DefinitionPercentage of adults aged 18 years and older who smoke cigarettes every day or some days
NumeratorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and who now report smoking cigarettes every day or some days
DenominatorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older
Data Interpretation IssuesStarting in 2011, BRFSS protocol requires that the NJBRFS incorporate a fixed quota of interviews from cell phone respondents along with a new weighting methodology called iterative proportional fitting or "raking". The new weighting methodology incorporates additional demographic information (such as education, race, and marital status) in the weighting process. These methodological changes were implemented to account for the underrepresentation of certain demographic groups in the land line sample (which resulted in part from the increasing number of U.S. households without land line phones). Comparisons between 2011 and prior years should therefore be made with caution. (More details about these changes can be found at [http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6122a3.htm].)
As with all telephone surveys, data may be subject to error resulting from non-coverage (e.g., non-coverage of some low socio-economic status populations and other households not using a land line), non-response (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or answer specific questions), or measurement (e.g. social desirability or recall bias). Interviewer training and monitoring and strict adherence to good survey research protocols reduces error from these sources.
Why Is This Important?Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death, leads to disease and disability, and harms nearly every organ of the body.[https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/index.htm ^1^]
Healthy People Objective: Reduce tobacco use by adults: Cigarette smokingU.S. Target: 12.0 percent (age-adjusted)
State Target: 12.4 percent (age-adjusted)
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TU-1a''': Reduce the proportion of the population who are current smokers (any use in past 30 days) adults aged 18+ years to 12.4% for the total population, 13.5% among Whites, 16.7% among Blacks, 9.6% among Hispanics, and 4.0% among Asians.
'''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TU-1a''': Reduce the proportion of the population who are current smokers (any use in past 30 days) adults aged 18+ years to 15.4% for the total population, 16.9% among Whites, 18.7% among Blacks, 12.2% among Hispanics, and 7.3% among Asians.
How Are We Doing?Although New Jersey's smoking rates have decreased since its Master Settlement Agreement-funded programs were initiated, more than one million New Jersey adults continue to smoke. People with fewer years of formal education report higher rates of tobacco use compared to the general population. Comprehensive and free quitting services are needed to help New Jersey smokers quit and ensure a decline in tobacco use rates among all population groups.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In 2017, New Jersey's adult estimated smoking rate was 14.1% compared to the national rate of 16.8%. (Rates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.)
What Is Being Done?The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/tobacco/ Office of Tobacco Control] at the New Jersey Department of Health and its partners use comprehensive programs to prevent the initiation of tobacco use among young people, to help tobacco users quit, to eliminate nonsmokers' exposure to secondhand smoke, and to reduce tobacco-related disparities. These programs include free quitting services, school- and community-based prevention programs and education regarding the [http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2004/Bills/PL05/383_.HTM New Jersey Smoke-Free Air Act].
Health Program InformationTo receive more information about tobacco prevention and control programs in New Jersey, call the Office of Tobacco Control at (609) 984-3317. For information on quitting smoking, call the New Jersey Quitline at 1-866-NJ-STOPS or visit New Jersey's online tobacco cessation support program at [http://www.njquitline.org/].