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Leading Causes of Fetal Death

In order to provide a consistent grouping and ranking standard, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) prepared a List of 124 Selected Causes of Fetal Death. Forty-five causes on that list were designated as eligible to be ranked as leading causes of fetal death (List of 45 Rankable Causes of Death). NJSHAD's list of Leading Causes of Fetal Death is derived from the list of 45 causes by grouping rare but rankable causes as well as unrankable causes into a residual group (#7 in the table below) for ease of use and tabulation. For more information about the NCHS rankings see ICD-10 Cause-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics and Cause of Fetal Death on the NCHS website.

A full list of ICD-10 codes is available at

Cause of Death

ICD-10 Codes


1 Fetus affected by maternal conditions which may be unrelated to present pregnancy P00
2 Fetus affected by maternal complications of pregnancy P01
3 Fetus affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes P02
4 Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified P07
5 Fetal death of unspecified cause P95
6 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Q00-Q99 Birth defects/Congenital anomalies
7 All other diseases and external causes Residual

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The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 26 October 2020 12:41:23 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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