DefinitionDeaths with malignant neoplasm (cancer) of the trachea, bronchus, and lung as the underlying cause of death
ICD-10 codes: C33-C34
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to cancer of the trachea, bronchus, and lung
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Why Is This Important?Lung cancer is the leading cause of deaths due to cancer in New Jersey and in the nation as a whole. This is true for both males and females and for each racial/ethnic group. In the United States, 80-90% of lung cancer cases are due to smoking[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/lung/basic_info/risk_factors.htm ^1^] which is an avoidable risk factor.
Healthy People Objective: Reduce the lung cancer death rateU.S. Target: 45.5 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 31.5 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-2''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to lung cancer per 100,000 standard population to 31.5 for the total population, 35.2 among Whites, 33.8 among Blacks, 13.8 among Hispanics, and 13.5 among Asians.
'''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-2''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to lung cancer per 100,000 standard population to 42.0 for the total population, 46.8 among Whites, 41.7 among Blacks, 15.3 among Hispanics, and 13.1 among Asians.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to lung cancer declined by more than one-third from 2000 to 2016 and Healthy New Jersey 2020 targets have been updated for all racial/ethnic groups. The rates among Whites and Blacks are triple those of Hispanics and Asians and the rate among males is well above that females but the gap is narrowing. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 28 in Middlesex and Somerset to a high of 54 in Salem.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The age-adjusted death rate due to lung cancer among New Jersey residents is significantly lower than that of the nation as a whole.
Evidence-based PracticesThe most important thing you can do to lower your lung cancer risk is to quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke. The second leading cause of lung cancer is radon, a naturally occurring gas that comes from rocks and dirt and can get trapped in houses and buildings. Get your home tested for radon.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/lung/ ^2^]
Health Program InformationNJDOH Cancer Surveillance Unit: [http://www.state.nj.us/health/ces/documents/caradonsmoking.pdf Radon and Smoking: A Risky Combination]
NJ State Cancer Registry Data Brief: [https://nj.gov/health/ces/documents/briefs/lungcancer.pdf Lung Cancer Incidence, 1979-2013]