Health Indicator Report of Maternal Marital Status
Nonmarital births are at higher risk of having adverse birth outcomes such as low birthweight, preterm birth, and infant mortality than are children born to married women.[https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr48/nvs48_16.pdf ^1^] Children born to single mothers typically have more limited social and financial resources.[https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/misc/wedlock.pdf ^2^]
Births to Unmarried Mothers by County of Residence, New Jersey, 2019
NotesHudson and Warren Counties each have a large proportion (> 15%) of records missing mother's marital status, so records with unknown status were removed from the denominator for all counties, NJ, and the US. Interpret with caution.
- Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
- National Vital Statistics Reports, NCHS, CDC
DefinitionMarital status was determined by response to the following questions on the birth certificate: *For years 1970-1978 - Legitimate? *For years 1979-1988 - Is mother married? *For years after 1988 - Mother married? (At birth, conception, or any time between)
NumeratorNumber of live births to unmarried mothers
DenominatorTotal number of live births with known marital status
How Are We Doing?The percentage of births to unmarried mothers had been steadily increasing for several decades but peaked around 2012 and has been declining since then. The rates among Blacks and Hispanics are more than triple the rate among Whites, and the White rate is about 5 times the rate among Asians. Among those aged 25-34, the proportion of births to unmarried women in 2019 was double the rate in 1990. The share of births to unmarried mothers ranges from 14% in Hunterdon to 63% in Cumberland County.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Since 1985, the proportion of births to unmarried women among New Jersey residents has been below that of the nation as a whole. Currently, the rate is 19% lower in New Jersey than in the U.S. as a whole.
Page Content Updated On 07/13/2021, Published on 07/13/2021