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Important Facts for Cancer Five-Year Survival Rate

Definition

Five-year relative survival is the five-year survival experienced by a cohort of cancer patients in the absence of other causes of death. Relative survival takes into account the fact that some cancer patients will die of causes other than their cancer, and is calculated using survival life tables.

Numerator

The proportion of observed survivors (all causes of death) in a cohort of cancer patients who survive five years or longer

Denominator

The proportion of expected survivors in a comparable cohort of individuals without cancer who survive five years or longer

Data Interpretation Issues

No U.S. life table is available for Asian race alone so "other race" is used for the calculation and no U.S. life table is available for Hispanic ethnicity alone so "all races" is used. Therefore, caution should be used in interpreting Asian and Hispanic cancer survival rates.

Why Is This Important?

Nearly 15 million Americans with a previous cancer diagnosis are living in the United States. People are living longer after a cancer diagnosis because of advances in early detection and treatment.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/survivorship/basic_info/survivors/index.htm ^1^]

Healthy People Objective: Increase the proportion of cancer survivors who are living 5 years or longer after diagnosis

U.S. Target: 71.7 percent
State Target: 74.6 percent

Other Objectives

'''Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-13''': Increase the proportion of cancer survivors who are living 5 years or longer after diagnosis to 74.6% for the total population, 75.0% among Whites, 65.7% among Blacks, 74.6% among Hispanics, and 75.2% among Asians/Pacific Islanders.

How Are We Doing?

The proportion of cancer survivors living at least five years after diagnosis is slowly increasing.

Health Program Information

NJDOH Cancer Initiatives: [http://nj.gov/health/ces]
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 19 June 2019 5:43:52 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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