Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Unintentional Injury
Unintentional injury was the leading cause of deaths among persons aged 15-49 years and the third leading cause among all ages combined in 2019. Unintentional injuries are, for the most part, preventable.
Notes"Poisoning" includes drugs, alcohol, gases, pesticides, and other chemicals and noxious substances. "Suffocation" includes inhalation or ingestion of food, gastric contents, or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract; unintentional suffocation, strangulation, or hanging in bed or elsewhere; threat to breathing due to cave-in, falling earth and other substances; trapped in a low-oxygen environment; and other threats to breathing. "Other Injury Mechanisms" include other land transport (non-traffic, non-motor vehicle), non-land transport (air, water, etc.), struck by/against, machinery, firearm, hot object/substance or caustic substance, cutting/piercing, and other specified injuries.
Data SourceDeath Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
DefinitionDeaths with unintentional injury as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: V01-X59, Y85-Y86 Unintentional injuries are commonly referred to as accidents and include poisonings (drugs, alcohol, fumes, pesticides, etc.), motor vehicle crashes, falls, fire, drowning, suffocation, and any other external cause of death.
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to unintentional injury
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Healthy People Objective: Reduce unintentional injury deathsU.S. Target: 36.4 deaths per 100,000 population
How Are We Doing?In New Jersey, more than 4,600 deaths were due to unintentional injuries in 2019. These include poisonings, falls, motor vehicle-related fatalities, suffocation, drowning, fire and smoke-related injuries, and others. New Jersey's age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury rose sharply between 2014 and 2018 due to a rise in unintentional poisonings. The rate decreased slightly in 2019. In 2019, falls became the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths for the first time, while motor vehicle crashes dropped to third. This was due to both a slow decline in motor vehicle-related injuries and a slow increase in fall-related injuries. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have much higher death rates than females. In 2019, the age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury was highest among Black males followed closely by White males. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 31 in Hunterdon to a high of 110 in Salem.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury was 30% below the U.S. rate in 2009, but the gap has disappeared due to the opioid crisis. New Jersey's motor vehicle safety laws likely contribute to the state's continued lower motor vehicle-related death rate. The state's dense population also allows most residents to be in close proximity to hospitals that offer high quality trauma treatment.
Available ServicesPoison Control: [http://www.njpies.org/] or 1-800-222-1222 Fall Prevention: [http://nj.gov/humanservices/doas/services/fallprev/index.html] Child Safety Seat Check Schedule: [https://www.njoag.gov/about/divisions-and-offices/division-of-highway-traffic-safety-home/division-of-highway-traffic-safety-child-passenger-safety/]
Page Content Updated On 05/18/2021, Published on 05/18/2021