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Complete Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Unintentional Injury

Definition

Deaths with unintentional injury as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: V01-X59, Y85-Y86 Unintentional injuries are commonly referred to as accidents and include poisonings (drugs, alcohol, fumes, pesticides, etc.), motor vehicle crashes, falls, fire, drowning, suffocation, and any other external cause of death.

Numerator

Number of deaths due to unintentional injury

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

Unintentional injury was the leading cause of deaths among persons aged 15-49 years and the third leading cause among all ages combined in 2019. Unintentional injuries are, for the most part, preventable.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce unintentional injury deaths

U.S. Target: 36.4 deaths per 100,000 population

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, more than 4,600 deaths were due to unintentional injuries in 2019. These include poisonings, falls, motor vehicle-related fatalities, suffocation, drowning, fire and smoke-related injuries, and others. New Jersey's age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury rose sharply between 2014 and 2018 due to a rise in unintentional poisonings. The rate decreased slightly in 2019. In 2019, falls became the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths for the first time, while motor vehicle crashes dropped to third. This was due to both a slow decline in motor vehicle-related injuries and a slow increase in fall-related injuries. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have much higher death rates than females. In 2019, the age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury was highest among Black males followed closely by White males. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 31 in Hunterdon to a high of 110 in Salem.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury was 30% below the U.S. rate in 2009, but the gap has disappeared due to the opioid crisis. New Jersey's motor vehicle safety laws likely contribute to the state's continued lower motor vehicle-related death rate. The state's dense population also allows most residents to be in close proximity to hospitals that offer high quality trauma treatment.

Available Services

Poison Control: [http://www.njpies.org/] or 1-800-222-1222 Fall Prevention: [http://nj.gov/humanservices/doas/services/fallprev/index.html] Child Safety Seat Check Schedule: [https://www.njoag.gov/about/divisions-and-offices/division-of-highway-traffic-safety-home/division-of-highway-traffic-safety-child-passenger-safety/]


Related Indicators

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2019

US/NJYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 40
US200034.934.735.297,900
US200135.735.535.9101,537
US200237.136.937.4106,742
US200337.637.437.8109,277
US200438.137.838.3112,012
US200539.539.339.7117,809
US200640.240.040.5121,599
US200740.440.140.6123,706
US200839.239.039.5121,902
US200937.537.337.7118,021
US201038.037.838.2120,859
US201139.138.939.4126,438
US201239.038.839.3127,792
US201339.439.239.6130,557
US201440.540.340.7136,053
US201543.243.043.4146,571
US201647.447.247.7161,374
US201749.449.249.6169,936
US201848.047.848.2167,127
US201949.349.049.5173,040
NJ200026.725.627.82,291
NJ200128.026.829.12,411
NJ200229.928.831.12,604
NJ200327.126.028.22,377
NJ200426.425.327.52,331
NJ200528.927.830.02,567
NJ200629.228.130.42,596
NJ200727.126.028.22,427
NJ200826.925.828.02,437
NJ200926.425.427.52,421
NJ201026.725.627.82,491
NJ201128.627.529.72,688
NJ201231.730.632.92,991
NJ201331.930.733.13,029
NJ201431.130.032.32,970
NJ201534.032.835.23,219
NJ201641.239.842.53,840
NJ201748.146.649.54,484
NJ201850.248.851.74,676
NJ201949.347.850.74,657

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Underlying Cause of Death File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [https://wonder.cdc.gov/Deaths-by-Underlying-Cause.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 20179

Race/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 6
White57.655.559.83,035
Black61.356.865.8758
Hispanic38.635.841.4684
Asian10.58.312.689
New Jersey49.347.850.74,657
United States49.349.049.5173,040

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Jersey, 2019

SexRace/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 8
MaleWhite82.979.386.62,022
MaleBlack92.084.0100.1528
MaleHispanic60.855.865.8538
MaleAsian13.09.516.453
FemaleWhite33.231.035.51,013
FemaleBlack35.731.040.5230
FemaleHispanic16.614.019.3146
FemaleAsian8.45.711.036

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Year and Cause, New Jersey, 2000-2019

Injury TypeYearDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 80
Poisoning20006.25.66.7527
Poisoning20016.76.17.2577
Poisoning20028.17.58.7704
Poisoning20037.26.67.8623
Poisoning20046.05.56.5520
Poisoning20058.47.89.0730
Poisoning20068.88.19.4759
Poisoning20077.77.18.3662
Poisoning20088.07.48.6707
Poisoning20098.57.99.1740
Poisoning20109.38.79.9822
Poisoning201110.810.211.5971
Poisoning201213.012.213.71,146
Poisoning201314.113.314.91,252
Poisoning201413.612.814.31,192
Poisoning201516.215.317.01,406
Poisoning201623.222.224.22,015
Poisoning201729.928.731.02,605
Poisoning201832.931.734.12,870
Poisoning201931.630.432.72,784
Fall20002.82.53.2248
Fall20013.02.63.4266
Fall20023.22.83.6287
Fall20033.02.63.4271
Fall20043.93.54.3359
Fall20054.13.74.5380
Fall20064.03.64.5379
Fall20073.93.54.4375
Fall20084.23.84.7408
Fall20094.03.64.4391
Fall20104.03.64.5410
Fall20113.83.44.2386
Fall20124.84.45.3503
Fall20134.54.15.0479
Fall20144.84.35.2512
Fall20154.84.35.2511
Fall20164.94.45.3532
Fall20174.84.35.2527
Fall20184.74.35.2537
Fall20195.24.75.6605
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20009.08.49.7760
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20018.88.29.4741
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20028.88.29.5752
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20039.18.49.7777
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20048.98.29.5763
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20058.68.09.2746
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20068.78.19.3751
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20078.07.48.6693
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20086.66.07.1571
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20096.35.86.8554
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20106.25.76.8554
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20117.26.67.7647
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20126.86.27.3617
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20136.05.46.5546
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20146.05.56.5557
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20156.35.86.8578
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20166.66.17.2610
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20176.76.27.2631
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20186.35.86.8585
Motor Vehicle - Traffic20196.35.76.8584
Suffocation20001.61.41.9143
Suffocation20011.81.52.0154
Suffocation20021.71.42.0150
Suffocation20031.41.21.7129
Suffocation20041.61.41.9148
Suffocation20052.01.82.4189
Suffocation20061.71.42.0162
Suffocation20071.71.42.0163
Suffocation20081.81.52.1171
Suffocation20091.91.62.2181
Suffocation20101.71.52.0172
Suffocation20111.61.31.8158
Suffocation20121.81.52.0184
Suffocation20132.11.82.4212
Suffocation20141.81.52.0186
Suffocation20151.61.41.9178
Suffocation20161.61.41.9176
Suffocation20171.71.42.0182
Suffocation20181.71.42.0189
Suffocation20191.61.31.8173

Data Notes

Only causes with more than 100 deaths each year are shown. "Poisoning" includes drugs, alcohol, gases, pesticides, and other chemicals and noxious substances. "Suffocation" includes inhalation or ingestion of food, gastric contents, or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract; unintentional suffocation, strangulation, or hanging in bed or elsewhere; threat to breathing due to cave-in, falling earth and other substances; trapped in a low-oxygen environment; and other threats to breathing.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Unintentional Injury Deaths by Cause, New Jersey, 2019

Injury TypePercentage of Unintentional Injury DeathsNumer- ator
Record Count: 11
Poisoning59.8%2,785
Fall13.0%605
Motor Vehicle - Traffic12.5%584
Suffocation3.7%173
Drowning/Submersion1.0%47
Fire/Flame/Smoke0.9%44
Natural/Environmental0.6%29
Other Injury Mechanisms2.4%112
Unspecified Injury6.0%279

Data Notes

"Poisoning" includes drugs, alcohol, gases, pesticides, and other chemicals and noxious substances. "Suffocation" includes inhalation or ingestion of food, gastric contents, or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract; unintentional suffocation, strangulation, or hanging in bed or elsewhere; threat to breathing due to cave-in, falling earth and other substances; trapped in a low-oxygen environment; and other threats to breathing. "Other Injury Mechanisms" include other land transport (non-traffic, non-motor vehicle), non-land transport (air, water, etc.), struck by/against, machinery, firearm, hot object/substance or caustic substance, cutting/piercing, and other specified injuries.

Data Source

Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Race/Ethnicity and Cause, New Jersey, 2017-2019

Race/EthnicityInjury TypeDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 24
WhitePoisoning41.040.042.0
WhiteFall5.35.05.7
WhiteMotor Vehicle - Traffic6.35.96.7
WhiteSuffocation1.71.51.9
WhiteDrowning/Submersion0.50.40.6
WhiteFire/Flame/Smoke0.40.30.5
BlackPoisoning41.139.043.2
BlackFall2.82.23.3
BlackMotor Vehicle - Traffic7.97.08.9
BlackSuffocation2.31.82.8
BlackDrowning/Submersion1.00.61.3
BlackFire/Flame/Smoke0.60.40.9
HispanicPoisoning20.819.622.0
HispanicFall3.93.44.5
HispanicMotor Vehicle - Traffic6.45.77.1
HispanicSuffocation1.10.81.4
HispanicDrowning/Submersion0.60.40.8
HispanicFire/Flame/Smoke0.40.30.6
AsianPoisoning2.31.82.9
AsianFall2.82.23.5
AsianMotor Vehicle - Traffic2.72.13.4
AsianSuffocation**
AsianDrowning/Submersion**
AsianFire/Flame/Smoke**

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. **There are too few deaths among Asians to calculate reliable rates for some injury types. Those are denoted by a blank bar in the graph. "Poisoning" includes drugs, alcohol, gases, pesticides, and other chemicals and noxious substances. "Suffocation" includes inhalation or ingestion of food, gastric contents, or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract; unintentional suffocation, strangulation, or hanging in bed or elsewhere; threat to breathing due to cave-in, falling earth and other substances; trapped in a low-oxygen environment; and other threats to breathing.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by Sex and Cause, New Jersey, 2017-2019

GenderInjury TypeDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 12
MalePoisoning47.145.948.3
MaleFall6.76.37.2
MaleMotor Vehicle - Traffic9.48.99.9
MaleSuffocation2.21.92.4
MaleDrowning/Submersion1.00.81.2
MaleFire/Flame/Smoke0.50.40.6
FemalePoisoning16.015.416.7
FemaleFall3.43.13.8
FemaleMotor Vehicle - Traffic3.63.33.9
FemaleSuffocation1.31.11.5
FemaleDrowning/Submersion0.30.20.4
FemaleFire/Flame/Smoke0.30.20.4

Data Notes

"Poisoning" includes drugs, alcohol, gases, pesticides, and other chemicals and noxious substances. "Suffocation" includes inhalation or ingestion of food, gastric contents, or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract; unintentional suffocation, strangulation, or hanging in bed or elsewhere; threat to breathing due to cave-in, falling earth and other substances; trapped in a low-oxygen environment; and other threats to breathing.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Unintentional Injury by County, New Jersey, 2019

CountyDeaths per 100,000 Standardized PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 23
Atlantic89.878.4101.3248
Bergen33.730.037.4352
Burlington60.453.267.7280
Camden80.873.088.6416
Cape May97.377.2117.491
Cumberland85.971.0100.7134
Essex53.748.658.8465
Gloucester83.573.094.0239
Hudson33.529.137.9236
Hunterdon31.421.641.242
Mercer49.142.056.3194
Middlesex40.235.844.5347
Monmouth45.039.850.3295
Morris38.733.244.2200
Ocean56.550.562.4342
Passaic43.637.949.4229
Salem110.184.1136.265
Somerset34.328.040.6125
Sussex63.850.677.084
Union38.233.143.3227
Warren40.828.653.146
New Jersey49.347.850.74,657
United States49.349.049.5173,040

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

References and Community Resources

CDC Injury Prevention and Control: [https://www.cdc.gov/injury/index.html] CDC's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System: [https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html] See links in Related Indicators for more references and resources.

Page Content Updated On 05/18/2021, Published on 05/18/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 16 September 2021 12:35:57 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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