DefinitionDeaths with malignant neoplasm (cancer) as the underlying cause of death.
ICD-10 codes: C00-C97
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to all types of cancer
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Data Interpretation IssuesICD-10 codes for site-specific cancers:
*Melanoma of skin: C43
Why Is This Important?Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. and New Jersey. It is the leading cause of death among persons 45-79 years of age as well as the leading cause of death among Hispanics and Asians in New Jersey. It is the second leading cause of death among Whites and Blacks.
Healthy People Objective: Reduce the overall cancer death rateU.S. Target: 161.4 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 135.8 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-1''': Reduce the age-adjusted death rate due to all cancers per 100,000 standard population to 138.5 for the total population, 144.0 among Whites, 161.8 among Blacks, 91.9 among Hispanics, and 65.3 among Asians.
'''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-1''': Reduce the age-adjusted death rate due to all cancers per 100,000 standard population to 161.5 for the total population, 170.2 among Whites, 186.8 among Blacks, 91.9 among Hispanics, and 65.3 among Asians.
There are several Healthy New Jersey objectives related to specific types of cancer. They are addressed in separate indicator profiles.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to cancer has been slowly declining for several years. In New Jersey, over 16,000 deaths each year are due to cancer. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have higher death rates than females. The age-adjusted death rate due to cancer is highest among Blacks in New Jersey but the gap is narrowing. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 128 in Somerset to a high of 208 in Salem.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Since 2012, the New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to cancer has been statistically significantly below that of the U.S. as a whole.
What Is Being Done?A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness, and deaths due to cancer among New Jersey residents, [http://nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/].