DefinitionYears of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of the number of years not lived by each individual who died before reaching a predetermined age, such as 75. This measure weights deaths at younger ages more heavily than deaths at older ages; the younger the age at death, the greater the number of years of potential life lost.
NumeratorThe YPLL for a population is computed as the sum of all the individual YPLL for individuals who died before age 75 years during a specific time period.
DenominatorThe number of persons in the population under the age of 75 years.
Why Is This Important?Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of '''premature death'''.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted rate of YPLL before age 75 per 100,000 New Jersey residents had been steadily declining for many years as an increasing proportion of the population lives more than 75 years, however the recent rise in opioid overdose deaths has caused YPLL to increase each year beginning in 2015.
The YPLL rate is highest among Blacks, followed in order by Whites, Hispanics, and Asians and Pacific Islanders. The rate among males is 1.8 times the rate among females. The leading causes of YPLL in 2018 were unintentional injury, cancer, heart disease, suicide, and certain conditions originating in the perinatal period.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The age-adjusted rate of YPLL before age 75 among New Jersey residents is consistently below that of the nation as a whole.