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Health Indicator Report of General Fertility Rate

The general fertility rate is a more precise measure than the crude birth rate for tracking birth rate patterns. While the crude birth rate and the general fertility rate both look at the total number of live births among the population, the crude birth rate is calculated using the total population including the young, old, male, and female. The general fertility rate is calculated using only females of reproductive age, defined as ages 15 through 44 years, in the denominator. This results in a more sensitive indicator with which to study population growth and change.


Data for White, Black, and Asian/Pacific Islander do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Vintage 2019 bridged-race postcensal population estimates. [] as of July 9, 2020.
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 1990-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. [] as of October 26, 2012.

Data Interpretation Issues

The age range may be slightly different in some publications, so it is important to note what age range is being used especially if comparison with other rates is contemplated.


Number of live births per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years


Number of live births


Total number of women aged 15-44 years in the population

How Are We Doing?

The general fertility rate among New Jersey women is 59.3 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age. The rate varies widely across the state's counties from a low of 50 to a high of 94. Rates also vary by race/ethnicity. The rate among Hispanics (68.1) is significantly higher than the rates among other racial/ethnic groups.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The general fertility rate among New Jersey women in 2018 and 2019 was slightly above that of the nation as a whole after decades below the national rate.
Page Content Updated On 05/26/2021, Published on 05/26/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 30 March 2023 13:45:49 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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