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Health Indicator Report of Life Expectancy at Birth

Life expectancy is a summary mortality measure often used to describe the overall health status of a population.

Notes

Life expectancy from birth is very sensitive to infant and child mortality. Life expectancy from age 65 is less sensitive to infant and child mortality than life expectancy from birth and is thought to better represent overall adult health status. In NJSHAD, life expectancy is calculated using a method developed by CL Chiang. For more information on calculation of life expectancy in NJSHAD, please visit the [https://www-doh.state.nj.us/doh-shad/query/LifeExp.html life expectancy documentation page].   Data for White, Black, and Asian does not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity can be any race.

Data Sources

  • American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, [https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health

Definition

Average life span or number of years of life that could be expected if current death rates were to remain constant

Numerator

Not applicable. For information on life expectancy calculation, please see [https://www-doh.state.nj.us/doh-shad/query/LifeExp.html Life Expectancy].

Denominator

See numerator note.

How Are We Doing?

Life expectancy was slowly increasing among all racial and ethnic groups as well as among both males and females until 2015. Small declines in overall life expectancy have been experienced each year since then. As of 2017, the average life expectancy among New Jersey residents was 80.5 years. Life expectancy among females (82.9 years) remains five years greater than among males (77.9). Among New Jersey residents, life expectancy is highest among Asians (92.5 years), followed by Hispanics (86.1), Whites (79.9), and Blacks (76.5). By county, estimates range from 75.1 years in Cumberland to 83.3 years in Bergen and Hunterdon.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Life expectancy among New Jersey residents is slightly greater than the U.S. estimate of 78.6 years. [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/life-expectancy.htm ^1^]

Available Services

Average life expectancy for your zip code or census tract: [https://www.rwjf.org/en/library/interactives/whereyouliveaffectshowlongyoulive.html Neighborhood Life Expectancy Project]
Page Content Updated On 11/25/2019, Published on 11/27/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 10 December 2019 19:09:04 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: no date