Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Septicemia (Sepsis)
Septicemia, commonly referred to as sepsis or "blood poisoning," is the eighth leading cause of death among New Jersey residents and eleventh in the U.S.
Age-Adjusted Death Rate due to Septicemia by County, New Jersey, 2014-2016
- Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
- Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]
DefinitionDeaths with septicemia as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: A40-A41
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to septicemia
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia is lower than it was a decade ago but has not declined significantly since then. In New Jersey, nearly 2,000 deaths each year are due to septicemia. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have higher death rates than females. The age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia is highest among Blacks in New Jersey. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 10 in Warren to a high of 26 in Essex.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia is 1.6 times that of the nation as a whole. It is one of only two leading causes of death for which New Jersey's rate is higher than that of the U.S. New Jersey is tied with Alabama for the third highest age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia among all 50 states and D.C. The two highest states are Alabama neighbors Louisiana and Missisippi.[http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html ^1^] New Jersey is the northernmost state in a contiguous cluster of states with high sepsis mortality in the Southeastern and mid-Atlantic U.S.[https://ij-healthgeographics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-072X-9-9 ^2^] A more recent county-level study found clusters throughout the Midwest, mid-Atlantic, and the South.[https://www.pennmedicine.org/news/news-releases/2013/may/new-penn-medicine-research-ide ^3^]
What Is Being Done?Under state law, New Jersey hospitals are required to submit uniform data to the New Jersey Department of Health on health care facility-associated infections. The Department reviews and analyzes these data and reports the results in New Jersey's annual [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/health-care-professionals/submit-reporting/hais/index.shtml hospital performance report]. (Note that not all cases of septicemia are acquired in a healthcare setting.)
Available ServicesSurviving Sepsis Campaign: [http://www.survivingsepsis.org]
Health Program InformationSepticemia refers to the presence of a pathogen in the blood, whereas sepsis is the condition that is caused by the pathogen. In the context of mortality, if the cause of death is septicemia, sepsis is implied.
Page Content Updated On 04/16/2018, Published on 04/16/2018