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Health Indicator Report of Gastroschisis

Gastroschisis is a birth defect in which a portion of an infant's intestines protrude out of the body through a hole in the body wall beside the umbilical cord. The body wall defect may be small or large, and other organs, including the liver, can be involved. Gastroschisis occurs during pregnancy when the muscles of the wall of the baby's abdomen do not form correctly. Some scientists think that genetics or an environmental exposure during pregnancy can cause gastroschisis, but the exact cause is still unknown. Risk factors for gastroschisis include: young maternal age; race (white teenagers have higher rates than African-American teenagers); and possibly prepregnancy maternal diets that are are high in fat and cholesterol.

Prevalence of Gastroschisis in Children Born to NJ Resident Mothers, by County, 2010-2019


**Counts and rates are suppressed when counts are below 5 due to instability of rates. Observed differences in the annual frequency of a specific birth defect may be due to random variability.


Number of children born with gastroschisis per 10,000 live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.


Number of children born with gastroschisis among live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.


Count of all live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.

Available Services

Early Intervention System: The New Jersey Early Intervention System (NJEIS), under the Division of Family Health Services, implements New Jersey's statewide system of services for infants and toddlers, birth to age three, with developmental delays or disabilities, and their families. The Department of Health (NJODH) is appointed by the Governor as the state lead agency for the Early Intervention System. [] Since 2008, NJEIS has regionalized the system's point of entry for referral of children, birth to age three, with developmental delays and disabilities. Families and health care providers can call 1-888-653-4463 to refer a child to the NJEIS. NJDOH Family Health Services Case Management Units: Each of New Jersey's 21 counties has a Special Child Health Services (SCHS) Case Management Unit. SCHS Case Managers, with parental consent, work with the child's parents and physicians to evaluate an affected child's strengths and needs; and develop an individual service plan for the child and family. Medical, educational, developmental, social and financial needs of the child and family are targeted. NJ Department of Health, Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, PO Box 364, Trenton, NJ 08625-0364, Phone: (609) 984-0755, website: [] Catastrophic Illness Relief Fund: The Catastrophic Illness in Children Relief Fund is a financial assistance program for New Jersey families whose children have serious illnesses or conditions not covered by insurance, state or federal programs, or other funding sources. Contact the Catastrophic Illness in Children Relief Fund Program: 1-800-335-FUND (3863)
Page Content Updated On 10/29/2021, Published on 11/04/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 23 April 2024 14:30:08 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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