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Important Facts for Health Care-Associated Infections


Infections that are acquired in a health care setting, as measured by a standardized infection ratio (SIR)


Total number of "observed" or actual infections


Total number of "expected" infections (derived from the national baseline)

Data Interpretation Issues

A standardized infection ratio (SIR) lower than 1.0 means the actual number is lower than expected.[[br]] A standardized infection ratio (SIR) higher than 1.0 means the actual number is greater than expected.[[br]] New baselines were calculated by CDC in 2015. As a result, SIRs for 2016 and subsequent years may be higher than those for 2010-2015.

Why Is This Important?

Healthcare-associated infections are among the top causes of unnecessary illnesses and deaths in the United States.[ ^1^]

Healthy People Objective: Reduce central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI)

U.S. Target: 0.25 SIR or 75 percent reduction
State Target: 0.49 SIR

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objectives:''' *'''HAI-1''': Reduce central line blood related infections (CLASBI) to 0.49 SIR. *'''HAI-2''': Reduce catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) to 0.74 SIR. *'''HAI-3''': Reduce colon surgical site infections to 0.69 SIR. *'''HAI-4''': Reduce coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs) surgical site infections to 0.74 SIR. *'''HAI-5''': Reduce abdominal hysterectomies surgical site infections to 0.70 SIR. *'''HAI-6''': Reduce knee arthroplasties surgical site infections to 0.70 SIR. All objectives and data are for hospitals only. Ambulatory surgery centers are not included.

What Is Being Done?

Reducing preventable HAIs is a priority for the Department of Health and under state law, New Jersey hospitals are required to submit data on healthcare-associated infections to the Department. The Department is required to review and analyze the data, and report the results in New Jersey's annual Hospital Performance Report.[ ^2^]
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 23 November 2020 15:04:10 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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