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Child and Adolescent Health


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Early childhood (birth to age 8), middle childhood (ages 6-12), and adolescence (ages 10-17) represent the 3 stages of child development. Early and middle childhood provide the physical, cognitive, and social-emotional foundation for lifelong health, learning, and well-being.1 The behavioral patterns established during these developmental periods help determine young people's current health status and their risk for developing chronic diseases during adulthood.2

1. Early and Middle Childhood Overview. Healthy People 2020. 8/25/18.
2. Adolescent Health Overview. Healthy People 2020. 8/25/18.
Experiences during childhood are key for a child's healthy development and lifelong learning. How a child develops during this time affects future cognitive, social, emotional, language, and physical development, which in turn influences school readiness and success later in life. Some adult health conditions have pre-disease pathways that begin in early and middle childhood.3

Adolescence is a critical transitional period that includes not only the biological changes of puberty, but also developmental tasks such as personal exploration and learning to be independent.4

3. Why Is Early and Middle Childhood Important? Healthy People 2020. 8/25/18.
4. Why Is Adolescent and Young Adult Health Important? Healthy People 2020. 8/25/18.

Adolescent Birth Rates

Immunization Status Reports from Schools

Adolescent Behavior (YRBS)

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The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 04 March 2024 15:17:57 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

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