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NCHS 113 Selected Causes of Death

In order to provide a consistent grouping and ranking standard, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) prepared a List of 113 Selected Causes of Death. Fifty causes on that list plus two others are eligible to be ranked as leading causes of death (List of 52 Rankable Causes of Death). For more information about the NCHS rankings see Part 9 - Underlying Cause-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics on the NCHS website.

ICD-9 was used to code death causes from 1979 through 1998. ICD-9 codes and comparability ratios are included below for comparison to pre-1999 mortality data.

A full list of ICD-10 codes is available at

Cause of Death

ICD-9 Codes

ICD-10 Codes

Comparability Ratio

Standard Error


1 Salmonella infections002-003A01-A020.810.0644
2 Shigellosis and amebiasis004, 006A03, A06****
3 Certain other intestinal infections007-009A04, A07-A090.600.0248
4 Respiratory tuberculosis010-012A160.910.0201
5 Other tuberculosis013-018A17-A190.700.0407
6 Whooping cough033A37****
7 Scarlet fever and erysipelas034.1-035A38, A46****
8 Meningococcal infection036A391.000.0149
9 Septicemia038A40-A411.190.0042
10 Syphilis090-097A50-A530.640.1184
11 Acute poliomyelitis045A80****
12 Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis062-064A83-A84, A85.2****
13 Measles055B05****
14 Viral hepatitis070B15-B190.830.0120
15 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease042-044B20-B241.060.0018AIDS
16 Malaria084B50-B54****
17 Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae001, 005, 020-032, 037, 039-041, 046-054, 056-061, 065-066, 071-083, 085-088, 098-134, 136-139, 771.3A00, A05, A20-A36, A42-A44, A48-A49, A54-A79, A81-A82, A85.0-A85.1, A85.8, A86-B04, B06-B09, B25-B49, B55-B991.100.0154
18 Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx140-149C00-C140.960.0040
19 Malignant neoplasm of esophagus150C151.000.0020
20 Malignant neoplasm of stomach151C161.010.0019
21 Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus153-154C18-C211.000.0009Colorectal cancer
22 Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts155C220.960.0023
23 Malignant neoplasm of pancreas157C251.000.0009
24 Malignant neoplasm of larynx161C321.000.0053
25 Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung162C33-C340.980.0005Lung cancer
26 Malignant melanoma of skin172C430.970.0032Melanoma
27 Malignant neoplasm of breast174-175C501.010.0010Breast cancer
28 Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri180C530.990.0034Cervical cancer
29 Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified179, 182C54-C551.030.0040Uterine cancer
30 Malignant neoplasm of ovary183.0C561.000.0016Ovarian cancer
31 Malignant neoplasm of prostate185C611.010.0015
32 Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis189.0, 189.1C64-C651.000.0022
33 Malignant neoplasm of bladder188C671.000.0026
34 Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system191-192C70-C720.970.0025
35 Hodgkin's disease201C810.990.0089
36 Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma200, 202C82-C850.980.0018
37 Leukemia204-208C91-C951.010.0019
38 Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms203C88, C901.040.0030
39 Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue---C96****
40 All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms152, 156, 158-160, 163-171, 173, 181, 183.2-184, 186-187, 189.2-190, 193-199C17, C23-C24, C26-C31, C37-C41, C44-C49, C51-C52, C57-C60, C62-C63, C66, C68-C69, C73-C80, C971.130.0021
41 In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior210-239D00-D481.670.0164
42 Anemias280-285D50-D640.960.0077
43 Diabetes mellitus250E10-E141.010.0011
44 Malnutrition260-263E40-E460.980.0151
45 Other nutritional deficiencies264-269E50-E646.200.5961
46 Meningitis320-322G00, G031.010.0136
47 Parkinson's disease332G20-G211.000.0028
48 Alzheimer's disease331.0G301.550.0071
49 Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases390-398I00-I090.820.0089
50 Hypertensive heart disease402I110.800.0028
51 Hypertensive heart and renal disease404I131.070.0160
52 Acute myocardial infarction410I21-I220.990.0003Heart attack
53 Other acute ischemic heart diseases411I241.010.0117
54 Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described429.2I25.01.050.0016
55 All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease412-414I20, I25.1-I25.90.990.0004
56 Acute and subacute endocarditis421I331.000.0137
57 Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis420, 422-423I30-I31, I401.030.0160
58 Heart failure428I501.040.0013
59 All other forms of heart disease415-417, 424-427, 429.0-429.1, 429.3-429.9I26-I28, I34-I38, I42-I49, I510.940.0014
60 Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease401, 403I10, I12, I151.120.0050
61 Cerebrovascular diseases430-434, 436-438I60-I691.060.0008Stroke
62 Atherosclerosis440I700.960.0025
63 Aortic aneurysm and dissection441I711.000.0010
64 Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries442-448I72-I780.850.0053
65 Other disorders of circulatory system451-459I80-I991.030.0172
66 Influenza487J09-J111.010.0073Flu
67 Pneumonia480-486J12-J180.700.0018
68 Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis466J20-J210.750.0264
69 Other and unspecified acute lower respiratory infection---J22, U04****
70 Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified490-491J40-J420.390.0107
71 Emphysema492J430.970.0031
72 Asthma493J45-J460.890.0061
73 Other chronic lower respiratory diseases494, 496J44, J471.100.0014
74 Pneumoconioses and chemical effects500-506J60-J66, J681.020.0099
75 Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids507J691.120.0048
76 Other diseases of respiratory system034.0, 460-465, 470-478, 495, 508-519J00-J06, J30-J39, J67, J70-J981.170.0052
77 Peptic ulcer531-534K25-K280.970.0045
78 Diseases of appendix540-543K35-K381.030.0242
79 Hernia550-553K40-K461.040.0154
80 Alcoholic liver disease571.0-571.3K701.020.0050
81 Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis571.4-571.9K73-K741.050.0041
82 Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder574-575K80-K820.960.0060
83 Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome580-581N00-N01, N040.650.0342Kidney diseases
84 Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephritis not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified582-583, 587N02-N03, N05-N07, N260.390.0144
85 Renal failure584-586N17-N191.290.0050
86 Other disorders of kidney588-589N25, N270.910.0867
87 Infections of kidney590N10-N12, N13.6, N15.11.010.0144
88 Hyperplasia of prostate600N401.000.0159
89 Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs614-616N70-N760.980.0410PID
90 Pregnancy with abortive outcome630-639O00-O07****
91 Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium640-676O10-O99****This is not the same as "maternal mortality." Maternal death counts and rates are reported here.
92 Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period760-771.2, 771.4-779P00-P961.070.0033
93 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities740-759Q00-Q990.850.0055Birth defects, Congenital anomalies
94 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified780-799R00-R990.960.0034
95 All other diseases (Residual)ResidualResidual0.900.0015
96 Motor vehicle crashE810-E825V02-V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12-V14, V19.0-V19.2, V19.4-V19.6, V20-V79, V80.3-V80.5, V81.0-V81.1, V82.0-V82.1, V83-V86, V87.0-V87.8, V88.0-V88.8, V89.0, V89.20.980.0027Cars, motorcycles, ATVs, trucks, vans, buses, et. al.
97 Unintentional injury: Other land transportE800-E807, E826-E829V01, V05-V06, V09.1, V09.3-V09.9, V10-V11, V15-V18, V19.3, V19.8-V19.9, V80.0-V80.2, V80.6-V80.9, V81.2-V81.9, V82.2-V82.9, V87.9, V88.9, V89.1, V89.3, V89.914.130.9952Bicycles, trains, horse, et. al.
98 Unintentional injury: Water, air and space, and other transport E830-E848, E929.0, E929.1V90-V99, Y851.010.0209Drowning due to boat overturning or sinking or from falling overboard, hot air ballooning, hang-gliding, parachuting, et. al.
99 FallsE880-E888W00-W190.840.0049
100 Accidental discharge of firearmsE922W32-W341.060.0127
101 Accidental drowning and submersionE910W65-W741.000.0127Includes in bathtub, pool, lake, ocean, river, et. al. Excludes water transport accidents
102 Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flamesE890-E899X00-X090.970.0089
103 Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substancesE850-E869, E924.1X40-X490.890.0191Includes unintentional drug overdose, carbon monoxide poisoning, et. al.
104 Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelaeE900-E909, E911-E921, E923-E924.0, E924.8-E928, E929.2-E929.9W20-W31, W35-W64, W75-W99, X10-X39, X50-X59, Y861.420.0123
105 Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearmsE955.0-E955.4X72-X741.000.0007
106 Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelaeE950-E954, E955.5-E959X60-X71, X75-X84, Y87.0, *U031.000.0023
107 Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearmsE965.0-E965.4, E979.4X93-X95, *U01.41.000.0008
108 Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelaeE960-E964, E965.5-E969, E979.0-E979.3, E979.5-E979.9, E999X85-X92, X96-Y09, Y87.1, *U01.0-*U01.3, *U01.5-*U01.9, *U021.000.0024
109 Legal interventionE970-E978Y35, Y89.0****
110 Discharge of firearms, undetermined intentE985.0-E985.4Y22-Y24****
111 Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelaeE980-E984, E985.5-E989Y10-Y21, Y25-Y34, Y87.2, Y89.9****
112 Operations of war and their sequelaeE990-E998Y36, Y89.1****
113 Complications of medical and surgical careE870-E879, E930-E949Y40-Y84, Y88****

The ICD codes for terrorism are preceded with '*' because they are not used internationally. See Classification of Death and Injury Resulting from Terrorism on the CDC website.

** Figure does not meet NCHS standards for reliability or precision.