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Complete Health Indicator Report of Chromium(VI) in Outdoor Air

Definition

Mean of modeled annual average chromium(VI) concentration for census tracts in a county using 2014 NATA data

Numerator

Modeled mean chromium(VI) concentration in nanograms per cubic meter

Denominator

N/A

Why Is This Important?

Chromium is a naturally occurring element found in rocks and soil. It can exist in several different forms. The metal form, chromium(0), is used for making steel. Chromium(VI) and chromium(III) are used for chrome plating, dyes and pigments, leather tanning, and wood preserving. Chromium(III) is an essential nutrient that helps the body use sugar, protein, and fat. Breathing high levels of chromium(VI) can cause irritation and ulceration in the lining of the nose, and difficulty in breathing. Skin contact with chromium(VI) compounds can cause skin ulcers and allergic skin reactions. Chromium(VI) compounds are known human carcinogens. In workers, inhalation of chromium(VI) has been shown to cause lung cancer.

How Are We Doing?

None of the New Jersey counties exceed the health benchmark of 0.083 nanograms of chromium(VI) per cubic meter of air.

What Is Being Done?

Industrial facilities that emit this chemical must obtain permits from the NJDEP Air Program and are also subject to state and federal air pollution control technology requirements.

Available Services

To view select air quality data collected at outdoor monitors across the United States go to: [http://www.epa.gov/airdata] New Jersey County Risk Ratio tables can be found at the following URL: [http://www.state.nj.us/dep/airmon/airtoxics/nataest.htm#rrtab]


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:



Data Tables


Chromium (VI) Concentrations in Outdoor Air, by New Jersey County, 2014 NATA

CountyMean Concentration (nanograms/m3)
Record Count: 22
Atlantic0.02
Bergen0.02
Burlington0.03
Camden0.04
Cape May0.02
Cumberland0.02
Essex0.02
Gloucester0.04
Hudson0.05
Hunterdon0.06
Mercer0.03
Middlesex0.03
Monmouth0.02
Morris0.02
Ocean0.02
Passaic0.02
Salem0.04
Somerset0.03
Sussex0.02
Union0.03
Warren0.03
New Jersey0.03

Data Notes

Data Source: National-scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA), 2014 and NJDEP Division of Air Quality

Data Sources

  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • Bureau of Air Monitoring, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection


Source Contribution Estimates, Percent by Source, Statewide for New Jersey, 2014 NATA

Pollutant Source ContributionsPercent of Chromium by Source
Record Count: 5
Point45.41
Area28.14
On-road Mobile0.65
Non-road Mobile25.76
Background0.04

Data Notes

Data Source: National-scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA), 2014 and NJDEP Division of Air Quality

References and Community Resources

The USEPA Integrated Risk Information System provides more detailed information about chromium and research studies on its health effects at the following URL: [https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris2/chemicalLanding.cfm?substance_nmbr=144] Historic New Jersey Statewide Average 2005 NATA Modeled Air Concentrations and comparisons to health benchmarks can be found at: [http://www.state.nj.us/dep/airtoxics/Chromium05.htm] Pollution Prevention and Community Right to Know: [http://web.doh.state.nj.us/rtkhsfs/factsheets.aspx]

Page Content Updated On 12/20/2018, Published on 12/20/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 22 April 2019 18:45:22 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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