.823.82,015
Poisoning201729.328.230.42,605
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20009.08.49.7760
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20018.88.29.4741
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20028.88.29.5752
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20039.18.49.7777
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20048.98.29.5763
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20058.68.09.2746
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20068.78.19.3751
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20078.07.48.6693
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20086.66.07.1571
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20096.35.86.8554
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20106.25.76.8554
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20117.26.67.7647
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20126.76.27.3617
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20135.95.46.4546
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20146.05.46.5557
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20156.25.76.7578
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20166.66.07.1610
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20176.66.17.1631
Fall20002.82.53.2248
Fall20013.02.63.4266
Fall20023.22.83.6287
Fall20033.02.63.4271
Fall20043.93.54.3359
Fall20054.13.74.5380
Fall20064.03.64.5379
Fall20073.93.54.4375
Fall20084.23.84.7408
Fall20094.03.64.4391
Fall20104.03.64.5410
Fall20113.83.44.2386
Fall20124.84.45.3503
Fall20134.54.14.9479
Fall20144.74.35.2512
Fall20154.84.35.2511
Fall20164.84.45.3532
Fall20174.74.35.2527

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Unintentional Injury Deaths by Cause, New Jersey, 2017

Injury TypePercentage of Unintentional Injury DeathsNumer- ator
Record Count: 11
Poisoning58.1%2,605
Motor Vehicle - Traffic14.1%631
Fall11.8%527
Suffocation4.1%182
Drowning/Submersion1.4%65
Fire/Flame/Smoke0.8%37
Natural/Environmental0.6%26
Other Injury Mechanisms2.6%118
Unspecified Injury6.5%293

Data Notes

"Other Injury Mechanisms" include other land transport (non-traffic, non-motor vehicle), non-land transport (air, water, etc.), struck by/against, machinery, firearm, hot object/substance or caustic substance, cutting/piercing, and other specified injuries.

Data Source

Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity and Cause, New Jersey, 2015-2017

Race/EthnicityInjury TypeDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 24
WhitePoisoning31.430.632.4
WhiteMotor Vehicle - Traffic6.46.06.8
WhiteFall5.24.85.5
WhiteSuffocation1.61.41.8
WhiteDrowning/Submersion0.60.40.7
WhiteFire/Flame/Smoke0.40.30.6
BlackPoisoning24.622.926.2
BlackMotor Vehicle - Traffic8.37.49.3
BlackFall2.92.33.4
BlackSuffocation2.62.03.1
BlackDrowning/Submersion0.80.51.1
BlackFire/Flame/Smoke0.90.61.2
HispanicPoisoning13.712.714.7
HispanicMotor Vehicle - Traffic6.45.87.1
HispanicFall3.83.34.3
HispanicSuffocation1.00.71.2
HispanicDrowning/Submersion0.70.50.9
HispanicFire/Flame/Smoke**
AsianPoisoning2.01.42.5
AsianMotor Vehicle - Traffic2.61.93.2
AsianFall3.22.63.9
AsianSuffocation**
AsianDrowning/Submersion**
AsianFire/Flame/Smoke**

Data Notes

Data for White and Black do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. **There are too few deaths among Hispanics and Asians to calculate reliable rates for some injury types. Those are denoted by a blank bar in the graph.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Sex and Cause, New Jersey, 2015-2017

SexInjury TypeDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 12
MalePoisoning34.033.035.04,443
MaleMotor Vehicle - Traffic9.48.99.91,268
MaleFall6.76.37.2900
MaleSuffocation2.11.92.4287
MaleDrowning/Submersion1.00.91.2138
MaleFire/Flame/Smoke0.40.30.664
FemalePoisoning11.611.012.11,583
FemaleMotor Vehicle - Traffic3.73.44.0551
FemaleFall3.33.03.6670
FemaleSuffocation1.31.11.5249
FemaleDrowning/Submersion0.30.20.444
FemaleFire/Flame/Smoke0.40.30.565

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by County, New Jersey, 2017

CountyDeaths per 100,000 Standardized PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 23
Atlantic81.670.892.4220
Bergen28.625.232.0303
Burlington60.853.668.0284
Camden76.869.284.4397
Cape May94.274.5113.890
Cumberland84.970.399.6130
Essex48.944.153.8417
Gloucester75.965.985.9219
Hudson34.830.439.2243
Hunterdon41.330.052.548
Mercer41.434.948.0166
Middlesex39.435.243.7346
Monmouth49.844.355.4318
Morris34.429.339.6186
Ocean63.156.769.4368
Passaic37.932.643.2200
Salem76.254.697.849
Somerset40.633.847.4144
Sussex52.840.864.873
Union36.331.341.3217
Warren60.846.075.666
New Jersey47.345.948.74,484
United States49.449.249.6169,936

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

References and Community Resources

CDC Injury Prevention and Control: [https://www.cdc.gov/injury/index.html] CDC's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System: [https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html] See links in Related Indicators for more references and resources.

Page Content Updated On 08/23/2019, Published on 08/23/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 19 September 2019 11:31:20 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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