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Cardiovascular Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and New Jersey.
Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in New Jersey and fifth in the U.S. (2016 data)
Currently, more than 1 in 3 adults live with some type of cardiovascular disease. Together, heart disease and stroke, along with other cardiovascular disease, are among the most widespread and costly health problems facing the nation today. They result in serious illness and disability, decreased quality of life, and hundreds of billions of dollars in economic loss every year. They are also among the most preventable health problems.1

1. Heart Disease and Stroke. Healthy People 2020. 1/26/18.
The burden of cardiovascular disease is disproportionately distributed across the population. There are significant disparities in prevalence, treatment, and mortality based on gender, age, race/ethnicity, geographic area, and socioeconomic status.2

2. Heart Disease and Stroke. Healthy People 2020. 1/26/18.
Modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease include3 :
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Unhealthy diet and weight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking

3. Heart Disease and Stroke. Healthy People 2020. 1/26/18.
  • Screening and Prevalence: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) monitors the use of preventive screening for a variety of cardiovascular disease risk and protective factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, cigarette smoking, and exercise. The BRFSS also tracks prevalence of coronary artery disease, heart attack, and stroke.
  • Morbidity: The Hospital Inpatient Discharge Data system monitors inpatient hospital discharges, including hospitalization for heart disease and related conditions.
  • Mortality: Death certificates are a fundamental source of demographic, geographic, and cause-of-death information. They make it possible to track every death in the nation due to cardiovascular disease. Deaths are reported as being due to cardiovascular disease when the cardiovascular disease was the underlying cause of death.

New Jersey Department of Health

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CDC Heart Disease and Stroke Map Widget

The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 18 May 2024 15:33:06 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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