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Health Indicator Report of Life Expectancy at Birth

Life expectancy is a summary mortality measure often used to describe the overall health status of a population.


Life expectancy from birth is very sensitive to infant and child mortality. Life expectancy from age 65 is less sensitive to infant and child mortality than life expectancy from birth and is thought to better represent overall adult health status. In NJSHAD, life expectancy is calculated using a method developed by CL Chiang. For more information on calculation of life expectancy in NJSHAD, please visit the [ life expectancy documentation page].

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [ State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Average life span or number of years of life that could be expected if current death rates were to remain constant


Not applicable. For information on life expectancy calculation, please see [ Life Expectancy].


See numerator note.

How Are We Doing?

Life expectancy was slowly increasing among all racial and ethnic groups as well as among both males and females until 2015. Small declines in overall life expectancy were experienced the following three years before again increasing slightly in 2019. As of 2019, the average life expectancy among New Jersey residents was 80.7 years. Life expectancy among females (83.1 years) remains five years greater than among males (78.1). Among New Jersey residents, life expectancy is highest among Asians (92.1 years), followed by Hispanics (86.1), Whites (80.1), and Blacks (76.9). By county, estimates range from 75.1 years in Salem to 83.5 years in Hunterdon.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Life expectancy among New Jersey residents is slightly greater than the U.S. estimate of 78.7 years. [ ^1^]

Available Services

Average life expectancy for your zip code or census tract: [ Neighborhood Life Expectancy Project] Interactive map of life expectancy estimates by state or census tract: [ NCHS Data Visualization Gallery]
Page Content Updated On 05/10/2021, Published on 05/10/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 27 January 2022 21:20:13 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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