DefinitionThe number of resident live births to females in a specific age group per 1,000 females in the age group.
NumeratorThe number of resident live births to females in a specific age group
DenominatorThe number of females in the age group
Why Is This Important?Tracking age-specific birth rate patterns shows not only trends in teen births but also trends among older mothers.
Teenage pregnancy and childbearing are ongoing public health concerns and the focus of considerable public policy debate. Babies born to teenage mothers are at elevated risk of poor birth outcomes, including higher rates of low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant death. The limited educational, social, and financial resources often available to teenage mothers add to their higher risk profile.
Healthy People Objective: Reduce the pregnancy rate among adolescent females aged 15 to 17 yearsU.S. Target: 36.2 pregnancies per 1,000
State Target: is not comparable because it is for births only, not all pregnancy outcomes
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-10''': Reduce the birth rate per 1,000 females aged 15-17 to 3.6 for the total population, 0.7 among Whites, 6.7 among Blacks, and 9.1 among Hispanics.
'''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-10''': Reduce the birth rate per 1,000 females aged 15-17 to 11.4 for the total population, 2.5 among Whites, 25.6 among Blacks, and 31.4 among Hispanics. ''All targets have been met.''
How Are We Doing?In New Jersey, the highest birth rate is among mothers 30-34 years old. Birth rates among women 30 years old and over increased while birth rates among mothers under 30 years old decreased between 1990 and 2018. For all age groups under 30, Hispanic mothers have the highest birth rate followed by Blacks and then Whites. For those 30-39 years old, Asians and Whites have the highest rates.
Births to teens of all ages and races/ethnicities have been declining for decades and continue to do so. Teen birth rates are highest in the southern counties and in those in the New York metro area.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Teen birth rates in New Jersey as well as the rates among those 20-29 years old are substantially lower than in the nation as a whole. Rates among those 30 and over are higher in New Jersey than in the nation as a whole.
What Is Being Done?The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey.