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NCHS 45 Rankable Causes of Fetal Death

In order to provide a consistent grouping and ranking standard, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) prepared a List of 124 Selected Causes of Fetal Death. Forty-five causes on that list were designated as eligible to be ranked as leading causes of fetal death. For more information about the NCHS rankings see ICD-10 Cause-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics and Cause of Fetal Death on the NCHS website.

A full list of ICD codes is available at

Cause of Death

ICD-10 Codes


1 Congenital syphilis A50
2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease B20-B24 HIV/AIDS
3 Malignant neoplasms C00-C97 Cancer
4 In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior D00-D48
5 Anemias D50-D64
6 Short stature, not elsewhere classified E34.3
7 Cystic fibrosis E84
8 Meningitis G00, G03
9 Umbilical hernia K42
10 Fetus affected by maternal conditions which may be unrelated to present pregnancy P00
11 Fetus affected by maternal complications of pregnancy P01
12 Fetus affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes P02
13 Fetus affected by other complications of labor and delivery P03
14 Fetus affected by noxious influences transmitted via placenta P04
15 Slow fetal growth and fetal malnutrition P05
16 Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified P07
17 Disorders related to long gestation and high birth weight P08
18 Birth trauma P10-P15
19 Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia P20-P21
20 Congenital pneumonia P23
21 Aspiration syndromes P24
22 Interstitial emphysema and related conditions originating in the perinatal period P25
23 Atelectasis P28.0-P28.1
24 Congenital rubella syndrome P35.0
25 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection P35.1
26 Congenital herpesviral infection P35.2 Herpes simplex
27 Congenital viral hepatitis P35.3
28 Bacterial sepsis of fetus P36
29 Congenital tuberculosis P37.0
30 Congenital toxoplasmosis P37.1
31 Fetal hemorrhage P50-P54
32 Hemolytic disease of fetus P55-P56
33 Perinatal jaundice P57-P59
34 Hematological disorders P60-P61
35 Syndrome of infant of a diabetic mother and neonatal diabetes mellitus P70.0-P70.2
36 Digestive system disorders of fetus P76-P78
37 Hydrops fetalis not due to hemolytic disease P83.2
38 Fetal death of unspecified cause P95
39 Withdrawal symptoms from maternal use of drugs of addiction P96.1
40 Termination of pregnancy P96.4 Abortion (not included in NJ fetal death data)
41 Complications of intrauterine procedures, not elsewhere classified P96.5
42 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Q00-Q99 Birth defects/ Congenital anomalies
43 Unintentional injuries V01-X59
44 Assault (homicide) *U01, X85-Y09
45 Complications of medical and surgical care Y40-Y84

The ICD codes for terrorism are preceded with '*'. See Classification of Death and Injury Resulting from Terrorism on the CDC website.

The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 19 August 2022 19:39:26 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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