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Complete Health Indicator Report of Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Before Age 75 Years

Definition

Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of the number of years not lived by each individual who died before reaching a predetermined age, such as 75. This measure weights deaths at younger ages more heavily than deaths at older ages; the younger the age at death, the greater the number of years of potential life lost.

Numerator

The YPLL for a population is computed as the sum of all the individual YPLL for individuals who died before age 75 years during a specific time period.

Denominator

The number of persons in the population under the age of 75 years.

Why Is This Important?

Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of '''premature death'''.

How Are We Doing?

The age-adjusted rate of YPLL before age 75 per 100,000 New Jersey residents had been steadily declining for many years as an increasing proportion of the population lives more than 75 years, however a rise in opioid overdose deaths caused YPLL to increase each year from 2015 through 2017. The COVID-19 pandemic caused the 2020 YPLL rate to skyrocket to a level not experienced since 1997. The YPLL rate is highest among Blacks and, prior to 2020, was followed in order by Whites, Hispanics, and Asians/Pacific Islanders. In 2020, the rate among Hispanics surpassed the rate among Whites as a higher proportion of younger Hispanics died due to COVID-19. Among Hispanics, COVID-19 contributed more toward the YPLL rate than any other cause (28.3%). COVID-19 was the second leading contributor to the YPLL rate among Asians and Pacific Islanders (18.4% of the total rate), third among Blacks (12.8%), and fourth among Whites (6.3%). The age-adjusted YPLL rate among males is double that of females. COVID-19 was the second largest contributor to the YPLL rate among males (14.0% of the total) and third among females (10.3%). The leading causes of YPLL in 2020 were unintentional injury, cancer, COVID-19, heart disease, and suicide. The age-adjusted YPLL rate due to unintentional injury rose sharply between 2015 and 2018 but declined in 2019 and only rose slightly in 2020. While the YPLL rate due to cancer continued its steady decline through 2020, the rate due to heart disease rose in 2020, likely due to residents delaying medical treatment during the COVID pandemic.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The age-adjusted rate of YPLL before age 75 among New Jersey residents is consistently below that of the nation as a whole. While the national YPLL rate rose 17.8% between 2019 and 2020, the New Jersey rate rose 22.5% but still remained below the US rate. COVID-19 accounted for 6.3% of the age-adjusted YPLL rate for the US and 12.6% for New Jersey.


Related Indicators

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Before 75 Years of Age, Age-Adjusted Rate, by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2020

US/NJYearYears Lost per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 42
US20007,370.8
US20017,377.5
US20027,356.8
US20037,311.4
US20047,125.7
US20057,152.8
US20067,084.0
US20076,959.9
US20086,825.3
US20096,679.3
US20106,474.1
US20116,458.0
US20126,413.1
US20136,422.5
US20146,459.2
US20156,599.2
US20166,797.6
US20176,820.2
US20186,712.1
US20196,691.3
US20207,879.7
NJ20006,749.3
NJ20016,953.9
NJ20026,515.9
NJ20036,377.6
NJ20046,177.8
NJ20056,084.9
NJ20066,176.8
NJ20075,780.0
NJ20085,671.7
NJ20095,445.9
NJ20105,360.0
NJ20115,500.2
NJ20125,340.6
NJ20135,373.5
NJ20145,334.0
NJ20155,387.1
NJ20165,698.6
NJ20175,854.7
NJ20185,824.6
NJ20195,678.4
NJ20206,958.5

Data Source

[https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/ Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System] (WISQARS), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)


Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Before 75 Years of Age, Age-Adjusted Rate, by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2000-2020

Race/EthnicityYearYears Lost per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 84
White20005,893.0
White20016,169.1
White20025,771.1
White20035,656.4
White20045,710.6
White20055,793.9
White20065,803.8
White20075,404.4
White20085,343.4
White20095,165.9
White20105,137.9
White20115,339.1
White20125,275.3
White20135,422.7
White20145,391.1
White20155,397.7
White20165,765.5
White20176,041.6
White20186,085.2
White20195,834.1
White20206,324.4
Black200013,558.0
Black200113,414.0
Black200212,635.0
Black200312,879.0
Black200411,904.0
Black200511,619.0
Black200611,753.0
Black200711,092.0
Black200810,699.0
Black200910,114.0
Black20109,932.2
Black201110,168.0
Black20129,266.6
Black20139,429.1
Black20149,211.0
Black20159,463.1
Black201610,057.0
Black201710,043.0
Black20189,795.5
Black20199,521.4
Black202012,742.0
Hispanic20005,495.8
Hispanic20015,752.3
Hispanic20025,551.2
Hispanic20035,115.6
Hispanic20044,527.0
Hispanic20053,846.1
Hispanic20064,796.2
Hispanic20074,324.1
Hispanic20084,463.8
Hispanic20094,163.4
Hispanic20103,921.0
Hispanic20114,001.1
Hispanic20124,093.5
Hispanic20133,852.7
Hispanic20143,969.4
Hispanic20154,126.3
Hispanic20164,305.9
Hispanic20174,416.4
Hispanic20184,452.7
Hispanic20194,519.4
Hispanic20207,111.4
Asian/PI20002,491.0
Asian/PI20013,033.1
Asian/PI20022,474.4
Asian/PI20032,531.4
Asian/PI20042,390.2
Asian/PI20052,786.2
Asian/PI20062,125.6
Asian/PI20072,198.4
Asian/PI20082,083.9
Asian/PI20092,266.2
Asian/PI20102,285.9
Asian/PI20112,081.1
Asian/PI20122,112.5
Asian/PI20131,955.2
Asian/PI20142,070.5
Asian/PI20151,998.0
Asian/PI20162,107.9
Asian/PI20172,209.5
Asian/PI20182,211.5
Asian/PI20192,244.2
Asian/PI20203,000.8

Data Source

[https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/ Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System] (WISQARS), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)


Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Before 75 Years of Age, Age-Adjusted Rate, by Sex, New Jersey, 2000-2020

SexYearYears Lost per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 42
Male20008,534.6
Male20018,854.8
Male20028,157.5
Male20038,071.8
Male20047,730.7
Male20057,652.4
Male20067,864.1
Male20077,273.2
Male20087,127.2
Male20096,790.8
Male20106,833.9
Male20116,950.1
Male20126,790.6
Male20136,825.2
Male20146,721.9
Male20156,863.6
Male20167,274.2
Male20177,610.9
Male20187,541.5
Male20197,317.1
Male20209,295.9
Female20005,053.6
Female20015,140.8
Female20024,948.4
Female20034,757.8
Female20044,689.1
Female20054,582.4
Female20064,551.7
Female20074,340.7
Female20084,268.1
Female20094,154.7
Female20103,939.4
Female20114,093.1
Female20123,936.5
Female20133,964.8
Female20143,984.7
Female20153,951.2
Female20164,155.3
Female20174,134.3
Female20184,145.2
Female20194,076.8
Female20204,680.8

Data Source

[https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/ Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System] (WISQARS), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)


Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Before 75 Years of Age, Age-Adjusted Rate, by 5 Leading Causes of YPLL Each Year, New Jersey, 2000-2020

Leading Causes of YPLLYearYears Lost per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 107
Unintentional Injury2000751.1
Unintentional Injury2001804.8
Unintentional Injury2002853.4
Unintentional Injury2003776.8
Unintentional Injury2004724.9
Unintentional Injury2005809.8
Unintentional Injury2006844.6
Unintentional Injury2007760.6
Unintentional Injury2008738.8
Unintentional Injury2009655.1
Unintentional Injury2010719.4
Unintentional Injury2011812.5
Unintentional Injury2012883.8
Unintentional Injury2013886.5
Unintentional Injury2014854.4
Unintentional Injury2015964.5
Unintentional Injury20161,291.8
Unintentional Injury20171,483.9
Unintentional Injury20181,562.8
Unintentional Injury20191,475.1
Unintentional Injury20201,511.9
Cancer20001,603.7
Cancer20011,571.1
Cancer20021,546.5
Cancer20031,487.4
Cancer20041,415.2
Cancer20051,398.1
Cancer20061,401.0
Cancer20071,311.6
Cancer20081,279.0
Cancer20091,272.6
Cancer20101,203.3
Cancer20111,208.0
Cancer20121,165.6
Cancer20131,133.6
Cancer20141,140.5
Cancer20151,093.7
Cancer20161,090.5
Cancer20171,046.0
Cancer20181,026.1
Cancer2019988.7
Cancer2020964.1
COVID-192020879.7
Heart Disease20001,061.8
Heart Disease2001997.8
Heart Disease2002999.3
Heart Disease2003938.4
Heart Disease2004855.4
Heart Disease2005882.0
Heart Disease2006838.3
Heart Disease2007768.5
Heart Disease2008786.1
Heart Disease2009656.8
Heart Disease2010775.9
Heart Disease2011755.5
Heart Disease2012758.2
Heart Disease2013741.5
Heart Disease2014727.2
Heart Disease2015720.2
Heart Disease2016750.7
Heart Disease2017762.4
Heart Disease2018730.5
Heart Disease2019699.2
Heart Disease2020822.2
Suicide2008213.8
Suicide2009203.0
Suicide2010245.0
Suicide2012246.3
Suicide2013251.0
Suicide2014270.6
Suicide2015267.2
Suicide2016227.3
Suicide2017276.7
Suicide2018268.5
Suicide2019260.2
Suicide2020227.2
Perinatal Period2000372.8
Perinatal Period2001392.7
Perinatal Period2002378.9
Perinatal Period2003368.1
Perinatal Period2004373.2
Perinatal Period2005323.5
Perinatal Period2006368.2
Perinatal Period2007333.6
Perinatal Period2008321.8
Perinatal Period2009334.1
Perinatal Period2010314.1
Perinatal Period2011307.0
Perinatal Period2012278.5
Perinatal Period2013279.8
Perinatal Period2014253.9
Perinatal Period2015269.2
Perinatal Period2016259.4
Perinatal Period2017260.8
Perinatal Period2018222.9
Perinatal Period2019243.0
Perinatal Period2020209.1
Homicide2001490.8
Homicide2005245.8
Homicide2006260.0
Homicide2007235.2
Homicide2011234.5
HIV2000322.8
HIV2001291.9
HIV2002277.2
HIV2003225.4
HIV2004235.6

Data Notes

The high value for homicide in 2001 includes deaths that occurred as a result of 9/11.

Data Source

[https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/ Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System] (WISQARS), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

References and Community Resources

"[http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm Health, United States]" annual reports through 2017 include trend tables of YPLL rates by gender, race, ethnicity, and leading causes of death. WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) is an interactive database system that provides [https://wisqars.cdc.gov/ypll customized reports of YPLL].

Page Content Updated On 02/16/2022, Published on 02/17/2022
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 13 August 2022 14:39:25 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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