DefinitionNumber of live births to pregnant women who did not receive prenatal care at any time during this pregnancy as a percentage of the total number of live births.
NumeratorNumber of live births to pregnant women who received no prenatal care
DenominatorTotal number of live births
Data Interpretation IssuesThe addition of an explicit "Did Mother Receive Prenatal Care?" question in the new VIP birth registration system, rolled out in NJ birthing hospitals from July 1, 2014 to June 30, 3015, makes comparison of pre-2016 data to data from 2016 and later invalid.
Why Is This Important?Women who receive early and consistent prenatal care increase their likelihood of giving birth to a healthy child. Health care providers recommend that women begin prenatal care in the first trimester of their pregnancy.
How Are We Doing?Black mothers are more than twice as likely as mothers of other racial/ethnic groups to receive no prenatal care (PNC). No PNC is significantly higher among unmarried mothers, mothers who use tobacco during pregnancy, and mothers who are on Medicaid. The likelihood of no PNC is highest among mothers with less than a high school education and decreases with increasing educational attainment.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?New Jersey's no prenatal care rate (1.6%) is slightly below that of the nation as a whole (1.8%).
What Is Being Done?The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Several programs are aimed at improving birth outcomes.