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Cigarette Smoking Among Adults by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2011 to 2021

Indicator Report Data View Options

  • NAData not available

Why Is This Important?

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death, leads to disease and disability, and harms nearly every organ of the body.[https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/about/index.html ^1^]

Definition

Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who smoke cigarettes every day or some days

Data Notes

  • Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
  • No data were collected in 2019.

Data Sources

How the Measure is Calculated

  • Numerator:

    Number of adults aged 18 years and older who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and who now report smoking cigarettes every day or some days
  • Denominator:

    Number of adults aged 18 years and older

Data Issues

Data from the New Jersey Behavioral Risk Factor Survey are intended to be representative of all non-institutionalized adult residents of New Jersey. Due to resource issues, however, adults with limited personal access to phone service or limited command of either English or Spanish are not represented. As with all surveys, also, some error results from nonresponse (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), and faulty measurement (e.g., responses affected by social desirability or recall error). Data collection procedures intended to minimize such errors include the use of strict calling protocols, good questionnaire design, standardization of interviewer behavior, interviewer training, and frequent, on-site interviewer monitoring and supervision. Statistical weighting procedures are also used to minimize the potential impact of disproportionate representation of demographic subgroups defined in terms of age, sex, race, ethnicity, education level, marital status, home ownership, and county of residence. (See also [[a href="query/BRFSSQueryTechNotes.html" Behavioral Risk Factor Survey Data Description and Technical Notes]].)

Related Health Objectives and Indicators




  • Health Initiative: HNJ2020

    Healthy NJ 2020 Objective TU-1a

    NJ Target: Reduce the proportion of the adult population who are current smokers (any use in past 30 days) to 12.4 percent (age-adjusted) for the total population, 7.3% for Asians, 16.7% for Blacks, 12.2% for Hispanics, and 13.5% for Whites by 2020
    https://www.nj.gov/health/chs/hnj2020/topics/tobacco-use.shtml




Relevant Population Characteristics

The IOM^1^ has concluded that the effectiveness of '''cigarette excise tax increases''' in reducing smoking-related death and disease can be increased when combined with other evidence-based interventions of a comprehensive tobacco control program, including '''smoke-free policies''' and '''media campaigns'''. The New Jersey '''Smoke-Free Air Act'''^2^ has generally prohibited smoking in any indoor public place or work place since 2006. New Jersey's '''excise tax''' of $2.70 per pack of cigarettes currently ranks 11th in the nation^3^. 1. [https://www.nap.edu/catalog/11795/ending-the-tobacco-problem-a-blueprint-for-the-nation Institute of Medicine, 2007. Ending the tobacco problem: A blueprint for the nation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.] [[br]] 2. P. L. 2005, Chapter 383, N.J.S. 26:3D-55 et seq.[[br]] 3. [https://www.lung.org/our-initiatives/tobacco/reports-resources/slati/appendix-c.html American Lung Association: Current State Cigarette Tax Rates.] [last accessed on 1/28/20]

Health Care System Factors

See [https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/tobacco-use-in-adults-and-pregnant-women-counseling-and-interventions] for smoking cessation recommendations.

Risk Factors

Note: [[a href="query/builder/njbrfs/SmokeCurrent/SmokeCurrentAA11_.html" Custom data views]] of the prevalence of cigarette smoking among New Jersey adults by selected '''sociodemographic and other characteristics''' can be generated using the New Jersey Behavioral Risk Factor Survey interactive query module.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:

Health Status Outcomes

According to the CDC^1^, cigarette smoking increases the risk of many types of '''cancer''', '''coronary heart disease''', '''stroke''', '''diabetes''', and '''chronic obstructive pulmonary disease''' (which includes '''emphysema''' and '''chronic bronchitis'''). Cigarette smoking also increases risk for '''tuberculosis''', '''certain eye diseases''', and '''problems of the immune system''', including '''rheumatoid arthritis'''. Cigarette smoking during pregnancy increases the risk for '''pregnancy complications'''. 1. [https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/health_effects/index.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smoking & Tobacco Use: Health Effects.] [Last accessed on 1/28/20]

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:

Health Topic Pages Related to: Cigarette Smoking Among Adults

Indicator Data Last Updated On 05/24/2024, Published on 06/12/2024
Office of Tobacco Control, Division of Community Health, New Jersey Department of Health, Trenton, NJ, 08625 (https://nj.gov/health/fhs/tobacco/)