DefinitionNumber of live births per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years
NumeratorNumber of live births
DenominatorTotal number of women aged 15-44 years in the population
Data Interpretation IssuesThe age range may be slightly different in some publications, so it is important to note what age range is being used especially if comparison with other rates is contemplated.
Why Is This Important?The general fertility rate is a more precise measure than the crude birth rate for tracking birth rate patterns. While the crude birth rate and the general fertility rate both look at the total number of live births among the population, the crude birth rate is calculated using the total population including the young, old, male, and female. The general fertility rate is calculated using only females of reproductive age, defined as ages 15 through 44 years, in the denominator. This results in a more sensitive indicator with which to study population growth and change.
How Are We Doing?The general fertility rate among New Jersey women is 59.3 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age. The rate varies widely across the state's counties from a low of 50 to a high of 94. Rates also vary by race/ethnicity. The rate among Hispanics (68.1) is significantly higher than the rates among other racial/ethnic groups.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The general fertility rate among New Jersey women in 2018 and 2019 was slightly above that of the nation as a whole after decades below the national rate.