Important Facts for Cancer Five-Year Survival Rate
DefinitionFive-year relative survival is the five-year survival experienced by a cohort of cancer patients in the absence of other causes of death. Relative survival takes into account the fact that some cancer patients will die of causes other than their cancer, and is calculated using survival life tables.
NumeratorThe proportion of observed survivors (all causes of death) in a cohort of cancer patients who survive five years or longer
DenominatorThe proportion of expected survivors in a comparable cohort of individuals without cancer who survive five years or longer
Data Interpretation IssuesNo U.S. life table is available for Asian race alone so "other race" is used for the calculation and no U.S. life table is available for Hispanic ethnicity alone so "all races" is used. Therefore, caution should be used in interpreting Asian and Hispanic cancer survival rates.
Why Is This Important?Nearly 15 million Americans with a previous cancer diagnosis are living in the United States. People are living longer after a cancer diagnosis because of advances in early detection and treatment.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/survivorship/basic_info/survivors/index.htm ^1^]
Healthy People Objective: Increase the proportion of cancer survivors who are living 5 years or longer after diagnosisU.S. Target: 71.7 percent
State Target: 74.6 percent