DefinitionDeaths with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease as the underlying cause of death.
ICD-10 codes: B20-B24
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to HIV disease
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Why Is This Important?HIV is a virus that weakens a person's immune system by destroying cells that fight disease and infection. No cure exists for HIV but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.[https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html ^1^]
Healthy People Objective: Reduce deaths from HIV infectionU.S. Target: 3.3 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 4.2 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey Objective HIV-3''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to HIV disease per 100,000 standard population to 2.0 among the total population, 0.5 among Whites, 9.2 among Blacks, and 2.0 among Hispanics.
'''Original Healthy New Jersey Objective HIV-3''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to HIV disease per 100,000 standard population to 4.2 among the total population, 1.4 among Whites, 21.8 among Blacks, and 4.7 among Hispanics.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to HIV disease has been steadily declining since 1996. All original Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) targets were achieved by 2010 and the revised targets were met by the total population, Whites, and Hispanics in 2017. While the rate among Blacks decreased 80% between 2000 and 2017 and should meet the revised HNJ2020 target, it remains significantly above the rate among other racial/ethnic groups. The rate among males remains double that of females.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The age-adjusted death rate among New Jerseyans remains above that of the nation as a whole, but the gap has narrowed considerably because the New Jersey rate is declining more rapidly than the U.S. rate (81% decrease vs. 69% decrease between 2000 and 2017).
What Is Being Done?New Jersey has initiated an HIV Pre Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) initiative that places PrEP Counselors in 31 locations across the state. Free, confidential rapid HIV testing is offered at over 100 rapid HIV testing sites throughout NJ. The HIV Prevention Patient Navigator Program located in 15 HIV clinics is a linkage to care initiative that can help persons who test positive or are not in HIV care obtain an appointment for care and treatment on the same or next business day. There are also 44 community-based projects providing HIV prevention services to high risk populations located in areas that have been heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic. Several state-wide initiatives also provide intensive, specialized HIV prevention and risk reduction services including drop-in centers, syringe access programs, and church based prevention initiatives.
Health Program InformationNJDOH HIV Prevention and Care Services: [http://nj.gov/health/hivstdtb/hiv-aids/]