Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Septicemia
Septicemia, commonly referred to as sepsis or septic shock, was the seventh leading cause of death among New Jersey residents and twelfth in the U.S. in 2019.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Underlying Cause of Death File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [https://wonder.cdc.gov/Deaths-by-Underlying-Cause.html]
- Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
- Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Data Interpretation IssuesSepticemia refers to the presence of a pathogen in the blood, whereas sepsis is the condition that is caused by the pathogen. In the context of mortality, if the cause of death is septicemia, sepsis is implied.
DefinitionDeaths with septicemia as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: A40-A41
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to septicemia
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
How Are We Doing?In New Jersey, nearly 2,000 deaths each year are due to septicemia. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have higher death rates than females. The age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia is significantly higher among Blacks in New Jersey than among other racial/ethnic groups. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 11 in Hunterdon to a high of 24 in Salem.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia is 1.8 times that of the nation as a whole. It is one of only two leading causes of death for which New Jersey's rate is higher than that of the U.S. New Jersey had the second highest age-adjusted death rate due to septicemia among all 50 states and D.C. in 2019 [https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html ^1^] New Jersey is the northernmost state in a contiguous cluster of states with high sepsis mortality in the Southeastern and mid-Atlantic U.S.[https://ij-healthgeographics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-072X-9-9 ^2^] A 2013 county-level study found clusters throughout the Midwest, mid-Atlantic, and the South.[https://www.pennmedicine.org/news/news-releases/2013/may/new-penn-medicine-research-ide ^3^]
What Is Being Done?Under state law, New Jersey hospitals are required to submit uniform data to the New Jersey Department of Health on health care facility-associated infections. The Department reviews and analyzes these data and reports the results in New Jersey's annual [http://www.nj.gov/health/healthcarequality/health-care-professionals/submit-reporting/hais/index.shtml hospital performance report]. (Note that not all cases of septicemia are acquired in a healthcare setting.)
Page Content Updated On 05/11/2021, Published on 05/11/2021