Health Indicator Report of Population Demographics
Demographics are an important determinant of health and well-being.
Gini Index: Income Inequality by County, New Jersey, 2021
NotesThe Gini Index is a summary measure of income inequality. The Gini coefficient incorporates the detailed shares data into a single statistic, which summarizes the dispersion of income across the entire income distribution. The Gini coefficient ranges from 0, indicating perfect equality (where everyone receives an equal share), to 1, perfect inequality (where only one recipient or group of recipients receives all the income). The Gini is based on the difference between the Lorenz curve (the observed cumulative income distribution) and the notion of a perfectly equal income distribution. More information: [https://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/income-inequality/about/metrics/gini-index.html]
Data SourceAmerican Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, [https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/]
- by Age and Sex, New Jersey, 2021
- by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2021
- of Foreign-Born Residents, New Jersey, 2005-2021
- by Language Spoken at Home among Persons Who Speak English Less Than Very Well, 2021
- by Age and Disability Status, New Jersey, 2021
- by Sex and Educational Attainment for Persons Aged 25+ Years, New Jersey, 2021
- Below Poverty Level by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2021
- Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2021
- Travel Time to Work, New Jersey, 2021
- Per Capita Income by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2021
- Income Inequality, New Jersey, 2006-2021
- Households with Broadband Internet Subscription by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2021
DefinitionSee graph-specific data notes
NumeratorSee graph-specific data notes
DenominatorSee graph-specific data notes
How Are We Doing?New Jersey is recognized as one of the most diverse states in the nation: 21.5% of its residents are Hispanic, 12.3% are Black, and 9.9% are Asian. Nearly one-quarter of residents are foreign-born and more than one million (12.1%) residents do not speak English very well. The median age of residents is 40.3 years, 50% of those aged 15 and older are married, 4% of those 18 and older are veterans, and one-tenth of the civilian noninstitutionalized population has a disability. Median per capita income in New Jersey is $47,338. The unemployment rate among those age 16 and older is 8.1%, 10.2% of residents live below the poverty level, and 7.2% have no health insurance. Among those aged 25 and older, 91% have graduated high school and 43% have a bachelor's degree or higher. Among those aged 25 and over and in poverty, 22.4% did not finish high school. Median earnings for employed persons aged 25 and over without a high school diploma or equivalent were $28,336 compared to $37,180 for those with a diploma or GED, $46,071 for those with some college or an associate's degree, $71,258 with a bachelor's degree, and $94,788 with a graduate or professional degree. More than 95% of households have a computer and 92% have a broadband internet subscription.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?As of 2021, compared to the US as a whole, the population of New Jersey: * is older * is more racially and ethnically diverse * has a higher proportion of foreign-born residents * has a higher proportion of residents who speak English "less than very well" * has a lower proportion with a disability * has a higher high school graduation rate * has a lower poverty rate * has a higher unemployment rate * has a higher proportion of persons without a vehicle available * has a longer average travel time to work * has a higher median income * has the same rate of income inequality * has a higher proportion with a broadband internet subscription.
Page Content Updated On 11/03/2022, Published on 11/03/2022