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Complete Health Indicator Report of Uranium in Community Drinking Water Systems

Definition

The distribution of uranium in drinking water by community water system, population served, and year

Numerator

The distribution of uranium in drinking water by community water system, population served, and year

Denominator

Not applicable

Why Is This Important?

Uranium is present in nearly all rocks and soils. Some parts of the United States, particularly the West, have higher-than-average uranium levels due to natural geological formations. Man-made sources of uranium include uranium mining and milling, uranium conversion and enrichment, uranium fuel fabrication, nuclear weapons production, production of phosphate fertilizers from phosphate rocks containing uranium, and the improper disposal of uranium mine tailings. The general population is exposed to uranium via ingestion of food and drinking water and inhalation of air, with food being the primary contributor to body burden. The daily intake of uranium from food sources ranges from 0.6 to 1.0 pCi/day (0.9--1.5 g/day). Uranium levels in drinking water vary widely, with a mean population-weighted average of 0.8 pCi/L. Compared to the ingestion route, the intake of uranium via inhalation is small; intakes range from 0.0007 to 0.007 pCi/day (0.001--0.01 g/day). Since uranium is weakly radioactive, it has been assumed to be potentially carcinogenic at occupational levels by NIOSH. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has no classification for uranium. Cancer is not usually a result of exposure to naturally occurring uranium. However, health studies have shown large amounts of uranium can cause kidney damage. It is currently not known whether children differ from adults in their susceptibility to the health effects of uranium exposure.

How Are We Doing?

In order to determine the quality of water provided by community water supplies in New Jersey, the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) require mandatory, regular monitoring of treated water delivered to the public. Test results are compared to standards for drinking water quality called maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs), the maximum permissible level of a contaminant in public drinking water based on information on health effects, treatment, analytical methods and contaminant occurrence. A complete list of the regulated contaminants and the maximum permissible concentrations allowed in drinking water are listed on NJDEP's website at: [https://www.state.nj.us/dep/watersupply/pdf/dw-standards.pdf] In New Jersey between 2010 and 2020, the majority of community water systems reported uranium concentrations at less than 5 ug/L. During each of those years, few systems annually reported uranium levels in drinking water that exceeded the MCL of 30 ug/L.

What Is Being Done?

Public water suppliers are required by law to monitor for regulated contaminants based on type of water system and water source, and ensure the water meets state and federal Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs). The test results are sent to the NJDEP. If the level of any regulated contaminant is above the MCL, additional samples are taken to confirm that a problem exists. The supplier of that water is then required to eliminate the problem by changing to another water source or by improving water treatment. The NJDEP inspects community drinking water systems and evaluates their monitoring reports for compliance with the standards. Noncompliance with a standard can result in a violation. NJDEP works with systems to ensure they notify the public and return to compliance. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) MCL of 30ug/L for uranium was adopted in December 2003.

Available Services

If your drinking water comes from a public community water system: You can get the most recent test results for your water system by contacting your water supplier or by accessing Drinking WaterWatch available here: [https://www9.state.nj.us/DEP_WaterWatch_public/index.jsp] You can also contact the NJDEP Bureau of Safe Drinking Water, Technical Assistance at (609) 292-5550. If your drinking water comes from a private well: You are responsible for testing. The NJDEP recommends that you use a laboratory that is NJDEP-certified. You can call NJDEP Office of Quality Assurance at (609) 292-3950 for information on laboratories certified to test drinking water. Testing is required for sale of residential real estate when a well is the source of water. For more information, contact the NJDEP Private Well Testing Program, [http://www.nj.gov/dep/watersupply/pw_pwta.html], or call (866) 479-8378.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:



Data Tables


Uranium in Community Water Sytems, Number of Community Water Systems by Mean Uranium Concentration (ug/l), 2005-2020

Uranium Cut PointsYearNumber of Systems
Record Count: 59
0-<5 ug/l2005100
0-<5 ug/l2006355
0-<5 ug/l2007135
0-<5 ug/l200886
0-<5 ug/l200984
0-<5 ug/l201036
0-<5 ug/l201137
0-<5 ug/l20127
0-<5 ug/l201323
0-<5 ug/l201452
0-<5 ug/l201590
0-<5 ug/l201632
0-<5 ug/l201760
0-<5 ug/l201895
0-<5 ug/l201922
0-<5 ug/l202051
5-<15 ug/l200540
5-<15 ug/l200676
5-<15 ug/l200732
5-<15 ug/l200815
5-<15 ug/l200935
5-<15 ug/l201023
5-<15 ug/l201112
5-<15 ug/l20120
5-<15 ug/l20132
5-<15 ug/l20143
5-<15 ug/l20158
5-<15 ug/l20162
5-<15 ug/l20171
5-<15 ug/l20188
5-<15 ug/l20191
5-<15 ug/l20200
15-<30 ug/l20055
15-<30 ug/l200613
15-<30 ug/l20076
15-<30 ug/l20082
15-<30 ug/l20096
15-<30 ug/l20107
15-<30 ug/l20113
15-<30 ug/l20121
15-<30 ug/l20131
15-<30 ug/l20140
15-<30 ug/l20150
15-<30 ug/l20160
15-<30 ug/l20170
15-<30 ug/l20182
15-<30 ug/l20190
15-<30 ug/l20200
>=30 ug/l20051
>=30 ug/l20063
>=30 ug/l20072
>=30 ug/l20082
>=30 ug/l20094
>=30 ug/l20102
>=30 ug/l20110
>=30 ug/l20121
>=30 ug/l20131
>=30 ug/l20141
>=30 ug/l20150

Data Source

Bureau of Safe Drinking Water, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection


Uranium in Community Water Sytems, Number of Community Water Systems by Maximum Uranium Concentration (ug/l), 2005-2020

Uranium Cut PointsYearNumber of Systems
Record Count: 59
0-<5 ug/l200564
0-<5 ug/l2006263
0-<5 ug/l2007120
0-<5 ug/l200871
0-<5 ug/l200971
0-<5 ug/l201028
0-<5 ug/l201134
0-<5 ug/l20125
0-<5 ug/l201322
0-<5 ug/l201450
0-<5 ug/l201588
0-<5 ug/l201631
0-<5 ug/l201756
0-<5 ug/l201895
0-<5 ug/l201922
0-<5 ug/l202049
5-<15 ug/l200548
5-<15 ug/l2006133
5-<15 ug/l200739
5-<15 ug/l200818
5-<15 ug/l200939
5-<15 ug/l201023
5-<15 ug/l201112
5-<15 ug/l20122
5-<15 ug/l20133
5-<15 ug/l20144
5-<15 ug/l201510
5-<15 ug/l20163
5-<15 ug/l20175
5-<15 ug/l20187
5-<15 ug/l20191
5-<15 ug/l20202
15-<30 ug/l200531
15-<30 ug/l200643
15-<30 ug/l200712
15-<30 ug/l200812
15-<30 ug/l200915
15-<30 ug/l201013
15-<30 ug/l20116
15-<30 ug/l20121
15-<30 ug/l20130
15-<30 ug/l20141
15-<30 ug/l20150
15-<30 ug/l20160
15-<30 ug/l20170
15-<30 ug/l20183
15-<30 ug/l20190
15-<30 ug/l20200
>=30 ug/l20053
>=30 ug/l20078
>=30 ug/l20084
>=30 ug/l20094
>=30 ug/l20104
>=30 ug/l20110
>=30 ug/l20121
>=30 ug/l20132
>=30 ug/l20141
>=30 ug/l20150
>=30 ug/l20160

Data Source

Bureau of Safe Drinking Water, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection


Uranium in Community Water Sytems, Number of People Served by Mean Uranium Concentration (ug/l), 2005-2020

Uranium Cut PointsYearSystem Population
Record Count: 58
0-<5 ug/l20054,444,167
0-<5 ug/l20065,202,123
0-<5 ug/l20072,573,687
0-<5 ug/l20082,923,347
0-<5 ug/l20091,134,945
0-<5 ug/l2010822,454
0-<5 ug/l20111,672,090
0-<5 ug/l2012648,376
0-<5 ug/l2013580,079
0-<5 ug/l20143,861,454
0-<5 ug/l2015927,044
0-<5 ug/l2016839,093
0-<5 ug/l20172,705,182
0-<5 ug/l20181,113,505
0-<5 ug/l2019516,488
0-<5 ug/l20202,210,858
5-<15 ug/l20052,018,434
5-<15 ug/l2006613,091
5-<15 ug/l2007253,543
5-<15 ug/l2008606,536
5-<15 ug/l2009581,854
5-<15 ug/l2010277,685
5-<15 ug/l2011407,704
5-<15 ug/l20120
5-<15 ug/l201331,274
5-<15 ug/l2014283,300
5-<15 ug/l20154,385
5-<15 ug/l20161,913
5-<15 ug/l201717,628
5-<15 ug/l2018244,471
5-<15 ug/l201930,487
5-<15 ug/l20200
15-<30 ug/l2005101,565
15-<30 ug/l200628,120
15-<30 ug/l200717,275
15-<30 ug/l2008580
15-<30 ug/l20092,588
15-<30 ug/l2010339,721
15-<30 ug/l201117,533
15-<30 ug/l201215,726
15-<30 ug/l20131,622
15-<30 ug/l20140
15-<30 ug/l20150
15-<30 ug/l20160
15-<30 ug/l20170
15-<30 ug/l2018453
15-<30 ug/l20190
15-<30 ug/l20200
>=30 ug/l200522,770
>=30 ug/l2006269
>=30 ug/l200789
>=30 ug/l200889
>=30 ug/l200913,864
>=30 ug/l201089
>=30 ug/l20110
>=30 ug/l201245,001
>=30 ug/l2013400
>=30 ug/l2014400

Data Source

Bureau of Safe Drinking Water, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection


Uranium in Community Water Sytems, Number of People Served by Maximum Uranium Concentration (ug/l), 2005-2020

Uranium Cut PointsYearSystem Population
Record Count: 57
0-<5 ug/l20053,353,901
0-<5 ug/l20062,356,396
0-<5 ug/l20072,118,103
0-<5 ug/l20082,340,325
0-<5 ug/l2009883,966
0-<5 ug/l2010397,164
0-<5 ug/l2011926,727
0-<5 ug/l201237,563
0-<5 ug/l2013579,969
0-<5 ug/l20143,845,618
0-<5 ug/l2015924,176
0-<5 ug/l2016819,493
0-<5 ug/l20172,052,249
0-<5 ug/l20181,113,505
0-<5 ug/l2019516,488
0-<5 ug/l20202,172,032
5-<15 ug/l20051,432,027
5-<15 ug/l20062,886,799
5-<15 ug/l2007219,428
5-<15 ug/l2008874,843
5-<15 ug/l2009703,428
5-<15 ug/l2010553,238
5-<15 ug/l2011844,252
5-<15 ug/l2012610,813
5-<15 ug/l201331,384
5-<15 ug/l2014299,026
5-<15 ug/l20157,253
5-<15 ug/l201621,513
5-<15 ug/l2017670,561
5-<15 ug/l2018243,956
5-<15 ug/l201930,487
5-<15 ug/l202038,826
15-<30 ug/l20051,724,593
15-<30 ug/l2006571,044
15-<30 ug/l2007505,909
15-<30 ug/l2008250,786
15-<30 ug/l2009131,993
15-<30 ug/l2010234,791
15-<30 ug/l201115,726
15-<30 ug/l2012326,348
15-<30 ug/l20130
15-<30 ug/l2014110
15-<30 ug/l20150
15-<30 ug/l20160
15-<30 ug/l20170
15-<30 ug/l2018968
>=30 ug/l200576,415
>=30 ug/l200629,364
>=30 ug/l20071,154
>=30 ug/l200864,598
>=30 ug/l200913,864
>=30 ug/l2010254,756
>=30 ug/l20110
>=30 ug/l201245,001
>=30 ug/l20132,022
>=30 ug/l2014400
>=30 ug/l20150

Data Source

Bureau of Safe Drinking Water, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

References and Community Resources

The NJDEP Bureau of Safe Drinking Water is responsible for ensuring public water systems satisfy federal and state drinking water standards and the other provisions of the Federal and State Safe Drinking Water Acts. Their web site is: [http://www.nj.gov/dep/watersupply/] They may be contacted at the following address: 401 East State Street, P.O. Box 426, Trenton, New Jersey 08625-0426 In addition, the Bureau may be reached at: Telephone: (609) 292-5550, Fax: (609) 292-1654 For a list of certified water testing laboratories and other available services, please visit [https://www13.state.nj.us/DataMiner]

Page Content Updated On 05/10/2021, Published on 05/11/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 23 April 2024 14:20:09 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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