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Diabetes (Diagnosed) Prevalence by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2011 to 2021

Indicator Report Data View Options

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Why Is This Important?

Diabetes and its frequent precursor, prediabetes, are conditions on a continuum marked by high levels of blood glucose (blood sugar) due to defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Insulin is a hormone needed to absorb and use glucose as fuel for the body's cells. Diabetes can lower life expectancy and increase the risk of heart disease. It is the leading cause of kidney failure, lower limb amputation, and adult-onset blindness. Diabetes and its complications can often be prevented or delayed. People who are diagnosed with diabetes or prediabetes need to learn about their condition and build the skills and confidence necessary to successfully take care of themselves, with the help of their health care team and community resources. About one-quarter of people with diabetes don't know they have it, and most people with prediabetes don't know they have it. Unfortunately, people who are undiagnosed can't take steps to manage their condition. Data in this Profile are only about diagnosed diabetes prevalence.

Definition

Diabetes prevalence is the estimated percentage of New Jersey adults 18 years and older with diagnosed diabetes. All prevalence estimates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population (except for rates by age group).

Data Notes

  • Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
  • No data were collected in 2019.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health
(http://www.nj.gov/health/chs/njbrfs/)

How the Measure is Calculated

  • Numerator:

    Number of adult (18 and older) New Jersey respondents who responded, "yes" (within the survey year) to the BRFSS question: "Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional ever told you that you have diabetes?".
  • Denominator:

    Number of New Jersey adults (18 and older) who responded to the BRFSS within the survey year.

Data Issues

Data from the New Jersey Behavioral Risk Factor Survey are intended to be representative of all non-institutionalized adult residents of New Jersey. Due to resource issues, however, adults with limited personal access to phone service or limited command of either English or Spanish are not represented. As with all surveys, also, some error results from nonresponse (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), and faulty measurement (e.g., responses affected by social desirability or recall error). Data collection procedures intended to minimize such errors include the use of strict calling protocols, good questionnaire design, standardization of interviewer behavior, interviewer training, and frequent, on-site interviewer monitoring and supervision. Statistical weighting procedures are also used to minimize the potential impact of disproportionate representation of demographic subgroups defined in terms of age, sex, race, ethnicity, education level, marital status, home ownership, and county of residence. (See also [[a href="query/BRFSSQueryTechNotes.html" Behavioral Risk Factor Survey Data Description and Technical Notes]].)

Related Health Objectives and Indicators




Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:

Related Risk Factors Indicators:

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:

Health Topic Pages Related to: Diabetes (Diagnosed) Prevalence

Indicator Data Last Updated On 06/04/2024, Published on 06/05/2024
Chronic Disease Program, Division of Community Health, New Jersey Department of Health, Trenton, NJ 08625 (https://nj.gov/health/fhs/chronic/)