Asthma/Chronic Obstructive Lower Respiratory Diseases
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD) is a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. It includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and asthma.1 Asthma causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and nighttime or early morning coughing.2
Asthma and COPD data come from multiple sources:
Inpatient Hospitalization and Emergency Department Visits: The NJ Hospital Discharge Data Collection System receives detailed information about all inpatient hospitalization and emergency department visits from NJ hospitals.
Prevalence: The New Jersey Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (BRFS) tracks the prevalence of asthma and COPD annually. The survey also tracks: the percentage of adults with asthma who miss work or limit their activities due to asthma; percentage of adults with asthma who have an asthma management from a health professional; and percentage of adults with asthma who have been advised by a health professional to change things in their home, school or work to improve their asthma.
Mortality: Death certificates are a fundamental source of demographic, geographic, and cause-of-death information. Deaths are reported as being due to asthma or CLRD when asthma or CLRD, respectively, was the underlying cause of death.
Disease Prevalence (NJBRFS)
- Asthma - Current - Crude Rates
- Asthma - Current - Age-adjusted Rates
- Asthma - Ever - Crude Rates
- Asthma - Ever - Age-adjusted Rates
- COPD - Crude Rates
- COPD- Age-adjusted Rates