Health Indicator Report of Immunizations - Pneumococcal Vaccination
Recommended immunizations for adults aged 65 years and older include a yearly immunization against influenza (flu) and a one-time immunization against pneumococcal disease. Most of the deaths and serious illnesses caused by influenza and pneumococcal disease occur in older adults and others at increased risk for complications of these diseases because of other risk factors or medical conditions. Barriers to adult immunization include not knowing immunizations are needed, misconceptions about vaccines, and lack of recommendations from health care providers.
Notes**No data is available for 2019. 2011-2020 data for Asians did not meet CDC minimum sample size criterion (i.e., N<50). 2018 data for Hispanics did not meet CDC minimum sample size criterion (i.e., N<50).
Data SourceBehavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njbrfs/]
Data Interpretation IssuesStarting in 2011, BRFSS protocol requires that the NJBRFS incorporate a fixed quota of interviews from cell phone respondents along with a new weighting methodology called iterative proportional fitting or "raking". The new weighting methodology incorporates additional demographic information (such as education, race, and marital status) in the weighting process. These methodological changes were implemented to account for the underrepresentation of certain demographic groups in the land line sample (which resulted in part from the increasing number of U.S. households without land line phones). Comparisons between 2011 and prior years should therefore be made with caution. (More details about these changes can be found at [http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6122a3.htm].)
DefinitionPercentage of adults age 65+ who reported ever receiving a pneumococcal vaccination in their lifetime.
NumeratorNumber of survey respondents age 65+ who reported ever receiving a pneumococcal vaccine anytime during their life
DenominatorNumber of survey respondents age 65+
Healthy People Objective: Increase the percentage of adults who are vaccinated against pneumococcal disease: Noninstitutionalized adults aged 65 years and olderU.S. Target: 90 percent
State Target: 72.2 percent
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective IMM-3''': Increase the percentage of non-institutionalized adults aged 65 years and older who have ever been vaccinated against pneumococcal infections to 72.2% for the total population, 78.0% among Whites, 63.9% among Blacks, and 61.9% among Hispanics. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective IMM-3''': Increase the percentage of non-institutionalized adults aged 65 years and older who have ever been vaccinated against pneumococcal infections to 72.2% for the total population, 78.0% among Whites, 51.2% among Blacks, and 61.9% among Hispanics.
How Are We Doing?In 2020, 62.5% of all New Jersey adults aged 65 and older reported having received the Pneumococcal vaccination in the past 12 months. Pneumococcal vaccination is lower among Hispanics (41.1%) compared to Whites (69.1%) and Blacks (51.7%).
What Is Being Done?Since 1998, NJDOH has adopted regulations requiring nursing homes to offer pneumococcal and influenza immunizations to all residents, and for hospitals to offer them to seniors who have been admitted for treatment. Education and outreach methods have also been made throughout the state.
Health Program InformationNJDOH Vaccine Preventable Disease Program: [http://www.state.nj.us/health/cd/]
Page Content Updated On 10/27/2022, Published on 10/27/2022