Essex County Public Health Profile Report
Asthma Prevalence in Adults: Estimated Percent (Age-adjusted), 2016-2018
Essex8.8% 95% Confidence Interval(7.0% - 11.0%)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
State8.3% U.S. NANA=Data not available.
Essex Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Asthma is a serious personal and public health issue that has far reaching medical, economic, and psychosocial implications. People with asthma are more likely to miss school or work, report feelings of depression, and experience an overall reduced quality of life. Asthma is also costly, with expenses from routine checkups, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and medications putting a significant burden on families, the health care sector, and the economy. Though it cannot be cured, asthma can be controlled through quality health care, appropriate medications, and good self-management skills. When asthma is controlled, people with the disease have few, if any, symptoms, and can live normal and productive lives.
How Are We Doing?In 2018, the adult asthma prevalence in New Jersey was 8.4%. Blacks (14.1%) and Hispanics (7.9%) have higher prevalence of asthma compared to Whites (7.5%) and Asians (2.9%) in the state. Adult asthma prevalence is higher for women than men in every age category.
What Is Being Done?[https://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/chronic/asthma/in-nj/] [https://www.cdc.gov/asthma/]
Relevant Population Characteristics:
Health Care System Factors:
- Obesity among High School Students in Grades 9 to 12
- Unhealthful Days from Carbon Monoxide, PM-10, Lead, Sulfur Dioxide, and Nitrogen Dioxide
- Obesity Among Adults
- Cigarette Smoking Among Adults
Health Status Outcomes:
NoteAll prevalence estimates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population (except for rates by age group).
Data SourcesBehavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njbrfs/]
Measure Description for Asthma Prevalence in Adults
Definition: Adults aged 18 and over, who reported having been told by a doctor that they have asthma and who currently have asthma.
Numerator: Total number of respondents answering "yes" to both of the BRFSS asthma core questions: 1. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had asthma? 2. Do you still have asthma?
Denominator: Includes all survey respondents ages 18 years and older except those with missing, don't know, or refused answers to the core asthma questions