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Health Indicator Report of Food Insecurity

Inconsistent access to adequate amounts of nutritious food can have a negative impact on the health of individuals of all ages. In the US, adults in food insecure households are much more likely than food secure adults to have hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic health problems. Although food insecurity is harmful to any individual, it can be particularly devastating among children because they are more vulnerable to potential long-term consequences for their future physical and mental health and academic achievement.

Food Insecurity Rate by County, All Persons, New Jersey, 2016


Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service, as presented in the Feeding America, Map the Meal Gap Report. Downloaded from [http://www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america].

Data Interpretation Issues

Food insecurity is based on a series of questions on the U.S. Current Population Survey called the "Core Food Security Module." The module asks about a variety of food security conditions (e.g., worried food would run out, could not afford balanced meal, did not eat for a whole day because they could not afford enough food, etc.). Food insecurity was measured by the number of food insecure conditions experienced in the household and the frequency with which each condition was experienced in that household. "Food Insecurity" includes households with low and very low food security. For more information, visit the USDA Economic Research Service, [https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-security-in-the-united-states.aspx Food Security in the United States] web page.

Definition

Food insecurity refers to the USDA's measure of lack of access, at times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members and limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate foods. Food insecure households are not necessarily food insecure all the time. Food insecurity may reflect a household's need to make trade-offs between important basic needs, such as housing or medical bills, and purchasing nutritionally adequate foods.

Numerator

Estimated number of persons living in food-insecure households

Denominator

Number of persons in population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce household food insecurity and in doing so reduce hunger

U.S. Target: 6.0 percent

How Are We Doing?

The USDA estimates that in 2016, about 919,000 people, including 268,000 children, in New Jersey were food insecure. That means 1 in 10 individuals (10.3%) and 1 in 7 children (13.5%) live in homes without consistent access to adequate food for everyone to live healthy, active lives. The food insecurity rate among all New Jersey residents as well as among children decreased between 2014 and 2016, as did national rates. Essex County had the highest rate for all ages (17.1%) and was one of only four New Jersey counties with a rate at or above the US rate. The other three were Salem, Atlantic, and Cumberland Counties. Atlantic County had the highest child food insecurity rate (18.3%) and only three other New Jersey counties (Cape May, Cumberland, and Salem) surpassed the national rate of 17.5%

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

New Jersey had the 6th lowest child food insecurity rate in the U.S. in 2016.

What Is Being Done?

The [https://www.state.nj.us/humanservices/dfd/programs/njsnap/ Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program] (SNAP) and the [https://nj.gov/health/fhs/wic/ Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children] (WIC) play a critical role in helping low-income families break out of the cycle of hunger and diet-related disease. Both programs augment households' food budgets, allowing them to purchase more healthful foods, and provide nutrition education to participants. The [https://www.state.nj.us/agriculture/divisions/fn/ New Jersey Department of Agriculture] also administers several food distribution programs and child and adult nutrition programs.

Available Services

[http://www.endhungernj.org/ Find a local food pantry or soup kitchen] [https://www.foodpantries.org/st/new_jersey Find a local food pantry] NJ Department of Agriculture, [https://www.state.nj.us/agriculture/divisions/fn/ Food and Nutrition Programs] NJ Department of Human Services, [https://www.state.nj.us/humanservices/dfd/programs/njsnap/ Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program] (NJ SNAP) NJ Department of Health, [https://nj.gov/health/fhs/wic/ Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children] (WIC)
Page Content Updated On 10/23/2018, Published on 12/28/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 17 January 2019 13:09:34 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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