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Self-Reported Cervical Cancer Screening

Summary Indicator Report Data View Options

Self-Reported Cervical Cancer Screening by County, New Jersey, 2017-2020

Why Is This Important?

Cervical cancer is one of the most curable cancers if detected early through routine screening. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with high-risk types of the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine protects against the HPV types that most often cause cervical cancer. Women who have had an HPV vaccine still need to have routine Pap smears because the vaccine does not fully protect against all the strains of the virus and other risk factors that can cause cervical cancer. HPV is transmitted through sexual contact. Any woman who is sexually active is at risk for developing cervical cancer. Other risk factors include giving birth to many children, having sexual relations at an early age, having multiple sex partners or partners with many other partners, cigarette smoking, and use of oral contraceptives. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for cervical cancer every 3 years with cervical cytology alone in women aged 21 to 29 years. For women aged 30 to 65 years, the USPSTF recommends screening every 3 years with cervical cytology alone, every 5 years with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing alone, or every 5 years with hrHPV testing in combination with cytology (cotesting).


Estimated percentage of women ages 21-65 years who have had a Pap test in the past three years. All prevalence estimates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health

How the Measure is Calculated

Numerator:The number of women ages 21-65 years who reported having a Pap test in the last three years.
Denominator:The total number of female survey respondents ages 21-65 years excluding those who responded "don't know" or "refused" to the numerator question.

How Are We Doing?

In 2020, approximately 80% of respondents reported that they had received a Pap test within the past three years.

Available Services

NJDOH has many programs and partnerships related to cancer resources, cancer information, and cancer prevention: [].